Family Medicine

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    1.   Carter BL, Chrischilles EA, Rosenthal G, Gryzlak BM, Eisenstein EL, Vander Weg MW. Efficacy and Safety of Nighttime Dosing of Antihypertensives: Review of the Literature and Design of a Pragmatic Clinical Trial. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2014;16(2):115-121.

    2.   Dachs R, Endres J, Graber MA. PPIs, Childhood Asthma, and the Problem of Therapeutic Creep. Am Fam Physician. 2014;89(6):476-480.

    3.   Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Multidisciplinary Team Legislative Language Associated with Elder Abuse Investigations. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2014;26(1):44-59.

    4.   Daly JM, Levy BT, Moss CA, Bay CP. System Strategies for Colorectal Cancer Screening at Federally Qualified Health Centers. Am J Public Health. 2014 May 15. [Epub ahead of print]

    5.   Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT. Colon Polyp Model use for Educating about Colorectal Cancer Screening in the Iowa Research Network. J Cancer Educ. 2014.

    6.   Endres J, Graber MA, Dachs R. Evidence to Guide Measles Immunization Recommendations. Am Fam Physician. 2014;89(10):786-787.

    7.   Farley TM, Shelsky C, Powell S, Farris KB, Carter BL. Effect of Clinical Pharmacist Intervention on Medication Discrepancies Following Hospital Discharge. Int J Clin Pharm. 2014;36(2):430-437.

    8.   Graber MA, Dachs R, Endres J. Is Intensive Blood Pressure Control Beneficial in Patients with Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage? Am Fam Physician. 2014;89(2):120-121.

    9.   James PA. Let's Prioritize the Right Care for the Right Patients with Hypertension. JAMA Intern Med. 2014.

    10. James PA, Davis A, Thompson B. What does Team Leadership Mean in the PCMH? Ann Fam Med. 2014;12(3):282-283.

    11. James PA, Oparil S, Carter BL, Cushman WC, Dennison-Himmelfarb C, Handler J, Lackland DT, LeFevre ML, MacKenzie TD, Ogedegbe O, Smith SC,Jr, Svetkey LP, Taler SJ, Townsend RR, Wright JT,Jr, Narva AS, Ortiz E. 2014 Evidence-Based Guideline for the Management of High Blood Pressure in Adults: Report from the Panel Members Appointed to the Eighth Joint National Committee (JNC 8). JAMA. 2014;311(5):507-520.

    12. Levy BT, Bay C, Xu Y, Daly JM, Bergus G, Dunkelberg J, Moss C. Test Characteristics of Faecal Immunochemical Tests (FIT) Compared with Optical Colonoscopy. J Med Screen. 2014.

    13. Lineberry M, Kreiter CD, Bordage G. Script Concordance Tests: Strong Inferences about Examinees Require Stronger Evidence. Med Educ. 2014;48(4):452-453.

    14. Madson L, Rosenbaum M, Kreiter C, Lynch A, Witt A. A Randomized Controlled Trial Assessing the Feasibility of Examination Room Versus Conference Room Teaching in a Psychiatric Setting. Teach Learn Med. 2014;26(1):40-48.

    15. Malhotra A, Vaughan-Sarrazin M, Charlton ME, Rosenthal GE. Comparison of Colorectal Cancer Screening in Veterans Based on the Location of Primary Care Clinic. J Prim Care Community Health. 2014;5(1):24-29.

    16. Parker CP, Cunningham CL, Carter BL, Vander Weg MW, Richardson KK, Rosenthal GE. A Mixed-Method Approach to Evaluate a Pharmacist Intervention for Veterans with Hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2014;16(2):133-140.

    17. Roush GC, Kaur R, Ernst ME. Diuretics: A Review and Update. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther. 2014;19(1):5-13.

    18. Schlichting JA, Mengeling MA, Makki NM, Malhotra A, Halfdanarson TR, Klutts JS, Levy BT, Kaboli PJ, Charlton ME. Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening in an Overdue Population: Participation and Cost Impacts of Adding Telephone Calls to a FIT Mailing Program. J Community Health. 2014;39(2):239-247.

    19. Weber MA, Schiffrin EL, White WB, Mann S, Lindholm LH, Kenerson JG, Flack JM, Carter BL, Materson BJ, Ram CV, Cohen DL, Cadet JC, Jean-Charles RR, Taler S, Kountz D, Townsend R, Chalmers J, Ramirez AJ, Bakris GL, Wang J, Schutte AE, Bisognano JD, Touyz RM, Sica D, Harrap SB. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in the Community a Statement by the American Society of Hypertension and the International Society of Hypertension. J Hypertens. 2014;32(1):3-15.

    20. Weber MA, Schiffrin EL, White WB, Mann S, Lindholm LH, Kenerson JG, Flack JM, Carter BL, Materson BJ, Ram CV, Cohen DL, Cadet JC, Jean-Charles RR, Taler S, Kountz D, Townsend RR, Chalmers J, Ramirez AJ, Bakris GL, Wang J, Schutte AE, Bisognano JD, Touyz RM, Sica D, Harrap SB. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in the Community: A Statement by the American Society of Hypertension and the International Society of Hypertension. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2014;16(1):14-26.

    21. De Witt Jansen B, Weckmann M, Nguyen CM, Parsons C, Hughes CM. A Cross-National Cross-Sectional Survey of the Attitudes and Perceived Competence of Final-Year Medicine, Nursing and Pharmacy Students in Relation to End-of-Life Care in Dementia. Palliat Med. 2013;27(9):847-854.


    1.   Anderegg SV, Demik DE, Carter BL, Dawson JD, Farris K, Shelsky C, Kaboli P. Acceptance of Recommendations by Inpatient Pharmacy Case Managers: Unintended Consequences of Hospitalist and Specialist Care. Pharmacotherapy. 2013;33(1):11-21.

    2.   Anderson, MG, D'Alessandro D, Quelle D, Axelson R, Geist L, Black DW. Recognizing Diverse Forms of Scholarship in the Modern Medical College. Int J Med Ed. 2013;2013(4):120-125.

    3.   Bachmann C, Abramovitch H, Barbu CG, Cavaco AM, Elorza RD, Haak R, Loureiro E, Ratajska A, Silverman J, Winterburn S, Rosenbaum M. A European Consensus on Learning Objectives for a Core Communication Curriculum in Health Care Professions. Patient Educ Couns. 2013;93(1):18-26.

    4.   Carter BL, Coffey CS, Uribe L, James PA, Egan BM, Ardery G, Chrischilles EA, Ecklund D, Vander Weg M, Vaughn T, Collaboration Among Pharmacists and Physicians to Improve Outcomes Now (CAPTION) trial investigators. Similar Blood Pressure Values Across Racial and Economic Groups: Baseline Data from a Group Randomized Clinical Trial. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2013;15(6):404-412.

    5.   Charlton ME, Mengeling MA, Halfdanarson TR, Makki NM, Malhotra A, Klutts JS, Levy BT, Kaboli PJ. Evaluation of a Home-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Intervention in a Rural State. J Rural Health. 2013.

    6.   Chen Z, Ernst ME, Ardery G, Xu Y, Carter BL. Physician-Pharmacist Co-Management and 24-Hour Blood Pressure Control. J Clin Hypertens (Greenwich). 2013;15(5):337-343.

    7.   Chrischilles EA, Hourcade JP, Doucette W, Eichmann D, Gryzlak B, Lorentzen R, Wright K, Letuchy E, Mueller M, Farris K, Levy B. Personal Health Records: A Randomized Trial of Effects on Elder Medication Safety. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2013;0(0):December 11-1-8.

    8.   Dachs R, Endres J, Graber MA. Pulmonary Embolism Rule-Out Criteria: A Clinical Decision Rule that Works. Am Fam Physician. 2013;88(2):98-100.

    9.   Daly JM, Bay C, Levy BT. Use of Fecal Immunochemical Tests in the Iowa Research Network. J Cancer Educ. 2013;28(3):397-401.

    10. Daly JM, Bay CP, Levy BT. Evaluation of Fecal Immunochemical Tests for Colorectal Cancer Screening. J Prim Care Community Health. 2013;4(4):245-250.

    11. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT. Patients Whose Physicians Recommend Colonoscopy and those Who Follow through. J Prim Care Community Health. 2013;4(2):83-94.

    12. De Witt Jansen B, Weckmann M, Nguyen CM, Parsons C, Hughes CM. A Cross-National Cross-Sectional Survey of the Attitudes and Perceived Competence of Final-Year Medicine, Nursing and Pharmacy Students in Relation to End-of-Life Care in Dementia. Palliat Med. 2013;27(9):847-854.

    13. Demik DE, Vander Weg MW, Lundt ES, Coffey CS, Ardery G, Carter BL. Using Theory to Predict Implementation of a Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Intervention within a Practice-Based Research Network. Res Social Adm Pharm. 2013;9(6):719-730.

    14. Eken JL, Smoot MK. Return to Play After Thyroiditis in a Football Athlete. Clin J Sport Med. 2013;23(5):403-405.

    15. Endres J, Graber MA, Dachs R. Does Screening Mammography Lead to Overdiagnosis of Invasive Breast Cancer? Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(6):408-409.

    16. Endres J, Graber MA, Dachs R. Does Delaying Complementary Foods Protect Children Against Allergic and Atopic Diseases? Am Fam Physician. 2013;88(12):818-820.

    17. Ernst ME. Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Recent Evidence and Clinical Pharmacy Applications. Pharmacotherapy: The Journal of Human Pharmacology and Drug Therapy. 2013;33(1):69-83.

    18. Fiedorowicz JG, Tate J, Miller AC, Franklin EM, Gourley R, Rosenbaum M. A Medical Interviewing Curriculum Intervention for Medical Students' Assessment of Suicide Risk. Acad Psychiatry. 2013.

    19. Graber MA, Dachs R, Endres J. Do Abstracts of Articles in Major Journals Contain the Same Information as the Body of the Paper? Am Fam Physician. 2013;88(7):466-467.

    20. Graber MA, Dachs R, Endres J. Is Rivaroxaban Noninferior to Standard Warfarin Therapy in Preventing Recurrent PE and DVT? Am Fam Physician. 2013;87(12):872-873.

    21. Hindman BJ, Dexter F, Kreiter CD, Wachtel RE. Determinants, Associations, and Psychometric Properties of Resident Assessments of Anesthesiologist Operating Room Supervision. Anesth Analg. 2013;116(6):1342-1351.

    22. Israel EN, Farley TM, Farris KB, Carter BL. Underutilization of Cardiovascular Medications: Effect of a Continuity-of-Care Program. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2013;70(18):1592-1600.

    23. James P, ADFM Research Development Committee, Pace W. Concept of a National Primary Care Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Laboratory. Ann Fam Med. 2013;11(3):282-283.

    24. Jogerst GJ, Zheng S, Vanderlip E. Predictors of Treatments Acceptable to Patients for Late-Life Depression. ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:207493.

    25. Kreiter CD. A Measurement Perspective on Affirmative Action in U.S. Medical Education. Med Educ Online. 2013;18:1-9.

    26. Kreiter CD. A Proposal for Evaluating the Validity of Holistic-Based Admission Processes. Teach Learn Med. 2013;25(1):103-107.

    27. Kreiter CD, Axelson RD. A Perspective on Medical School Admission Research and Practice Over the Last 25 Years. Teach Learn Med. 2013;25 Suppl 1:S50-6.

    28. Kreiter CD, Green J, Lenoch S, Saiki T. The overall Impact of Testing on Medical Student Learning: Quantitative Estimation of Consequential Validity. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2013;18(4):835-844.

    29. Levy BT, Xu Y, Daly JM, Ely JW. A Randomized Controlled Trial to Improve Colon Cancer Screening in Rural Family Medicine: An Iowa Research Network (IRENE) Study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2013;26(5):486-497.

    30. Lineberry M, Kreiter CD, Bordage G. Threats to Validity in the use and Interpretation of Script Concordance Test Scores. Med Educ. 2013;47(12):1175-1183.

    31. Maclaughlin EJ, Ardery G, Jackson EA, Ives TJ, Young RB, Fike DS, Carter BL. Institutional Review Board Barriers and Solutions Encountered in the Collaboration among Pharmacists and Physicians to Improve Outcomes Now Study: A National Multicenter Practice-Based Implementation Trial. Pharmacotherapy. 2013;33(9):902-911.

    32. Reeve J, Blakeman T, Freeman GK, Green LA, James PA, Lucassen P, Martin CM, Sturmberg JP, van Weel C. Generalist Solutions to Complex Problems: Generating Practice-Based Evidence--the Example of Managing Multi-Morbidity. BMC Fam Pract. 2013;14:112-2296-14-112.

    33. Rosenbaum ME, Axelson R. Curricular Disconnects in Learning Communication Skills: What and how Students Learn about Communication during Clinical Clerkships. Patient Educ Couns. 2013;91(1):85-90.

    34. Roush GC, Buddharaju V, Ernst ME. Is Chlorthalidone Better than Hydrochlorothiazide in Reducing Cardiovascular Events in Hypertensives? Curr Opin Cardiol. 2013;28(4):426-432.

    35. Roush GC, Buddharaju V, Ernst ME, Holford TR. Chlorthalidone: Mechanisms of Action and Effect on Cardiovascular Events. Curr Hypertens Rep. 2013;15(5):514-521.

    36. Smith M, Schultz S, Seydel L, Kelly MW, Weckmann M, Gryzlak B, Carnahan RM. Improving Antipsychotic use in Nursing Homes: Development of an Algorithm for Treating Problem Behaviors in Dementia. J Gerontol Nurs. 2013;39(5):24-35.

    37. Smoot MK, Amendola A, Cramer E, Doyle C, Kregel KC, Chiang HY, Cavanaugh JE, Herwaldt LA. A Cluster of Exertional Rhabdomyolysis Affecting a Division I Football Team. Clin J Sport Med. 2013;23(5):365-372.

    38. Smoot MK, Cavanaugh JE, Amendola A, West DR, Herwaldt LA. Creatine Kinase Levels during Preseason Camp in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division-I Football Athletes. Clin J Sport Med. 2013.

    39. Thisayakorn P, Weckmann MT. Symptom Screening in Palliative Care Patients. J Palliat Med. 2013;16(4):338.

    40. Thisayakorn P, Weckmann MT. Symptom Screening in Palliative Care Patients. J Palliat Med. 2013;16(4):338.

    41. van Weel-Baumgarten E, Bolhuis S, Rosenbaum M, Silverman J. Bridging the Gap: How is Integrating Communication Skills with Medical Content Throughout the Curriculum Valued by Students? Patient Educ Couns. 2013;90(2):177-183.

    42. Weber MA, Schiffrin EL, White WB, Mann S, Lindholm LH, Kenerson JG, Flack JM, Carter BL, Materson BJ, Ram CV, Cohen DL, Cadet JC, Jean-Charles RR, Taler S, Kountz D, Townsend R, Chalmers J, Ramirez AJ, Bakris GL, Wang J, Schutte AE, Bisognano JD, Touyz RM, Sica D, Harrap SB. Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension in the Community. A Statement by the American Society of Hypertension and the International Society of Hypertension. J Hypertens. 2013.

    43. Weckmann MT, Freund K, Bay C, Broderick A. Medical Manuscripts Impact of Hospice Enrollment on Cost and Length of Stay of a Terminal Admission. Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2013;30(6):576-578.

    44. Wilbur J. Half a World Away: Teaching Family Medicine in Indonesia. Iowa Fam Phys. 2013;39(3):9.

    45. Zhong W, Yu Z, Zeng JX, Lin Y, Yu T, Min XH, Yuan YH, Chen QK. Celiac Plexus Block for Treatment of Pain Associated with Pancreatic Cancer: A Meta-Analysis. Pain Pract. 2013.

    46. Patel V, James P. Digitalis toxicity. Accessed December 11, 2013.


    1. Levy BT, Daly JM, Schmidt EJ, Xu Y. The Need for Office Systems to Improve Colorectal Cancer Screening. J Prim Care Com Health. Prepublished January 4, 2012;DOI: 10.1177/2150131911423103.
    2. Brinig MF, Wilkinson ME, Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Stone EM. The public choice of driving regulations; U iowa legal studies research paper no. 05-27. Accessed Mar 06, 2012.
    3. Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Xu Y, Levy BT. The Value of Self-Reported Care Behaviors and Barriers for Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. North American Primary Care Research Group, Annual Meeting. Tucson, AZ:October 14-18, 2006.
    4. Marquardt MD, Daly JM. Daibetes Management in a Rural and Ethinically Diverse Primary Care Clinic. North American Primary Care Research Group Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA. November 13-17, 2010.
    5. Rosenbaum ME. Lab module: Teaching skills in delivering difficult news to patients. Accessed 04/02, 2012.
    6. Daly JM, Levy BT, Xu Y. Agreement of Patients' Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose Compared with Chart Review and Test Strip Purchases: An Iowa Research Network Study. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Annual PBRN Conference, Bethesda, MD. June 16-18, 2010.
    7. Graber MA. Can a doctor be friends with a patient and still maintain the correct relationship? Accessed April 17, 2012.
    8. Carter BL. Guidelines for use of Diuretics: A View from a Member of JNC 7. J Clin Hypertens. 2012;14(5):273-276.
    9. Carter BL, Bosworth HB, Green BB. The Hypertension Team: The Role of the Pharmacist, Nurse, and Teamwork in Hypertension Therapy. J Clin Hypertens. 2012;14(1):51-65.
    10. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children: The Case of the Shifting End Points. Am Fam Phys. 2012;85(2):104-112.
    11. Daly JM, Gaskill KJ, Jogerst GJ. Multidisciplinary Teams and the Law. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2012;23(4):234-245.
    12. Daly JM, Levy BT, Xu Y. Quality of Colonoscopy Services for Physicians in the Iowa Research Network. Fam Med. 2012;44(3):164-170.
    13. Daly JM, Xu Y, Ely JW, Levy BT. A Randomized Colorectal Cancer Screening Intervention Trial in the Iowa Research Network (IRENE): Study Recruitment Methods and Baseline Results. J Am Board Fam Med. 2012;25(1):63-72.
    14. Daly JM, Xu Y, Levy BT, Bedell DA, Marquardt MD, Vonderhaar KM, James PA. Implementation of a Diabetes Management Program for Patients in a Rural Primary Care Office. J Prim Care Com Health. 2012;3(2):88-98.
    15. Ely JW, Kaldjian LC, D'Alessandro DM. Diagnostic Errors in Primary Care: Lessons Learned. J Am Board Fam Med. 2012;25(1):87-97.
    16. Ferguson KJ, Kreiter CD, Axelson RD. Do Preceptors with More Rating Experience Provide More Reliable Assessments of Medical Student Performance? Teach Learn Med. 2012;24(2):101-105.
    17. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Galloway LJ, Zheng S, Xu Y. Substance Abuse Associated with Elder Abuse in the United States. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2012;38(1):63-69.
    18. Kaldjian LC, Rosenbaum ME, Shinkunas LA, Woodhead JC, Antes LM, Rowat JA, Forman-Hoffman VL. Through Students' Eyes: Ethical and Professional Issues Identified by Third-Year Medical Students during Clerkships. J Med Ethics. 2012;38(2):130-132.
    19. Kreiter CD. Commentary: The Response Process Validity of a Script Concordance Test Item. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2012;17(1):7-9.
    20. Levy BT, Daly JM, Xu Y, Ely JW. Mailed Fecal Immunochemical Tests Plus Educational Materials to Improve Colon Cancer Screening Rates in Iowa Research Network (IRENE) Practices. J Am Board Fam Med. 2012;25(1):73-82.
    21. Schmeidel AN, Daly JM, Rosenbaum ME, Schmuch GA, Jogerst GJ. Health Care Professionals' Perspectives on Barriers to Elder Abuse Detection and Reporting in Primary Care Settings. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2012;24(1):17-36.


    1. Beglinger LJ, Mills JA, Vik SM, Duff K, Denburg NL, Weckmann MT, Paulsen JS, Gingrich R. The Neuropsychological Course of Acute Delirium in Adult Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients. Arch Clin Neuropsychol. 2011;26(2):98-109.
    2. Cao YG, Liu F, Simpson P, Antieau L, Bennett A, Cimino JJ, Ely JW, Yu H. AskHERMES: An Online Question Answering System for Complex Clinical Questions. J Biomed Inform. 2011;44(2):277-288.
    3. Charlton ME, Levy BT, High RR, Schneider JE, Brooks JM. Effects of Health Savings Account-Eligible Plans on Utilization and Expenditures. Am J Manag Care. 2011;17(1):79-86.
    4. Claramita M, Sutomo AH, Graber MA, Scherpbier AJ. Are Patient-Centered Care Values as Reflected in Teaching Scenarios really being Taught when Implemented by Teaching Faculty? A Discourse Analysis on an Indonesian Medical School's Curriculum. Asia Pac Fam Med. 2011;10(1):4.
    5. Dachs RJ, Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A. Subarachnoid Hemorrhage and the CT Scan. Am Fam Phys. 2011;84(6):632-636.
    6. Daly JM. Domestic and Institutional Elder Abuse Legislation. Nurs Clin N Am. 2011;46(4):477-484, vii.
    7. Daly JM. Evidence-Based Practice Guideline: Elder Abuse Prevention. J Gerontol Nurs. 2011;37(11):11-17.
    8. Daly JM, Ely JW, Levy BT, Smith TC, Merchant ML, Bergus GR, Jogerst GJ. Primary Care Clinicians' Perspectives on Management of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections: An Iowa Research Network Study. J Rural Health. 2011;27(3):319-328.
    9. Daly JM, Gaskill KJ, Jogerst GJ. Essential Data Elements for Reporters of Elder Abuse. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2011;23(3):234-245.
    10. Daly JM, Jones J, Gereau P, Levy BT. Non-Response Error in Mail Surveys: Top Ten Problems. Nurs Res Prac. 2011.
    11. Daly JM, Levy BT, Ely JW, Swanson K, Bergus GR, Jogerst GJ, Smith TC. Management of Skin and Soft Tissue Infections in Community Practice before and After Implementing a "Best Practice" Approach: An Iowa Research Network (IRENE) Intervention Study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2011;24(5):524-533.
    12. Daly JM, Merchant ML, Jogerst GJ. Elder Abuse Research: A Systematic Review. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2011;23(4):348-365.
    13. Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA, Dachs RJ. Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media in Young Children. Am Fam Phys. 2011;84(10):1095-1097.
    14. Dickerson LM, Ables AZ, Everett CJ, Mainous AG,3rd, McCutcheon AM, Bazaldua OV, Weber CA, Carter BL, National Interdisciplinary Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network. Measuring Diabetes Care in the National Interdisciplinary Primary Care Practice-Based Research Network (NIPC-PBRN) Pharmacotherapy. 2011;31(1):23-30.
    15. Ely JW, Graber MA, Croskerry P. Checklists to Reduce Diagnostic Errors. Acad Med. 2011;86(3):307-313.
    16. Ernst ME. Resistant Hypertension Or Resistant Prescribing? Hypertension. 2011;58(6):987-988.
    17. Ernst ME, Mann SJ. Diuretics in the Treatment of Hypertension. Semin Nephrol. 2011;31(6):495-502.
    18. Ernst ME, Neaton JD, Grimm RH,Jr, Collins G, Thomas W, Soliman EZ, Prineas RJ, Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial Research Group. Long-Term Effects of Chlorthalidone Versus Hydrochlorothiazide on Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial. Hypertension. 2011;58(6):1001-1007.
    19. Ernst ME, Sezate GS, Lin W, Weber CA, Dawson JD, Carter BL, Bergus GR. Indication-Specific 6-h Systolic Blood Pressure Thresholds can Approximate 24-h Determination of Blood Pressure Control. J Hum Hypertens. 2011;25(4):250-255.
    20. Fravel MA, Ernst ME. Management of Gout in the Older Adult. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2011;9(5):271-285.
    21. Freund K, Weckmann MT, Casarett DJ, Swanson K, Brooks MK, Broderick A. Hospice Eligibility in Patients Who Died in a Tertiary Care Center. J Hosp Med. 2011.
    22. Gaglioti A, Matthews K, Levy BT, Rushton G, Bay C, Dawson JD. Ecologic Disparities in the Geography of Colorectal Cancer Mortality in Iowa. North American Primary Care Research Group, Annual Meeting, Banff, Alberta, Canada. 2011.
    23. Graber MA. The Overlapping Roles of the Rural Doctor. Virtual Mentor. 2011;13:273-277.
    24. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Usefulness of Procalcitonin Measurement in Reducing Antibiotic use and Identifying Serious Bacterial Illness. Am Fam Phys. 2011;84(2):177-179.
    25. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Clinical Significance of Meniscal Damage on Knee MRI. Am Fam Phys. 2011;83(10):1160-1162.
    26. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Donepezil to Manage Alzheimer Disease: New Vs. Standard Dosing. Am Fam Phys. 2011;83(6):742-744.
    27. Graber MA, Graber AD. Black, White Or Green: 'Race', Gender and Avatars within the Therapeutic Space. Med Humanit. 2011;37(1):9-12.
    28. Gradman AH, Basile JN, Carter BL, Bakris GL, American Society of Hypertension Writing Group. Combination Therapy in Hypertension. J Clin Hypertens. 2011;13(3):146-154.
    29. Helfand BT, McVary KT, Meleth S, Sharp VJ, Foster H, Naslund M, Williams OD, CAMUS Study Group. The Relationship between Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Severity and Sleep Disturbance in the CAMUS Trial. J Urol. 2011;185(6):2223-2228.
    30. Jogerst GJ, Zheng S, Frolova EV, Kim MY. Late-Life Depressive Symptoms: An International Study. Fam Pract. 2011.
    31. Kreiter CD, Haugen TH, Leaven TC, Goerdt CJ, Rosenthal N, McGaghie WC, Dee FR. A Report on the Piloting of a Novel Computer-Based Medical Case Simulation for Teaching and Formative Assessment of Diagnostic Laboratory Testing. Med Educ Online. 2011;16:10.3402/meo.v16i0.5646.
    32. Luciano GL, Carter BL, Garb JL, Rothberg MB. Residents-as-Teachers: Implementing a Toolkit in Morning Report to Redefine Resident Roles. Teach Learn Med. 2011;23(4):316-323.
    33. Messmer PR, Hill-Rodriguez D, Williams AR, Ernst ME, Tahmooressi J. Perceived Value of National Certification for Pediatric Nurses. J Contin Educ Nurs. 2011;42(9):421-432.
    34. Schuwirth L, Colliver J, Gruppen LD, Kreiter CD, Mennin S, Onishi H, Pangaro L, Ringsted C, Swanson D, Van Der Vleuten C, Wagner-Menghin M. Research in Assessment: Consensus Statement and Recommendations from the Ottawa 2010 Conference Med Teach. 2011;33(3):224-233.
    35. Seyfer DL, Van Dyke DC, Wacker DP, McConkey SA, Cooper-Brown L, Bachmeyer MH, Kreiter CD. Observations in Psychotropic Medication Usage in Patients with Behavior Disorders Presenting to a Specialty Clinic. Clin Pediatr. 2011;50(1):44-49.
    36. Shokar N, Bergus GR, Bazemore AW, Clinch CR, Coco A, Jones B, Mainous AG,3rd, Seehusen D, Singh V. Calling all Scholars to the Council of Academic Family Medicine Educational Research Alliance (CERA). Ann Fam Med. 2011;9(4):372-373.
    37. St Peter WL, Farley TM, Carter BL. Role of Collaborative Care Models Including Pharmacists in Improving Blood Pressure Management in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients. Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2011;20(5):498-503.
    38. van Zuuren EJ, Kramer SF, Carter BL, Graber MA, Fedorowicz Z. Interventions for Rosacea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(3)(3):CD003262.
    39. Van Zuuren EJ, Kramer SF, Carter BR, Graber MA, Fedorowicz Z. Effective and Evidence-Based Management Strategies for Rosacea: Summary of a Cochrane Systematic Review. Br J Dermatol. 2011;165(4):760-781.
    40. Wentzlaff DM, Carter BL, Ardery G, Franciscus CL, Doucette WR, Chrischilles EA, Rosenkrans KA, Buys LM. Sustained Blood Pressure Control Following Discontinuation of a Pharmacist Intervention. J Clin Hypertens. 2011;13(6):431-437.
    41. Wolinsky FD, Vander Weg MW, Howren MB, Jones MP, Martin R, Luger TM, Duff K, Goerdt CJ, Wolfe S, Dotson MM. Protocol for a Randomised Controlled Trial to Improve Cognitive Functioning in Older Adults: The Iowa Healthy and Active Minds Study. Br Med J. 2011;1(2):e000218.
    42. Xu Y, Noyes R,Jr, Hartz AJ, Levy BT, Daly JM, Johnson SR. Are Premenstrual Symptoms Associated with Health Anxiety in Nursing Graduates? Open J Psychiatry. 2011;1(3):98-105.
    43. Yager JR, Magnotta VA, Mills JA, Vik SM, Weckmann MT, Capizzano AA, Gingrich R, Beglinger LJ. Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy in Adult Cancer Patients with Delirium. Psychiatry Res. 2011;191(2):128-132.
    44. Axelson R, Kreiter CD, Ferguson KJ, Solow CM, Huebner K. Medical School Preadmission Interviews: Are Structured Interviews More Reliable than Unstructured Interviews? Teach Learn Med. 2010;22(4):241-245.
    45. Axelson RD, Solow CM, Ferguson KJ, Cohen MB. Assessing Implicit Gender Bias in Medical Student Performance Evaluations. Eval Health Prof. 2010;33(3):365-385.


    1. Bergus GR, Woodhead JC, Kreiter CD. Using Systematically Observed Clinical Encounters (SOCEs) to Assess Medical Students' Skills in Clinical Settings. Adv Med Ed Prac. 2010;1:67-73.
    2. Boeke PS, House HR, Graber MA. Injury Incidence and Predictors on a Multiday Recreational Bicycle Tour: The Register's Annual Great Bike Ride Across Iowa, 2004 to 2008. Wilderness Environ Med. 2010;21(3):202-207.
    3. Cao YG, Cimino JJ, Ely JW, Yu H. Automatically Extracting Information Needs from Complex Clinical Questions. J Biomed Inform. 2010;43(6):962-971.
    4. Carter BL. Designing Quality Health Services Research: Why Comparative Effectiveness Studies are Needed and Why Pharmacists should be Involved Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30(8):751-757.
    5. Carter BL, Basile JN, Cushman WC, Sica DA. Do Thiazide Diuretics Cause Diabetes? if so, is it of Clinical Significance? Medicine Roundtable. 2010;Summer:1-8.
    6. Carter BL, Clarke W, Ardery G, Weber CA, James PA, Vander Weg MW, Chrischilles EA, Vaughn T, Egan BM, Collaboration Among Pharmacists Physicians To Improve Outcomes Now (CAPTION) Trial Investigators. A Cluster-Randomized Effectiveness Trial of a Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Model to Improve Blood Pressure Control. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2010;3(4):418-423.
    7. Carter BL, Doucette WR, Franciscus CL, Ardery G, Kluesner KM, Chrischilles EA. Deterioration of Blood Pressure Control After Discontinuation of a Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Intervention. Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30(3):228-235.
    8. Carter BL, Foppe van Mil JW. Comparative Effectiveness Research: Evaluating Pharmacist Interventions and Strategies to Improve Medication Adherence. Am J Hypertens. 2010;23(9):949-955.
    9. Christensen AJ, Howren MB, Hillis SL, Kaboli PJ, Carter BL, Cvengros JA, Wallston KA, Rosenthal GE. Patient and Physician Beliefs about Control Over Health: Association of Symmetrical Beliefs with Medication Regimen Adherence. J Gen Intern Med. 2010;25(5):397-402.
    10. Criswell TJ, Weber CA, Xu Y, Carter BL. Effect of Self-Efficacy and Social Support on Adherence to Antihypertensive Drugs. Pharmacotherapy. 2010;30(5):432-441.
    11. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Autism and Childhood Vaccinations: Debunking the Myth. Am Fam Phys. 2010;82(6):586.
    12. Dachs RJ, Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A. Cancer Risks Associated with CT Scanning. Am Fam Phys. 2010;81(2):111.
    13. Daly JM, Joshi M, Jogerst GJ. Late Life Depression: Perceptions of Older Adults in St. Petersburg, Russia. Adv.Gerontol. 2010;23(2):249-256.
    14. Daly JM, Levy BT, Joshi M, Xu Y, Jogerst GJ. Patient Clock Drawing and Accuracy of Self-Report Compared with Chart Review for Colorectal Cancer (CRC) Screening. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2010;50(3):341-344.
    15. Daly JM, Levy BT, Merchant ML, Wilbur J. Mailed Fecal-Immunochemical Test for Colon Cancer Screening. J Comm Health. 2010;35(3):235-239.
    16. Darby-Stewart A, Dachs RJ, Graber MA. Antidepressants for Initial Treatment of Depression. Am Fam Phys. 2010;81(10):1205-1212.
    17. Ely JW, Seabury Stone M. The Generalized Rash: Part I. Differential Diagnosis. Am Fam Phys. 2010;81(6):726-734.
    18. Ely JW, Seabury Stone M. The Generalized Rash: Part II. Diagnostic Approach. Am Fam Phys. 2010;81(6):735-739.
    19. Ernst ME, Carter BL, Zheng S, Grimm RH,Jr. Meta-Analysis of Dose-Response Characteristics of Hydrochlorothiazide and Chlorthalidone: Effects on Systolic Blood Pressure and Potassium. Am J Hypertens. 2010;23(4):440-446.
    20. Ernst ME, Gordon JA. Diuretic Therapy: Key Aspects in Hypertension and Renal Disease. J Nephrol. 2010;23(5):487-493.
    21. Ernst ME, Lund BC. Renewed Interest in Chlorthalidone: Evidence from the Veterans Health Administration. J Clin Hypertens. 2010;12(12):927-934.
    22. Ernst ME, Moser M. Thiazide Diuretics. New Engl.J.Med. 2010;362:659-660.
    23. Ewane C, McConkey SA, Kreiter CD, Fuller M, Tabor A, Bosch J, Mews J, Baldwin K, Van Dyke DC. Is Air-Displacement Plethysmography a Reliable Method of Detecting Ongoing Changes in Percent Body Fat within Obese Children Involved in a Weight Management Program? Obes Res Clin Prac. 2010;4:e277-282.
    24. Ferreira-Alves J, Soares C, Daly JM, Guimaraes P. Rechtliche Und Psychologische Ansichten Zu Gewalt Gegen Alte Menshcen: Die Perspective Von Seniorenheim-Direktoren (German) (Judicial and Psychological Views Against the Elderly: The Perspective of Senior Citizen Home Directors). Stud Crim Foren Sci. 2010;3:130-130-141.
    25. Fiedorowicz JG, Weldon K, Bergus GR. Determining Suicide Risk (Hint: A Screen is Not enough). J Fam Pract. 2010;59(5):256-260.
    26. Fravel MA, Ernst ME, Bergus GR. Psychological Effect of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2010;67(5):343-344.
    27. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Beta Blockers and Noncardiac Surgery: Why the POISE Study Alone should Not Change Your Practice. Am Fam Phys. 2010;81(6):717-725.
    28. Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A, Dachs RJ. Can ECG Rule Out ACS if Performed while the Patient is having Chest Pain? Am Fam Phys. 2010;82(10):1185.
    29. Graber MA, Graber AD. Get Your Paws Off of My Pixels: Personal Identity and Avatars as Self. J Med Internet Res. 2010;12(3):e28.
    30. Gradman AH, Basile JN, Carter BL, Bakris GL, Materson BJ, Black HR, Izzo JL,Jr, Oparil S, Weber MA. Combination Therapy in Hypertension. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2010;4(2):90-98.
    31. Kreiter CD. Using Generalizability Theory to Evaluate the Applicability of a Serial Bayes Model in Estimating the Positive Predictive Value of Multiple Psychological Or Medical Tests Psych. 2010;1:194-194-198.
    32. Levy BT, Daly JM, Luxon B, Merchant ML, Xu Y, Levitz C, Wilbur J. The "Iowa Get Screened" Colon Cancer Screening Program. J Prim Care Com Health. 2010;1(1):43-49.
    33. Link EA, Kreiter CD, D'Alessandro DM. An Evaluation of Pediatric Residency Education in Conveying Immunization Knowledge. Teach Learn Med. 2010;22(3):176-179.
    34. Niselsen B, Rowat JA, Kreiter CD, Wyatt CM, Dahlem H, Bowers J, Vogelgesang SA. The Hidden Patient:A Novel Way to Evaluate Resident Competency in Professionalism and Interpersonal and Communication Skills Acad Intern Med Insight. 2010;8:12-13.
    35. Sharp VJ, Takacs EB, Powell CR. Prostatitis: Diagnosis and Treatment. Am Fam Phys. 2010;82(4):397-406.
    36. Skelly KS, Bergus GR. Does Structured Audit and Feedback Improve the Accuracy of Residents' CPT E&M Coding of Clinic Visits? Fam Med. 2010;42(9):648-652.
    37. Sutton E, Wilson H, Kaboli PJ, Carter BL. Why Physicians do Not Prescribe a Thiazide Diuretic J Clin Hypertens. 2010;12(7):502-507.
    38. Townsend PD, Christensen MG, Kreiter CD, zumBrunnen JR. Investigating the use of Written and Performance-Based Testing to Summarize Competence on the Case Management Component of the NBCE Part IV-National Practical Examination Teach Learn Med. 2010;22(1):16-21.
    39. Weber CA, Ernst ME, Sezate GS, Zheng S, Carter BL. Pharmacist-Physician Comanagement of Hypertension and Reduction in 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressures. Arch Int Med. 2010;170(18):1634-1639.
    40. Weckmann MT, Block S. Strategies for Finding and Negotiating a First Position in Hospice and Palliative Medicine. J Palliat Med. 2010;13(9):1141-1147.
    41. Witry MJ, Doucette WR, Daly JM, Levy BT, Chrischilles EA. Family Physician Perceptions of Personal Health Records. Perspect Health Info Manag. 2010;7:1d.


    1. Axelson RD, Kreiter CD. Rater and Occasion Impacts on the Reliability of Pre-Admission Assessments. Med Educ. 2009;43(12):1198-1202.
    2. Bergus GR, Woodhead JC, Kreiter CD. Trained Lay Observers can Reliably Assess Medical Students' Communication Skills. Med Educ. 2009;43(7):688-694.
    3. Bruch LA, De Young BR, Kreiter CD, Haugen TH, Leaven TC, Dee FR. Competency Assessment of Residents in Surgical Pathology using Virtual Microscopy. Hum Pathol. 2009;40(8):1122-1128.
    4. Buri HM, Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Elder Abuse Telephone Screen Reliability and Validity. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2009;21(1):58-73.
    5. Carter BL. Equivalence of Generic and Brand-Name Drugs for Cardiovascular Disease. JAMA. 2009;301(16):1654; author reply 1655-6.
    6. Carter BL. Improving Blood Pressure Control with physician/pharmacist Collaboration. Vnitr Lek. 2009;55(4):389-394.
    7. Carter BL. Fixed-Dosed Combinations are Not Indicated as Initial Therapy: A Debate. J Clin Hypertens. 2009;11(2):94-99.
    8. Carter BL, Ardery G, Dawson JD, James PA, Bergus GR, Doucette WR, Chrischilles EA, Franciscus CL, Xu Y. Physician and Pharmacist Collaboration to Improve Blood Pressure Control. Arch Int Med. 2009;169(21):1996-2002.
    9. Carter BL, Ernst ME. Thiazide-Induced Hyperglycemia: Can it be Prevented? Am J Hypertens. 2009;22(5):473.
    10. Carter BL, Rogers M, Daly JM, Zheng S, James PA. The Potency of Team-Based Care Interventions for Hypertension: A Meta-Analysis. Arch Int Med. 2009;169(19):1748-1755.
    11. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Is the San Francisco Syncope Rule Reliable? Am Fam Phys. 2009;80(6):558-561.
    12. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Sample Medications and overall Prescription Costs. Am Fam Phys. 2009;79(10):891-894.
    13. Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Xu Y, Levy BT, James PA, Merchant ML, Garrett RE. An Assessment of Attitudes, Behaviors, and Outcomes of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. J Am Board Fam Med. 2009;22(3):280-290.
    14. Daly JM, Joshi M, Jogerst GJ. Comparison of Elder Abuse Prevalence Studies. International Perspectives in Victimology. 2009;5(1):31-39.
    15. Daly JM, Levy BT, Merchant ML. Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines and Consumers' Concerns with Specimen Collection. Am J Nurs. 2009;109(10):60-62.
    16. Darby-Stewart A, Dachs RJ, Graber MA. Honey as a Treatment for Cough in Children. Am Fam Phys. 2009;80(2):120-122.
    17. Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA, Dachs RJ. Acyclovir Or Steroids as Pharmacologic Treatment of Bell Palsy. Am Fam Phys. 2009;79(6):435-437.
    18. Ernst ME. Nighttime Blood Pressure is the Blood Pressure. Pharmacotherapy. 2009;29(1):3-6.
    19. Ernst ME, Carter BL, Basile JN. All Thiazide-Like Diuretics are Not Chlorthalidone: Putting the ACCOMPLISH Study into Perspective. J Clin Hypertens. 2009;11(1):5-10.
    20. Ernst ME, Fravel MA. Febuxostat: A Selective Xanthine-oxidase/xanthine-Dehydrogenase Inhibitor for the Management of Hyperuricemia in Adults with Gout. Clin Ther. 2009;31(11):2503-2518.
    21. Ernst ME, Moser M. Use of Diuretics in Patients with Hypertension. N Engl J Med. 2009;361(22):2153-2164.
    22. Ernst ME, Shaw RF, Ernst EJ, Alexander B, Kaboli PJ. Atmospheric Pressure Changes and Unexplained Variability in INR Measurements. Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis. 2009;20(4):263-270.
    23. Gaglioti A, Petterson SM, Bazemore AW, Phillips RL,Jr, Dodoo MS, Zhang X. Primary Care's Ecologic Impact on Obesity. Am Fam Phys. 2009;79(6):446.
    24. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Is Telmisartan Effective for Stroke Prevention? Am Fam Phys. 2009;80(10):1042.
    25. Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A. In Reply. Am Fam Phys. 2009;79(2):84-85.
    26. Groneberg-Kloft B, Scutaru C, Fischer A, Welte T, Kreiter CD, Quarcoo D. Analysis of Research Output Parameters: Density Equalizing Mapping and Citation Trend Analysis. BMC Health Serv Res. 2009;9:16.
    27. Ho EY, Bylund CL, Rosenbaum ME, Herwaldt LA. Teaching Health Communication through found Poems Created from Patients' Stories. Comm.Teacher. 2009;23(2):93-98.
    28. Katz DA, Graber MA, Birrer E, Lounsbury P, Baldwin A, Hillis SL, Christensen AJ. Health Beliefs Toward Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Patients Admitted to Chest Pain Observation Units. Acad Emerg Med. 2009;16(5):379-387.
    29. Konety BR, Raut H, Smith BJ, Sharp VJ, Williams RD. Effect of Uniform Consensus Recommendations for PCa Screening in Older Population: Differential Effects and Perceptions of Healthcare Providers and Patients. Urology. 2009;73(3):603-8; discussion 608-9.
    30. Kreiter CD, Bergus GR. The Validity of Performance-Based Measures of Clinical Reasoning and Alternative Approaches. Med Educ. 2009;43(4):320-325.
    31. Levy BT, Hartz AJ, Woodworth G, Xu Y, Sinift SD. Interventions to Improving Osteoporosis Screening: An Iowa Research Network (IRENE) Study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2009;22(4):360-367.
    32. McCool JJ, Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Xu Y. Multidisciplinary Reports of Nursing Home Mistreatment. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2009;10(3):174-180.
    33. Pallone SR, Bergus GR. Fertility Awareness-Based Methods: Another Option for Family Planning. J Am Board Fam Med. 2009;22(2):147-157.
    34. Philbrick AM, Ernst ME, McDanel DL, Ross MB, Moores KG. Metformin use in Renal Dysfunction: Is a Serum Creatinine Threshold Appropriate? Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2009;66(22):2017-2023.
    35. Smoot MK, Hosey RG. Pulmonary Infections in the Athlete. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2009;8(2):71-75.


    1. Anderson M, Hartz AJ, Nordin TA, Rosenbaum ME, Noyes R,Jr, James PA, Ely JW, Agarwal N, Anderson S. Community Physicians' Strategies for Patients with Medically Unexplained Symptoms. Fam Med. 2008;40(2):111-118.
    2. Bergstrom N, Smout R, Horn S, Spector W, Hartz AJ, Limcangco MR. Stage 2 Pressure Ulcer Healing in Nursing Homes. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008;56(7):1252-1258.
    3. Bergus GR. Balance Leads to Iowa's High Quality of Health Care. Iowa Family Physician. 2008;35:10-11.
    4. Bergus GR, Weber CA, Ernst ME, Ernst EJ. Do Antibiotics Affect the Quality of Life of Patients with Upper Respiratory Tract Illnesses? it might Depend on One's Luck. Int J Clin Pract. 2008;62(6):855-859.
    5. Borger JA, Neye N, Scutaru C, Kreiter CD, Puk C, Fischer TC, Groneberg-Kloft B. Models of Asthma: Density-Equalizing Mapping and Output Benchmarking. J Occup Med Toxicol. 2008;3 Suppl 1:S7.
    6. Carter BL. Preventing Thiazide-Induced Hyperglycemia: Opportunities for Clinical Pharmacists. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(12):1425-1428.
    7. Carter BL. Nonphysician Providers and the Management of Hypertension. In: Izzo JL,Jr, Sica DA, Black HR, eds. Hypertension Primer. 4th ed. American Heart Association; 2008:424-427.
    8. Carter BL, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, Farris KB, Doucette WR, Chrischilles EA, Hartz AJ. A Cluster Randomized Trial to Evaluate physician/pharmacist Collaboration to Improve Blood Pressure Control. J Clin Hypertens. 2008;10(4):260-271.
    9. Carter BL, Einhorn PT, Brands M, He J, Cutler JA, Whelton PK, Bakris GL, Brancati FL, Cushman WC, Oparil S, Wright JT,Jr, Working Group from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Thiazide-Induced Dysglycemia: Call for Research from a Working Group from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Hypertension. 2008;52(1):30-36.
    10. Carter BL, Farris KB, Abramowitz PW, Weetman DB, Kaboli PJ, Dawson JD, James PA, Christensen AJ, Brooks JM. The Iowa Continuity of Care Study: Background and Methods. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2008;65(17):1631-1642.
    11. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Albuterol Vs. Levalbuterol for Asthma Treatment in Children. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(9):1214-1216.
    12. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke with t-PA. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(7):901-903.
    13. Dachs RJ, Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A. The Role of Chest CT in Diagnosing Pulmonary Embolism. Am Fam Phys. 2008;78(5):554, 556.
    14. Dachs RJ, Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A. Does Limiting Interruptions during Cardiac Resuscitation Improve Outcomes? Am Fam Phys. 2008;78(7):804-807.
    15. Darby-Stewart A, Dachs RJ, Graber MA. Inhaled Steroid use and Asthma Control in Patients with Mild Persistent Asthma. Am Fam Phys. 2008;78(1):21-24.
    16. Ely JW, Hansen MR, Clark EC. Diagnosis of Ear Pain. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(5):621-628.
    17. Ernst ME, Grimm RH,Jr. Thiazide Diuretics: 50 Years and Beyond. Curr.Hypertens.Rev. 2008;4:256-265.
    18. Ernst ME, Weber CA, Dawson JD, O'Connor MA, Lin W, Carter BL, Bergus GR. How Well does a Shortened Time Interval Characterize Results of a Full Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring Session? J Clin Hypertens. 2008;10(6):431-435.
    19. Fravel MA, Ernst ME, Weber CA, Dawson JD, Carter BL, Bergus GR. Influence of Patient Characteristics on Success of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(11):1341-1347.
    20. Graber AD, Graber MA. Wetware, Game Theory, and the Golden Rule. Am J Bioeth. 2008;8(5):30-1; discussion W1-3.
    21. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Is Prasugrel More Effective than Clopidogrel in Patients with Acute Coronary Syndrome Scheduled for PCI? Am Fam Phys. 2008;78(11):1252-1253.
    22. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Is Unfractionated Heparin Equivalent to Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin for Venous Thromboembolism? Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(11):1492-1493.
    23. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. Aripiprazole as Adjunctive Therapy in Patients with Major Depressive Disorder. Am Fam Phys. 2008;78(3):308-311.
    24. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. The Story Behind the Study: Long-Term PPI Therapy and the Risk of Hip Fracture. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(3):277.
    25. Graber MA, Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A. The Story Behind the Study. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(5):586-589.
    26. Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A, Dachs RJ. Choosing First-Line Therapy for Management of Type 2 Diabetes. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(1):16-17.
    27. Graber MA, Darby-Stewart A, Dachs RJ. The Story Behind the Study: Choosing First-Line Therapy for Management of Type 2 Diabetes. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(1):16.
    28. Graber MA, Easton-Carr R. Poverty and Pain: Ethics and the Lack of Opioid Pain Medications in Fixed-Price, Low-Cost Prescription Plans. Ann Pharmacother. 2008;42(12):1913-1914.
    29. Graber MA, Randles BD, Ely JW, Monnahan J. Answering Clinical Questions in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2008;26(2):144-147.
    30. Groneberg-Kloft B, Kreiter CD, Welte T, Fischer A, Quarcoo D, Scutaru C. Interfield Dysbalances in Research Input and Output Benchmarking: Visualisation by Density Equalizing Procedures. Int J Health Geogr. 2008;7:48.
    31. Groneberg-Kloft B, Scutaru C, Kreiter CD, Kolzow S, Fischer A, Quarcoo D. Institutional Operating Figures in Basic and Applied Sciences: Scientometric Analysis of Quantitative Output Benchmarking. Health Res Policy Syst. 2008;6:6.
    32. Hagen SS, Shaikh MJ, Rosenbaum ME, Ephgrave KS. Are Students Learning what Faculty are Intending to Teach? J Surg Res. 2008;147(2):225-228.
    33. Hartz AJ, Green MD. Regulating Physician Expert Witness Testimony. JAMA. 2008;299(14):1667-8; author reply 1668.
    34. Hartz AJ, Rimm AA. Waist to Hip Ratio as a Supplement to Body Mass Index. Arch Int Med. 2008;168(2):237-8; author reply 238.
    35. Jaen CR, James PA, Association of Departments of Family Medicine. You have to be in to Win: Presenting Family Medicine's Perspective in NIH Scientific Reviews. Ann Fam Med. 2008;6(2):179-180.
    36. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM. County Government Resources Associated with Dependent-Adult Abuse Investigations in Iowa. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2008;20(3):251-264.
    37. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Hartz AJ. State Policies and Nursing Home Characteristics Associated with Rates of Resident Mistreatment. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2008;9(9):648-656.
    38. Kelly PA, Dyer CB, Pavlik V, Doody R, Jogerst GJ. Exploring Self-Neglect in Older Adults: Preliminary Findings of the Self-Neglect Severity Scale and Next Steps. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2008;56 Suppl 2:S253-60.
    39. Konety BR, Sharp VJ, Raut H, Williams RD. Screening and Management of Prostate Cancer in Elderly Men: The Iowa Prostate Cancer Consensus. Urology. 2008;71(3):511-514.
    40. Kreiter CD. A Comment on the Continuing Impact of Case Specificity. Med Educ. 2008;42(6):548-549.
    41. Levy BT, Joshi M, Xu Y, Daly JM, James PA. Perceptions of Iowa Family Physicians regarding Colorectal Cancer Screening. Med Care. 2008;46(9 Suppl 1):S103-8.
    42. Milchak JL, Carter BL, Ardery G, Dawson JD, Harmston M, Franciscus CL, Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation,and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Physician Adherence to Blood Pressure Guidelines and its Effect on Seniors Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(7):843-851.
    43. Park TR, Brooks JM, Chrischilles EA, Bergus GR. Estimating the Effect of Treatment Rate Changes when Treatment Benefits are Heterogeneous: Antibiotics and Otitis Media. Value Health. 2008;11(2):304-314.
    44. Petersen K, Rosenbaum ME, Kreiter CD, Thomas A, Vogelgesang SA, Lawry GV,2nd. A Randomized Controlled Study Comparing Educational Outcomes of Examination Room Versus Conference Room Staffing. Teach Learn Med. 2008;20(3):218-224.
    45. Rosenbaum ME, Ferguson KJ, Broderick A. Five-Year Experience: Reflective Writing in a Preclinical End-of-Life Care Curriculum. Perm J. 2008;12(2):36-41.
    46. Trewet CL, Ernst ME. Resistant Hypertension: Identifying Causes and Optimizing Treatment Regimens. South Med J. 2008;101(2):166-173.
    47. Von Muenster SJ, Carter BL, Weber CA, Ernst ME, Milchak JL, Steffensmeier JJ, Xu Y. Description of Pharmacist Interventions during Physician-Pharmacist Co-Management of Hypertension. Pharm World Sci. 2008;30(1):128-135.
    48. Weber CA, Leloux MR, Carter BL, Farris KB, Xu Y. Reduction in Adverse Symptoms as Blood Pressure Becomes Controlled. Pharmacotherapy. 2008;28(9):1104-1114.
    49. Weckmann MT. The Role of the Family Physician in the Referral and Management of Hospice Patients. Am Fam Phys. 2008;77(6):807-812.
    50. Wilbur J. Prostate Cancer Screening: The Continuing Controversy. Am Fam Phys. 2008;78(12):1377-1384.


    1. Allareddy V, Ward MM, Ely JW, Allareddy V, Levett J. Impact of Complications on Outcomes Following Aortic and Mitral Valve Replacements in the United States. J Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;48(3):349-357.
    2. Ardery G, Carter BL, Milchak JL, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, James PA, Franciscus CL, Kim Y. Explicit and Implicit Evaluation of Physician Adherence to Hypertension Guidelines. J Clin Hypertens. 2007;9(2):113-119.
    3. Ascione F, Bero L, Carter BL, Malone DC, Schommer J, Schumock G, Vermeulen L, Welage L. Institute of Medicine Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine Sectoral Strategy. Institute of Medicine; Health Professional Sector - Pharmacy Subsector. 2007.
    4. Asprey D, Hegmann T, Bergus GR. Comparision of Medical Student and Physician Assistant Student Scores Over Three Years of Standardized-Patient Assessments. J Physician Assistant Education. 2007;18(4):16-19.
    5. Bergus GR. Basic Sciences Education in the Medical Curriculum. Med Educ. 2007;41(4):427.
    6. Bergus GR, Kreiter CD. The Reliability of Summative Judgements Based on Objective Structured Clinical Examination Cases Distributed Across the Clinical Year. Med Educ. 2007;41(7):661-666.
    7. Brewer NT, Chapman GB, Schwartz JA, Bergus GR. The Influence of Irrelevant Anchors on the Judgments and Choices of Doctors and Patients. Med Decis Making. 2007;27(2):203-211.
    8. Brinig MF, Wilkinson ME, Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Stone EM. Vision Standards for Licensing and Driving. Optometry. 2007;78(9):439-445.
    9. Carter BL. Hypertension Disease Management Services. In: Black HR, Elliott WJ, eds. Hypertension: A Companion to Braunwald's Heart Disease. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2007:527-534.
    10. Carter BL, Sica DA. Strategies to Improve the Cardiovascular Risk Profile of Thiazide-Type Diuretics as used in the Management of Hypertension. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2007;6(5):583-594.
    11. Dachs RJ, Darby-Stewart A, Graber MA. Choosing One PPI Treatment Over another. Am Fam Phys. 2007;76(9):1273-1274.
    12. Daly JM, Hartz AJ. Perspectives of Family Medicine Physicians and Licensed Acupuncture Clinicians on Caring for Persons with Unexplained Chronic Fatigue. JEBCAM. 2007;12(3):196-202.
    13. Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Stromquist AM, Peek-Asa C, Jogerst GJ. Self-Reported Elder Domestic Partner Violence in One Rural Iowa County. J.Emot.Abuse. 2007;7(4):115-134.
    14. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Nursing Home Abuse Report and Investigation Legislation. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2007;19(3-4):119-131.
    15. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Schmuch GA. APS Participatory Network Case Study Review. Soc Work Health Care. 2007;46(1):21-36.
    16. Dee FR, Donnelly A, Radio S, Leaven TC, Zaleski MS, Kreiter CD. Utility of 2-D and 3-D Virtual Microscopy in Cervical Cytology Education and Testing. Acta Cytologica. 2007;51(4):523-529.
    17. Dickerson LM, Kraus C, Kuo GM, Weber CA, Bazaldua OV, Tovar JM, Hume AL, Ives TJ, Gums JG, Carter BL. Formation of a Primary Care Pharmacist Practice-Based Research Network. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2007;64(19):2044-2049.
    18. Easton RB, Graber MA, Monnahan J, Hughes J. Defining the Scope of Implied Consent in the Emergency Department. Am J Bioeth. 2007;7(12):35-38.
    19. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Maviglia SM, Rosenbaum ME. Patient-Care Questions that Physicians are Unable to Answer. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2007;14(4):407-414.
    20. Ferguson KJ, Kreiter CD. Assessing the Relationship between Peer and Facilitator Evaluations in Case-Based Learning. Med Educ. 2007;41(9):906-908.
    21. Forsythe CT, Ernst ME. Do Fluoroquinolones Commonly Cause Arthropathy in Children? CJEM. 2007;9(6):459-462.
    22. Gonzalez U, Seaton T, Bergus GR, Jacobson J, Martinez-Monzon C. Systemic Antifungal Therapy for Tinea Capitis in Children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007;(4)(4):CD004685.
    23. Graber MA. Identifying and Treating the Methamphetamine Abuser. Emerg Med. 2007;39(4):12-16+47.
    24. Graber MA, Easton RB. Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Defining the Scope of Implied Consent in the Emergency Department". Am J Bioeth. 2007;7(12):W3-W4.
    25. Graber MA, Randles BD, Monnahan J, Ely JW, Jennissen C, Peters B, Anderson D. What Questions about Patient Care do Physicians have during and After Patient Contact in the ED? the Taxonomy of Gaps in Physician Knowledge. Emerg Med J. 2007;24(10):703-706.
    26. Hartz AJ, Daly JM, Kohatsu ND, Stromquist AM, Jogerst GJ, Kukoyi OA. Risk Factors for Insomnia in a Rural Population. Ann Epidemiol. 2007;17(12):940-947.
    27. Hollinrake E, Abreu A, Maifeld M, Van Voorhis BJ, Dokras A. Increased Risk of Depressive Disorders in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Fertil Steril. 2007;87(6):1369-1376.
    28. Hoth AB, Carter BL, Ness J, Bhattacharyya A, Shorr RI, Rosenthal GE, Kaboli PJ. Development and Reliability Testing of the Clinical Pharmacist Recommendation Taxonomy. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(5):639-646.
    29. James PA, Li P, Ward MM. Myocardial Infarction Mortality in Rural and Urban Hospitals: Rethinking Measures of Quality of Care. Ann Fam Med. 2007;5(2):105-111.
    30. Kaboli PJ, Shivapour DM, Henderson MS, Barnett MJ, Ishani A, Carter BL. Patient and Provider Perceptions of Hypertension Treatment: Do they Agree? J Clin Hypertens. 2007;9(6):416-423.
    31. Kreiter CD. A Commentary on the use of Cut-Scores to Increase the Emphasis of Non-Cognitive Variables in Medical School Admissions. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2007;12(3):315-319.
    32. Kreiter CD, Bergus GR. Case Specificity: Empirical Phenomenon Or Measurement Artifact? Teach Learn Med. 2007;19(4):378-381.
    33. Kreiter CD, Kreiter Y. A Validity Generalization Perspective on the Ability of Undergraduate GPA and the Medical College Admission Test to Predict Important Outcomes. Teach Learn Med. 2007;19(2):95-100.
    34. Levy BT, Nordin TA, Sinift SD, Rosenbaum ME, James PA. Why Hasn't this Patient been Screened for Colon Cancer? an Iowa Research Network Study. J Am Board Fam Med. 2007;20(5):458-468.
    35. Olshansky B, Day JD, Moore S, Gering L, Rosenbaum ME, McGuire M, Brown S, Lerew DR. Is Dual-Chamber Programming Inferior to Single-Chamber Programming in an Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator? Results of the INTRINSIC RV (Inhibition of Unnecessary RV Pacing with AVSH in ICDs) Study. Circulation. 2007;115(1):9-16.
    36. Philbrick AM, Ernst ME. Amoxicillin-Associated Hemorrhagic Colitis in the Presence of Klebsiella Oxytoca. Pharmacotherapy. 2007;27(11):1603-1607.
    37. Roberts LL, Ely JW, Ward MM. Factors Contributing to Maternal Birth-Related Trauma. Am J Med Qual. 2007;22(5):334-343.
    38. Rosenbaum ME, Schwabbauer M, Kreiter CD, Ferguson KJ. Medical Students' Perceptions of Emerging Learning Communities at One Medical School. Acad Med. 2007;82(5):508-515.
    39. Smith CD, Walton A, Slevin JT, Gerhardt GA, Umberger G, Smoot MK, Schulze E, Gash D. Validation Studies of the Human Movement Analysis Panel for hand/arm Performance. J Neurosci Methods. 2007;165(2):287-296.
    40. Sniezek PJ, Walling HW, DeBloom JR,3rd, Messingham MJ, VanBeek MJ, Kreiter CD, Whitaker DC, Arpey CJ. A Randomized Controlled Trial of High-Viscosity 2-Octyl Cyanoacrylate Tissue Adhesive Versus Sutures in Repairing Facial Wounds Following Mohs Micrographic Surgery. Dermatol Surg. 2007;33(8):966-971.
    41. Stansfield RB, Kreiter CD. Conditional Reliability of Admissions Interview Ratings: Extreme Ratings are the most Informative. Med Educ. 2007;41(1):32-38.
    42. Turvey CL, Willyard D, Hickman DH, Klein DM, Kukoyi OA. Telehealth Screen for Depression in a Chronic Illness Care Management Program. Telemed J E Health. 2007;13(1):51-56.
    43. van Zuuren EJ, Gupta AK, Gover MD, Graber MA, Hollis S. Systematic Review of Rosacea Treatments. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2007;56(1):107-115.
    44. Wakefield BJ, Tripp-Reimer T, Rosenbaum ME, Rosenthal GE. Veterans' use of Department of Veterans Affairs Care and Perceptions of Outsourcing Inpatient Care. Mil Med. 2007;172(6):565-571.
    45. Weber CA, Wood HM, Ernst ME. The Effects of Androstenedione Supplementation on Serum Gonadal Hormones in Men. J Pharm Technol. 2007;23:349-355.
    46. Yu H, Lee M, Kaufman D, Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Hripcsak G, Cimino JJ. Development, Implementation, and a Cognitive Evaluation of a Definitional Question Answering System for Physicians. J Biomed Inform. 2007;40(3):236-251.


    1. Adam R, Graber MA. A Quick Update in Advanced Cardiac Life Support. JAAPA. 2006;19(5):21-22.
    2. Bergus GR, Emerson M. Asking to Learn: A Study of Performance Outcomes for Program Improvement. ACGME Bulletin. 2006;April:30-33.
    3. Bergus GR, Emerson M, Reed DA, Attaluri A. Email Teleconsultations: Well Formulated Clinical Referrals Reduce the Need for Clinic Consultation. J Telemed Telecare. 2006;12(1):33-38.
    4. Bergus GR, Kreiter CD, Woodhead JC, Lawrence J, Franklin E. Using Infant Mannequins in Objective Standardized Clinical Examinations: Are there Unintended Consequences? Ambul Pediatr. 2006;6(4):235-238.
    5. Bergus GR, Thomas K, Kaufman L, Woodhead JC. Scoring an Improvement in Medical Students' Clinical Notes. Med Educ. 2006;40(5):479-480.
    6. Brinig MF, Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Dawson JD, Schmuch GA. Law-Making by Public Welfare Professionals. Whittier Journal of Child and Family Advocacy. 2006;5(1):57-86.
    7. Buresh CT, Graber MA. Unusual Causes of Recurrent Abdominal Pain. Emerg Med. 2006;38(5):11-18.
    8. Buri HM, Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Jogerst GJ. Factors Associated with Self-Reported Elder Mistreatment in Iowa's Frailest Elders. Research on Aging. 2006;28(5):562-581.
    9. Butani Y, Hartz AJ, Levy SM, Watkins CA, Kanellis MJ, Nowak AJ. Assessment of the Quality of Reporting Observational Studies in the Pediatric Dental Literature. Pediatr Dent. 2006;28(1):66-71.
    10. Carter BL. Adherence to Hypertension Treatments. In: O'Donohue WT, Levensky ER, eds. Promoting Treatment Adherence : A Practical Handbook for Health Care Providers. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications; 2006.
    11. Carter BL. Antihypertensive Prescribing: Do we have Reason to Celebrate? Hypertension. 2006;48(5):816-817.
    12. Carter BL, Hartz AJ, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, Doucette WR, Stewart JJ, Xu Y. Relationship between Physician Knowledge of Hypertension and Blood Pressure Control. J Clin Hypertens. 2006;8(7):481-486.
    13. Clark MK, Sowers MR, Levy BT, Nichols S. Bone Mineral Density Loss and Recovery during 48 Months in First-Time Users of Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate. Fertil Steril. 2006;86(5):1466-1474.
    14. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Nursing Home Statutes: Mistreatment Definitions. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2006;18(1):19-39.
    15. Didier T, Kreiter CD, Buri R, Solow CM. Investigating the Utility of a GPA Institutional Adjustment Index. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2006;11(2):145-153.
    16. Ely JW, Kennedy CM, Clark EC, Bowdler NC. Abnormal Uterine Bleeding: A Management Algorithm. J Am Board Fam Med. 2006;19(6):590-602.
    17. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Chambliss ML, Ebell MH. Approach to Leg Edema of Unclear Etiology. J Am Board Fam Med. 2006;19(2):148-160.
    18. Ernst ME, Carter BL, Goerdt CJ, Steffensmeier JJ, Phillips BB, Zimmerman MB, Bergus GR. Comparative Antihypertensive Effects of Hydrochlorothiazide and Chlorthalidone on Ambulatory and Office Blood Pressure. Hypertension. 2006;47(3):352-358.
    19. Fisher M, Schmuch GA. Survey of LGBT Issues in Long Term Care Results Reported. Iowa Update, NASW Iowa Chapter Newsletter. 2006;31(8).
    20. Garwood CL, Van Schepen KA, McDonough RP, Sullivan AL. Increased Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone Levels Associated with Concomitant Administration of Levothyroxine and Raloxifene. Pharmacotherapy. 2006;26(6):881-885.
    21. Graber MA. "can I have that Drug I Saw on TV?" Justice, Cost-Effectiveness, and the Ethics of Prescribing. JAAPA. 2006;19(7):48-49.
    22. Graber MA, Michel C. Your Next Patient may be Abusing Prescription Drugs: Here's what to do. ED Nurs. 2006;9(12).
    23. Han JJ, Kreiter CD, Park H, Ferguson KJ. An Experimental Comparison of Rater Performance on an SP-Based Clinical Skills Exam. Teach Learn Med. 2006;18(4):304-309.
    24. Hartz AJ, Green MD, Yoho R, Lee HC. A New Tool for Assessing Standard of Care in Medical Malpractice Cases. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006;117(5):1632-1637.
    25. Hartz AJ, James PA. A Systematic Review of Studies Comparing Myocardial Infarction Mortality for Generalists and Specialists: Lessons for Research and Health Policy. J Am Board Fam Med. 2006;19(3):291-302.
    26. Hartz AJ, Kent S, James PA, Xu Y, Kelly MW, Daly JM. Factors that Influence Improvement for Patients with Poorly Controlled Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2006;74(3):227-232.
    27. Jogerst GJ. Late Life Depression. Russian Family Doctor (St. Petersburg: Medical Academy of Postgraduate Studies Press). 2006;1:10-20.
    28. Jogerst GJ. Geriatric Assessment is Not just for Geriatricians. Adv.Gerontol. 2006;19:120-128.
    29. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Dawson JD, Peek-Asa C, Schmuch GA. Iowa Nursing Home Characteristics Associated with Reported Abuse. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2006;7(4):203-207.
    30. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Hesli V, Saha C. Comparison of Health and Effective Functioning in Russia and the United States. Clin Interv Aging. 2006;1(2):189-196.
    31. Konety BR, Sharp VJ, Verma M, Williams RD, Iowa Prostate Cancer Consensus Panel. Practice Patterns in Screening and Management of Prostate Cancer in Elderly Men. Urology. 2006;68(5):1051-1056.
    32. Kreiter CD, Solow CM, Brennan RL, Yin P, Ferguson KJ, Huebner K. Examining the Influence of using Same Versus Different Questions on the Reliability of the Medical School Preadmission Interview. Teach Learn Med. 2006;18(1):4-8.
    33. Kukoyi OA, Wilbur J, Graber MA, House HR. Case Studies in Cultural Competency. In: Satcher D, Pamies RJ, Woelfl NN, eds. Multicultural Medicine and Health Disparities. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2006:389-403.
    34. Lee M, Cimino JJ, Zhu HR, Sable C, Shanker V, Ely JW, Yu H. Beyond Information Retrieval--Medical Question Answering. AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2006:469-473.
    35. Levy BT, Dawson JD, Hartz AJ, James PA. Colorectal Cancer Testing among Patients Cared for by Iowa Family Physicians. Am J Prev Med. 2006;31(3):193-201.
    36. Milchak JL, Carter BL, Ardery G, Black HR, Bakris GL, Jones DW, Kreiter CD. Development of Explicit Criteria to Measure Adherence to Hypertension Guidelines. J Hum Hypertens. 2006;20(6):426-433.
    37. Nordin TA, Hartz AJ, Noyes R,Jr, Anderson MC, Rosenbaum ME, James PA, Ely JW, Agarwal N, Levy BT. Empirically Identified Goals for the Management of Unexplained Symptoms. Fam Med. 2006;38(7):476-482.
    38. Rosenbaum ME, Ferguson KJ. Using Patient-Generated Cases to Teach Students Skills in Responding to Patients' Emotions. Med Teach. 2006;28(2):180-182.
    39. Rosenbaum ME, Lenoch S, Ferguson KJ. Increasing Departmental and College-Wide Faculty Development Opportunities through a Teaching Scholars Program. Acad Med. 2006;81(11):965-968.
    40. Sharp VJ, Bradley CS, Kreder KJ. Incontinence Surgery in the Older Woman. Curr Opin Urol. 2006;16(4):224-228.
    41. Steffensmeier JJ, Ernst ME, Kelly MW, Hartz AJ. Do Randomized Controlled Trials always Trump Case Reports? A Second Look at Propranolol and Depression. Pharmacotherapy. 2006;26(2):162-167.
    42. Weber CA, Ernst ME. Antioxidants, Supplements, and Parkinson's Disease. Ann Pharmacother. 2006;40(5):935-938.
    43. Wood HM, Ernst ME. Renin-Angiotensin System Mediators and Raynaud's Phenomenon. Ann Pharmacother. 2006;40(11):1998-2002.
    44. Zillich AJ, Garg J, Basu S, Bakris GL, Carter BL. Thiazide Diuretics, Potassium, and the Development of Diabetes: A Quantitative Review. Hypertension. 2006;48(2):219-224.
    45. Zillich AJ, Milchak JL, Carter BL, Doucette WR. Utility of a Questionnaire to Measure Physician-Pharmacist Collaborative Relationships. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2006;46(4):453-458.


    1. Abreu A, Stuart S. Pharmacologic and Hormonal Treatments for Postpartum Depression. Psychiatric Annuals. 2005;35(7):569-576.
    2. Bentler SE, Hartz AJ, Kuhn EM. Prospective Observational Study of Treatments for Unexplained Chronic Fatigue. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005;66(5):625-632.
    3. Bergus GR, Emerson M. Family Medicine Residents do Not Ask Better-Formulated Clinical Questions as they Advance in their Training. Fam Med. 2005;37(7):486-490.
    4. Bergus GR, Hartz AJ, Noyes R,Jr, Ward MM, James PA, Vaughn T, Kelley PL, Sinift SD, Bentler SE, Tilman E. The Limited Effect of Screening for Depressive Symptoms with the PHQ-9 in Rural Family Practices. J Rural Health. 2005;21(4):303-309.
    5. Bland AC, Kreiter CD, Gordon JA. The Psychometric Properties of Five Scoring Methods Applied to the Script Concordance Test. Acad Med. 2005;80(4):395-399.
    6. Butani Y, Levy SM, Nowak AJ, Kanellis MJ, Heller K, Hartz AJ, Dawson DV, Watkins CA. Overview of the Evidence for Clinical Interventions in Pediatric Dentistry. Pediatr Dent. 2005;27(1):6-11.
    7. Carter BL. Antihypertensive Drug Interactions. Drugs Today (Barc). 2005;41(1):55-63.
    8. Carter BL, Basile JN. Development of Diabetes with Thiazide Diuretics: The Potassium Issue. J Clin Hypertens. 2005;7(11):638-640.
    9. Clark EC, Yawn BP, Galliher JM, Temte JL, Hickner J. Hepatitis C Identification and Management by Family Physicians. Fam Med. 2005;37(9):644-649.
    10. Daly JM. Retaining Nursing Home Staff. ElderCare. 2005;5(2):3-4.
    11. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Readability and Content of Elder Abuse Instruments. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2005;17(4):31-52.
    12. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Definitions and Indicators of Elder Abuse: A Delphi Survey of APS Caseworkers. J Elder Abuse Negl. 2005;17(1):1-19.
    13. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Association of Knowledge of Adult Protective Services Legislation with Rates of Reporting of Abuse in Iowa Nursing Homes. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2005;6(2):113-120.
    14. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Haigh KM, Leeney JL, Dawson JD. APS Workers Job Requirements Associated with Elder Abuse Rates. Soc Work Health Care. 2005;40(3):89-102.
    15. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Park JY, Kang YD, Bae T. A Nursing Home Telehealth System: Keeping Residents Connected. J Gerontol Nurs. 2005;31(8):46-51.
    16. Donham KJ, Wheat JR, Simpson W,Jr, James PA. What's in a Name? Revisited: Terms used to Describe Activities Related to the Health and Safety of Agricultural-Associated Populations and Consumer. J Agromed. 2005;10(1):5-11.
    17. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Chambliss ML, Ebell MH, Rosenbaum ME. Answering Physicians' Clinical Questions: Obstacles and Potential Solutions. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2005;12(2):217-224.
    18. Ernst EJ, Ernst ME, Hoehns JD, Bergus GR. Women's Quality of Life is Decreased by Acute Cystitis and Antibiotic Adverse Effects Associated with Treatment. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2005;3:45.
    19. Graber MA, Hartz AJ, James PA, Nugent A, Green MD. An Alternative Method of Determining Standard of Care in Alleged Cases of Malpractice. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2005;18(6):453-458.
    20. Graber MA, Tansey JF. Autonomy, Consent, and Limiting Healthcare Costs. J Med Ethics. 2005;31(7):424-426.
    21. Graber MA, Wyatt CM, Kasparek L, Xu Y. Does Simulator Training for Medical Students Change Patient Opinions and Attitudes Toward Medical Student Procedures in the Emergency Department? Acad Emerg Med. 2005;12(7):635-639.
    22. Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Charlton ME, Lanska DJ, Butani Y, Soomro GM, Benson K. Assessing Observational Studies of Medical Treatments. Emerg Themes Epidemiol. 2005;2:8.
    23. Hartz AJ, Watson D, Noyes R,Jr. Applied Study of Affinities for Personal Attributes using an Epidemiological Model. Soc.Behav.Personal. 2005;33(7):635-650.
    24. Hong L, Levy SM, Warren JJ, Dawson DV, Bergus GR, Wefel JS. Association of Amoxicillin use during Early Childhood with Developmental Tooth Enamel Defects. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2005;159(10):943-948.
    25. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Brinig MF, Bibas S. Association between Statutory Penalties and Domestic Elder Abuse Investigations. J.Crime Just. 2005;28(2):51-69.
    26. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Hartz AJ. Ombudsman Program Characteristics Related to Nursing Home Abuse Reporting. J Gerontol Soc Work. 2005;46(1):85-98.
    27. Kreiter CD, Lakshman V. Investigating the use of Sampling for Maximising the Efficiency of Student-Generated Faculty Teaching Evaluations. Med Educ. 2005;39(2):171-175.
    28. Kukoyi OA. Of Horses and Zebras: Offering Psychiatric Consults in Emergency Room Settings. Prim Psychiatry. 2005;12(6):55-57.
    29. Kukoyi OA, Argo TR, Carnahan RM. Exacerbation of Panic Disorder with Rifampin Therapy in a Patient Receiving Citalopram. Pharmacotherapy. 2005;25(3):435-437.
    30. Lee D, Sharp VJ, Konety BR. Use of Bipolar Power Source for Transurethral Resection of Bladder Tumor in Patient with Implanted Pacemaker. Urology. 2005;66(1):194.
    31. Levy BT, James PA, Hartz AJ, Dawson JD. CRC screening among patients attending rural family physician practices: Improving colorectal cancer screening delivery, utilization, and outcomes. (abstract). paper presented at: The state of the science, national cancer institute. gaithersburg, MD. apr 11-12, 2005.
    32. Levy BT, Merchant ML. Factors Associated with Higher Clinical Skills Experience of Medical Students on a Family Medicine Preceptorship. Fam Med. 2005;37(5):332-340.
    33. McGaghie WC, Kreiter CD. Holistic Versus Actuarial Student Selection. Teach Learn Med. 2005;17(1):89-91.
    34. Oswald RA, Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Bentler SE. Iowa Family Physician's Reporting of Elder Abuse. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2005;16(2):75-88.
    35. Rosenbaum ME, Ferguson KJ, Herwaldt LA. In their Own Words: Presenting the Patient's Perspective using Research-Based Theatre. Med Educ. 2005;39(6):622-631.
    36. Rosenbaum ME, Ferguson KJ, Kreiter CD, Johnson CA. Using a Peer Evaluation System to Assess Faculty Performance and Competence. Fam Med. 2005;37(6):429-433.
    37. Rosenbaum ME, Lenoch S, Ferguson KJ. Outcomes of a Teaching Scholars Program to Promote Leadership in Faculty Development. Teach Learn Med. 2005;17(3):247-252.
    38. Rosenbaum ME, Lobas JG, Ferguson KJ. Using Reflection Activities to Enhance Teaching about End-of-Life Care. J Palliat Med. 2005;8(6):1186-1195.
    39. Rosenthal TC, Hobbs J, James PA, Newton W, Association of Departments of Family Medicine. The Current Status of Medical Student Education in Family Medicine. Ann Fam Med. 2005;3(6):559-560.
    40. Schneider RH, Alexander CN, Staggers F, Rainforth M, Salerno JW, Hartz AJ, Arndt S, Barnes VA, Nidich SI. Long-Term Effects of Stress Reduction on Mortality in Persons > Or = 55 Years of Age with Systemic Hypertension. Am J Cardiol. 2005;95(9):1060-1064.
    41. Shunkwiler SM, Broderick A, Stansfield RB, Rosenbaum ME. Pilot of a Hospice-Based Elective to Learn Comfort with Dying Patients in Undergraduate Medical Education. J Palliat Med. 2005;8(2):344-353.
    42. van Zuuren EJ, Graber MA. The Rigor of Trials Evaluating Rosacea Treatments. Cutis. 2005;75(3 Suppl):13-6; discussion 33-6.
    43. van Zuuren EJ, Graber MA, Hollis S, Chaudhry M, Gupta AK, Gover MD. Interventions for Rosacea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2005;(3)(3):CD003262.
    44. Wilbur J, James PA. Diagnosis and Management of Heart Failure in the Outpatient Setting. Prim Care. 2005;32(4):1115-29, ix.
    45. Zillich AJ, Doucette WR, Carter BL, Kreiter CD. Development and Initial Validation of an Instrument to Measure Physician-Pharmacist Collaboration from the Physician Perspective. Value Health. 2005;8(1):59-66.
    46. Zillich AJ, Sutherland JM, Kumbera PA, Carter BL. Hypertension Outcomes through Blood Pressure Monitoring and Evaluation by Pharmacists (HOME Study). J Gen Intern Med. 2005;20(12):1091-1096.


    1. Asprey D, Dehn R, Kreiter CD. The Impact of Program Characteristics on the Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination Scores. Perspect.Physician Assist.Educ. 2004;15(1):33-37.
    2. Asprey D, Dehn R, Kreiter CD. The Impact of Age and Gender on the Physician Assistant National Certifying Examination Scores and Pass Rates. Perspect.Physician Assist.Educ. 2004;15(1):38-41.
    3. Bergus GR, Vogelgesang SA, Tansey JF, Franklin E, Feld R. Appraising and Applying Evidence about a Diagnostic Test during a Performance-Based Assessment. BMC Med Educ. 2004;4:20.
    4. Bicket DP, Hogan RA, Morse LJ, Watts C, Hall MA, Green MD, Hartz AJ, Fleming M, Merenstein D. Evidence-Based Medicine on Trial [3] (Multiple Letters). J Am Med Assoc. 2004;291(14):1696-1698.
    5. Brinig MF, Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Schmuch GA, Dawson JD. The Public Choice of Elder Abuse Law. Journal of Legal Studies. 2004;33(2):517-549.
    6. Carter BL. Implementing the New Guidelines for Hypertension: JNC 7, ADA, WHO-ISH. J Manag Care Pharm. 2004;10(5 Suppl A):S18-25.
    7. Carter BL, Ernst ME, Cohen JD. Hydrochlorothiazide Versus Chlorthalidone: Evidence Supporting their Interchangeability. Hypertension. 2004;43(1):4-9.
    8. Carter BL, Lund BC, Hayase N, Chrischilles EA. A Longitudinal Analysis of Antihypertensive Drug Interactions in a Medicaid Population. Am J Hypertens. 2004;17(5 Pt 1):421-427.
    9. Chou R, Clark EC, Helfand M, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for Hepatitis C Virus Infection: A Review of the Evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Int Med. 2004;140(6):465-479.
    10. Chrischilles EA, Carter BL, Lund BC, Rubenstein LM, Chen-Hardee SS, Voelker MD, Park TR, Kuehl AK. Evaluation of the Iowa Medicaid Pharmaceutical Case Management Program. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2004;44(3):337-349.
    11. Clark MK, Sowers MR, Nichols S, Levy BT. Bone Mineral Density Changes Over Two Years in First-Time Users of Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate. Fertil Steril. 2004;82(6):1580-1586.
    12. D'Alessandro DM, Kreiter CD, Kinzer SL, Peterson MW. A Randomized Controlled Trial of an Information Prescription for Pediatric Patient Education on the Internet. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004;158(9):857-862.
    13. D'Alessandro DM, Kreiter CD, Peterson MW. An Evaluation of Information-Seeking Behaviors of General Pediatricians. Pediatrics. 2004;113(1 Pt 1):64-69.
    14. D'Alessandro DM, Kreiter CD, Peterson MW, Kingsley P, Johnson-West J. An Analysis of Patient Care Questions Asked by Pediatricians at an Academic Medical Center. Ambul Pediatr. 2004;4(1):18-23.
    15. De Sloover Koch Y, Ernst ME. Selective Serotonin-Reuptake Inhibitors for the Treatment of Hot Flashes. Ann Pharmacother. 2004;38(7-8):1293-1296.
    16. Ernst ME. Ropinirole for the Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. CNS Drugs. 2004;18:755.
    17. Ernst ME, Messmer PR, Franco M, Gonzalez JL. Nurses' Job Satisfaction, Stress, and Recognition in a Pediatric Setting Setting. Pediatr Nurs. 2004;30(3):219-227.
    18. Ferguson KJ, Kreiter CD. Using a Longitudinal Database to Assess the Validity of Preceptors' Ratings of Clerkship Performance. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2004;9(1):39-46.
    19. Hall MA, Green MD, Hartz AJ. Evidence-Based Medicine on Trial. JAMA. 2004;291(14):1697; author reply 1698.
    20. Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Noyes R,Jr, Hoehns JD, Logemann CD, Sinift SD, Butani Y, Wang W, Brake KA, Ernst ME, Kautzman HA. Randomized Controlled Trial of Siberian Ginseng for Chronic Fatigue. Psychol Med. 2004;34(1):51-61.
    21. Hong L, Levy SM, Warren JJ, Bergus GR, Dawson DV, Wefel JS, Broffitt B. Primary Tooth Fluorosis and Amoxicillin use during Infancy. J Public Health Dent. 2004;64(1):38-44.
    22. Jogerst GJ. Elder Mistreatment. Precis: Primary and Preventive Care. 2004:122-124.
    23. Jogerst GJ, Brady MJ, Dyer CB. Elder Abuse and the Law: New Science, New Tools. J Law Med Ethics. 2004;32(4 Suppl):62-63.
    24. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM. Adult Protective Services in the United States. Journal of the Korean Academy of Family Medicine. 2004;25(4):279-286.
    25. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Dawson JD, Brinig MF, Schmuch GA. Required Elder Abuse Education for Iowa Mandatory Reporters. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2004;15(1):59-73.
    26. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Dawson JD, Brinig MF, Schmuch GA, Peek-Asa C. Impact of APS Investigative Structure on Country Reported Domestic Elder Abuse. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2004;16(3):1-17.
    27. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Koll SS, Hildreth LS. Public Forums to Advance Dependent Adult Abuse Policy. Soc Work Health Care. 2004;40(2):89-102.
    28. Kolker JL, Damiano PC, Armstrong SR, Bentler SE, Flach SD, Caplan DJ, Warren JJ, Kuthy RA, Dawson DV, Jones MP. Natural History of Treatment Outcomes for Teeth with Large Amalgam and Crown Restorations. Oper Dent. 2004;29(6):614-622.
    29. Kreiter CD, Gordon JA, Elliott ST, Callaway MR. Recommendations for Assigning Weights to Component Tests to Derive an overall Grade. Teach Learn Med. 2004;16(2):133-138.
    30. Kreiter CD, Yin P, Solow CM, Brennan RL. Investigating the Reliability of the Medical School Admissions Interview. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 2004;9(2):147-159.
    31. Levy BT, Hartz AJ, James PA. Exercise Capacity and the Risk of Death in Women. Circulation. 2004;109(20):e224; author reply e224.
    32. Milchak JL, Carter BL, James PA, Ardery G. Measuring Adherence to Practice Guidelines for the Management of Hypertension: An Evaluation of the Literature. Hypertension. 2004;44(5):602-608.
    33. Noyes R,Jr, Woodman CL, Bodkin JA, Yagla SJ. Hypochondriacal Concerns in Panic Disorder and Major Depressive Disorder: A Comparison. Int J Psychiatry Med. 2004;34(2):143-154.
    34. Peterson MW, Gordon JA, Elliott ST, Kreiter CD. Computer-Based Testing: Initial Report of Extensive use in a Medical School Curriculum. Teach Learn Med. 2004;16(1):51-59.
    35. Peterson MW, Rowat JA, Kreiter CD, Mandel J. Medical Students' use of Information Resources: Is the Digital Age Dawning? Acad Med. 2004;79(1):89-95.
    36. Rosenbaum ME, Ferguson KJ, Lobas JG. Teaching Medical Students and Residents Skills for Delivering Bad News: A Review of Strategies. Acad Med. 2004;79(2):107-117.
    37. Schwartz JA, Chapman GB, Brewer NT, Bergus GR. The Effects of Accountability on Bias in Physician Decision Making: Going from Bad to Worse. Psychon B Rev. 2004;11(1):173-8.
    38. Swegle JM, Kelly MW. Tibolone: A Unique Version of Hormone Replacement Therapy. Ann Pharmacother. 2004;38(5):874-881.
    39. van Zuuren EJ, Graber MA, Hollis S, Chaudhry M, Gupta AK. Interventions for Rosacea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2004;(1)(1):CD003262.
    40. Waack KE, Ernst ME, Graber MA. Informational Content of Official Pharmaceutical Industry Web Sites about Treatments for Erectile Dysfunction. Ann Pharmacother. 2004;38(12):2029-2034.
    41. Weissman AM, Hartz AJ, Hansen MD, Johnson SR. The Natural History of Primary Dysmenorrhoea: A Longitudinal Study. BJOG. 2004;111(4):345-352.
    42. Weissman AM, Levy BT, Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Donohue M, Ellingrod VL, Wisner KL. Pooled Analysis of Antidepressant Levels in Lactating Mothers, Breast Milk, and Nursing Infants. Am J Psychiatry. 2004;161(6):1066-1078.
    43. Willemsen-Dunlap A, Kreiter CD, Thompson E. Documenting Competence using an Anesthesia Simulator. Educacion Medica. 2004;7(3):9.
    44. Zillich AJ, McDonough RP, Carter BL, Doucette WR. Influential Characteristics of physician/pharmacist Collaborative Relationships. Ann Pharmacother. 2004;38(5):764-770.


    1. Armstrong J, Graber MA. B-Natriuretic Peptide in the Management of Heart Failure. JAAPA. 2003;16(6):35-9, 44.
    2. Carter BL. Hypertension: A Review of Therapeutic Options. P&T Digest. 2003;12:34-44.
    3. Carter BL. How Pharmacists can Assist Physicians with Controlling Blood Pressure. J Clin Hypertension. 2003;5:31-37.
    4. Carter BL. Hypertension: A Review of Therapeutic Options. Manag Care. 2003;12(8 Suppl Hypertension):34-44.
    5. Carter BL, Chrischilles EA, Scholz D, Hayase N. The Extent of Services Provided by Pharmacists in the Iowa Pharmaceutical Case Management Study. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43:24-33.
    6. Carter BL, Chrischilles EA, Scholz D, Hayase N, Bell N. Extent of Services Provided by Pharmacists in the Iowa Medicaid Pharmaceutical Case Management Program. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43(1):24-33.
    7. Carter BL, Zillich AJ. Pharmaceutical Care Services for Patients with Hypertension. Ann Pharmacother. 2003;37(9):1335-1337.
    8. Carter BL, Zillich AJ, Elliott WJ. How Pharmacists can Assist Physicians with Controlling Blood Pressure. J Clin Hypertens. 2003;5(1):31-37.
    9. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL,Jr, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT,Jr, Roccella EJ, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation,and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee, Carter BL. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: The JNC 7 Report. JAMA. 2003;289(19):2560-2572.
    10. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL,Jr, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT,Jr, Roccella EJ, National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee, Carter BL. The Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: The JNC 7 Report. JAMA. 2003;289:2560-2572.
    11. Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL,Jr, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT,Jr, Roccella EJ, NHLBI Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation,and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee, Carter BL. Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension. 2003;42(6):1206-1252.
    12. Chobanian AV, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL,Jr, Jones DW, Materson BJ, Oparil S, Wright JT,Jr, Roccella EJ, National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee, Carter BL. Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure: The JNC 7 Long Version. Hypertension. 2003;42:1206-1252.
    13. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Statute Definitions of Elder Abuse. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2003;13(4):39-57.
    14. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Caveats for Consideration when Reviewing 2000 Survey of State APS. Wordbridges Adult Abuse Review. 2003;2(6-7):3-18.
    15. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Brinig MF, Dawson JD. Mandatory Reporting: Relationship of APS Statute Language on State Reported Elder Abuse. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2003;15(2):1-21.
    16. Ernst ME, Bergus GR. Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring. Southern Medical Journal. 2003;96(6):563-568.
    17. Ernst ME, Bergus GR. Favorable Patient Acceptance of Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring in a Primary Care Setting in the United States: A Cross-Sectional Survey. BMC Fam Pract. 2003;4:15.
    18. Ernst ME, Bergus GR. Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Technology with a Purpose. Am Fam Phys. 2003;67(11):2262, 2268, 2270-2270.
    19. Ernst ME, Brandt KB. Evaluation of 4 Years of Clinical Pharmacist Anticoagulation Case Management in a Rural, Private Physician Office. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43(5):630-636.
    20. Ernst ME, Iyer SS, Doucette WR. Drug-Related Problems and Quality of Life in Arthritis and Low Back Pain Sufferers. Value Health. 2003;6(1):51-58.
    21. Farris KB, McCarthy AM, Kelly MW, Clay D, Gross JN. Issues of Medication Administration and Control in Iowa Schools. J Sch Health. 2003;73(9):331-337.
    22. Farris KD, Kelly MW, Tryon J. Clock Drawing Test and Medication Complexity Index as Indicators of Medication Management Capacity: A Pilot Study. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43(1):78-81.
    23. Frank E, Bhat-Schelbert K, Elon L. Exercise Counseling and Personal Exercise Habits of US Women Physicians. J Am Med Womens Assoc. 2003;58(3):178-184.
    24. Gerling GJ, Weissman AM, Thomas GW, Dove EL. Effectiveness of a Dynamic Breast Examination Training Model to Improve Clinical Breast Examination (CBE) Skills. Cancer Detect Prev. 2003;27(6):451-456.
    25. Graber MA, House HR. Pain Management in the Emergency Department. JAAPA. 2003;16(4):39-40, 43, 46 passim.
    26. Graber MA, Pierre J, Charlton ME. Patient Opinions and Attitudes Toward Medical Student Procedures in the Emergency Department. Acad Emerg Med. 2003;10(12):1329-1333.
    27. Graber MA, VanScoy D. How Well does Decision Support Software Perform in the Emergency Department? Emerg Med J. 2003;20(5):426-428.
    28. Hadley RD, Graber MA. Should we Measure CRP Levels to Assess Cardiovascular Risk? JAAPA. 2003;16(1):17-19.
    29. Hansen K, Kreiter CD, Rosenbaum ME, Whitaker DC, Arpey CJ. Long-Term Psychological Impact and Perceived Efficacy of Pulsed-Dye Laser Therapy for Patients with Port-Wine Stains. Dermatol Surg. 2003;29(1):49-55.
    30. Hartz AJ, Benson K, Glaser J, Bentler SE, Bhandari M. Assessing Observational Studies of Spinal Fusion and Chemonucleolysis. Spine. 2003;28(19):2268-2275.
    31. Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Brake KA, Kelly MW. The Effectiveness of Citalopram for Idiopathic Chronic Fatigue. J Clin Psychiatry. 2003;64(8):927-935.
    32. Hartz AJ, Bentler SE, Watson D. Measuring Fatigue Severity in Primary Care Patients. J Psychosom Res. 2003;54(6):515-521.
    33. Hartz AJ, Marsh JL. Methodologic Issues in Observational Studies. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2003;(413)(413):33-42.
    34. House HR, Graber MA, Scheckel SS. Is Your Emergency Department Ready for a Terrorist Attack? Emerg Med. 2003;35(10):46-51.
    35. James PA. Family Doctors Contribute to IRENE. Iowa Family Physician. 2003;30(2):24-25.
    36. James PA, Hartz AJ, Levy BT. Specialty of Ambulatory Care Physicians and Mortality After Myocardial Infarction. N Engl J Med. 2003;348(13):1288-9; author reply 1288-9.
    37. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Brinig MF, Dawson JD, Schmuch GA, Ingram JG. Domestic Elder Abuse and the Law. Am J Pub Health. 2003;93(12):2131-2136.
    38. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Ingram JG. National Elder Abuse Questionnaire: Summary of Adult Protective Service Investigator Responses. J.Elder Abuse Negl. 2003;13(4):59-71.
    39. Johnson SR, Ernst ME, Graber MA. Commonly Overlooked Sources of Vitamin K. Ann Pharmacother. 2003;37(2):302.
    40. Kelly MW, McCarthy AM, Mordhorst MJ. School Nurses' Experiences with Medication Administration. J Sch Nurs. 2003;19(5):281-287.
    41. Kelsberg G, Safranek S, Ely JW. Clinical Inquiries. how Accurate is the Clinical Diagnosis of Pneumonia? J Fam Pract. 2003;52(1):63-64.
    42. Kreiter CD, Peterson MW, Ferguson KJ, Elliott ST. The Effects of Testing in Shifts on a Clinical in-Course Computerized Exam. Med Educ. 2003;37(3):202-204.
    43. Kreiter CD, Stansfield B, James PA, Solow CM. A Model for Diversity in Admissions: A Review of Issues and Methods and an Experimental Approach. Teach Learn Med. 2003;15(2):116-122.
    44. Kukoyi OA, Carney CP. Curses, Madness, and Mefloquine. Psychosomatics. 2003;44(4):339-341.
    45. Lee AG, Beaver HA, Jogerst GJ, Daly JM. Screening Elderly Patients in an Outpatient Ophthalmology Clinic for Dementia, Depression, and Functional Impairment. Ophthalmology. 2003;110(4):651-7; discussion 657.
    46. Levy BT, Ritchie JM, Smith EM, Gray T, Zhang W. Physician Specialty is significantly Associated with Hormone Replacement Therapy use. Obstet Gynecol. 2003;101(1):114-122.
    47. Lund BC, Chrischilles EA, Carter BL, Ernst ME, Perry PJ. Development of a Computer Algorithm for Defining an Active Drug List using an Automated Pharmacy Database. J Clin Epidemiol. 2003;56:802-806.
    48. Manyon A, Shipengrover JA, McGuigan D, Haggerty M, James PA, Danzo A. Defining Differences in the Instructional Styles of Community Preceptors. Fam Med. 2003;35(3):181-186.
    49. Mariri BP, Levy SM, Warren JJ, Bergus GR, Marshall TA, Broffitt B. Medically Administered Antibiotics, Dietary Habits, Fluoride Intake and Dental Caries Experience in the Primary Dentition. Comm Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2003;31(1):40-51.
    50. Olick RS, Bergus GR. Malpractice Liability for Informal Consultations. Fam Med. 2003;35(7):476-481.
    51. Olsen AL, Ross MB, Stansfield RB, Kreiter CD. Pelvic Floor Nerve Conduction Studies: Establishing Clinically Relevant Normative Data. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;189(4):1114-1119.
    52. Park JY, Daly JM. Evaluation of Diabetes Management Software. Diabetes Educ. 2003;29(2):255-62, 267.
    53. Sinkovits HS, Kelly MW, Ernst ME. Medication Administration in Day Care Centers for Children. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43(3):379-382.
    54. Smith EM, Ritchie JM, Levy BT, Zhang W, Wang D, Haugen TH, Turek LP. Prevalence and Persistence of Human Papillomavirus in Postmenopausal Age Women. Cancer Detect Prev. 2003;27(6):472-480.
    55. Uhlig K, Johnson CA, Levey A. New Guidelines Spell Out Approach to Chronic Kidney Disease. Patient Care. 2003;37(7):38-52.
    56. Weissman AM, Jogerst GJ, Dawson JD. Community Characteristics Associated with Child Abuse in Iowa. Child Abuse Negl. 2003;27(10):1145-1159.
    57. Wilbur J. Health and Aging: The Role of the Geriatrics Specialist. The Involvement Magazine. 2003;February.
    58. Wilbur J, Jogerst GJ. Androgen Deficiency in the Aging Man: Certainties and Controversies. Fam.Pract.Recert. 2003;25(6):28-36.
    59. Zillich AJ, Carter BL, Ernst ME, Kelly MW. Effect of a Telephone Medication Renewal Service on Blood Pressure Control. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2003;43(5):561-565.


    1. Bergus GR, Levin IP, Elstein AS. Presenting Risks and Benefits to Patients. J Gen Intern Med. 2002;17(8):612-617.
    2. Carter BL. Blood Pressure as a Surrogate End Point for Hypertension. Ann Pharmacother. 2002;36(1):87-92.
    3. Carter BL, Lund BC, Hayase N, Chrischilles EA. The Extent of Potential Antihypertensive Drug Interactions in a Medicaid Population. Am J Hypertens. 2002;15:953-957.
    4. Cramm T, Hartz AJ, Green MD. Ascertaining Customary Care in Malpractice Cases: Asking those Who Know. Wake Forest Law Review. 2002;37:699--756.
    5. D'Alessandro DM, Ellsbury DL, Kreiter CD, Starner T. Pediatric Jeopardy may Increase Residents' Medical Reading. Ambul Pediatr. 2002;2(1):1-3.
    6. Daly JM. Impact of Laws on State Reported Elder Abuse. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2002;50(4):S94.
    7. Daly JM, Buckwalter KC, Maas M. Written and Computerized Care Plans. Organizational Processes and Effect on Patient Outcomes. J Gerontol Nurs. 2002;28(9):14-23.
    8. Daly JM, Park JY, Jogerst GJ. Long-Term Care Facilities in the United States. J.Korean Acad.Fam.Phys. 2002;23(11):1300-1308.
    9. Dobyns RC, Kuter D. Evidence Based Medicine: A Comparison of Health Systems. Lechashchii Vrach. 2002;January.
    10. Ely JW, Hartz AJ, James PA, Johnson CA. Determining the Standard of Care in Medical Malpractice: The Physician's Perspective. Wake Forest Law Review. 2002;37:861-875.
    11. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ebell MH, Chambliss ML, Vinson DC, Stevermer JJ, Pifer EA. Obstacles to Answering Doctors' Questions about Patient Care with Evidence: Qualitative Study. Br Med J. 2002;324(7339):710.
    12. Ernst ME. Drug-Related Problems and Quality-of-Life in Arthritis and Low Back Pain Sufferers. Value Health. 2002.
    13. Ernst ME. Health Outcomes Assessment in Community Pharmacy Practices: A Feasibility Project. Arthritis Care Res. 2002;47:124-31.
    14. Ernst ME, Bergus GR. Noninvasive 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring: Overview of Technology and Clinical Applications. Pharmacotherapy. 2002;22(5):597-612.
    15. Ferguson KJ, Kreiter CD, Peterson MW, Rowat JA, Elliott ST. Is that Your Final Answer? Relationship of Changed Answers to overall Performance on a Computer-Based Medical School Course Examination. Teach Learn Med. 2002;14(1):20-23.
    16. Garrett RE. Parasitology. 6th ed ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders; 2002.
    17. Graber MA. Surf's Up! Protecting the Privacy of Health Information on the Internet: We Need New Privacy Laws and Better Encryption of Information. West J Med. 2002;176(2):79-81.
    18. Graber MA. Unusual Seizure Presentations. Emerg.Med. 2002;5:44.
    19. Graber MA, D'Alessandro DM, Johnson-West J. Reading Level of Privacy Policies on Internet Health Web Sites. J Fam Pract. 2002;51(7):642-645.
    20. Graber MA, Weckmann MT. Pharmaceutical Company Internet Sites as Sources of Information about Antidepressant Medications. CNS Drugs. 2002;16(6):419-423.
    21. Hartz AJ, Lucas J, Cramm T, Green MD, Bentler SE, Ely JW, Wolfe S, James PA. Physician Surveys to Assess Customary Care in Medical Malpractice Cases. J Gen Intern Med. 2002;17(7):546-555.
    22. Heidger PM,Jr, Dee FR, Consoer D, Leaven TC, Duncan J, Kreiter CD. Integrated Approach to Teaching and Testing in Histology with Real and Virtual Imaging. Anat Rec. 2002;269(2):107-112.
    23. Heidger PM,Jr, Erkonen WE, Kreiter CD, Pelsang R. Innovative Testing Method for an Integrated Radiology-Histology Curriculum. Anat Rec. 2002;269(2):113-117.
    24. James PA. Improving Clinical Instruction through Medical Education Research. STFM Messenger. 2002(August).
    25. James PA. IRENE: Developing and Sustaining Relationships. Iowa Family Physician. 2002;29(3):21.
    26. James PA, Kreiter CD, Shipengrover JA, Crosson J. Identifying the Attributes of Instructional Quality in Ambulatory Teaching Sites: A Validation Study of the MedEd IQ. Fam Med. 2002;34(4):268-273.
    27. James PA, Shipengrover JA, Crosson J, Young BL, Kernan JB, Heaton CJ, Holmes D. Primary Care Education: Measuring Instruction to Improve Quality. Acad Med. 2002;77(9):922.
    28. Johnson CA. Colposcopy Principles and Practice: An Integrated Textbook and Atlas. Terminology in cervical cytology: the Bethesda system. In: Apgar BS, Brotzman GL, Spitzer M, eds. ed. Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company; 2002.
    29. Kelly MW. Drugs for Diabetes. Treatment Guidelines from The Medical Letter. 2002;1(1):1-6.
    30. Koch Yde S, Ernst ME, Kelly MW. Patient Perceptions about Drug Advertising and Prescription-to-Nonprescription Switches. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2002;59(16):1568.
    31. Kreiter CD. The use of Constrained Optimization to Facilitate Admission Decisions. Acad Med. 2002;77(2):148-151.
    32. Kreiter CD, Ferguson KJ. The Empirical Validity of Straight-Line Responses on a Clinical Evaluation Form. Acad Med. 2002;77(5):414-418.
    33. Kreiter CD, James PA, Stansfield RB, Callaway MR. An Empirical Validity Study of a Preceptor Evaluation Instrument. Acad Med. 2002;77(10 Suppl):S70-2.
    34. Kreiter CD, Solow CM. A Statistical Technique for the Development of an Alternate List when using Constrained Optimization to make Admission Decisions. Teach Learn Med. 2002;14(1):29-33.
    35. Kuter D, Dobyns RC. Vaccine Prophylaxis for Pertussis Infections in the Newborn: A Review of the Evidence. Lechashchii Vrach. 2002;March.
    36. Levy BT, Merchant ML. Differences in Clinical Experiences Based on Gender of Third-Year Medical Students in a Required Family Medicine Preceptorship. Acad Med. 2002;77(12 Pt 1):1241-1246.
    37. Levy SM, Slager SL, Warren JJ, Levy BT, Nowak AJ. Associations of Pacifier use, Digit Sucking, and Child Care Attendance with Cessation of Breastfeeding. J Fam Pract. 2002;51(5):465.
    38. Malis RW, Hartz AJ, Doebbeling CC, Noyes R,Jr. Specific Phobia of Illness in the Community. Gen Hosp Psychiat. 2002;24(3):135-139.
    39. Osterhaus JT, Dedhiya SD, Ernst ME, Osterhaus MC, Mehta SS, Townsend RJ. Health Outcomes Assessment in Community Pharmacy Practices: A Feasibility Project. Arthritis Rheum. 2002;47(2):124-131.
    40. Park JY, Daly JM, Jogerst GJ. Telemedicine in Long-Term Care: An Example of a Nursing Home System. J.Korean Acad.Fam.Phys. 2002;23(9):1090-1097.
    41. Rizzoli R, Greenspan SL, Bone G,3rd, Schnitzer TJ, Watts NB, Adami S, Foldes AJ, Roux C, Levine MA, Uebelhart B, Santora AC,2nd, Kaur A, Peverly CA, Orloff JJ, Alendronate Once-Weekly Study Group. Two-Year Results of Once-Weekly Administration of Alendronate 70 mg for the Treatment of Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. J Bone Miner Res. 2002;17(11):1988-1996.
    42. Rosenbaum ME, Kreiter CD. Teaching Delivery of Bad News using Experiential Sessions with Standardized Patients. Teach Learn Med. 2002;14(3):144-149.
    43. Rosenbaum ME, Nisly NL, Ferguson KJ, Kligman EW. Academic Physicians and Complementary and Alternative Medicine: An Institutional Survey. Am J Med Qual. 2002;17(1):3-9.
    44. Shen W, Waldschmidt M, Zhao X, Ratliff T, Krieg AM. Antitumor Mechanisms of Oligodeoxynucleotides with CpG and polyG Motifs in Murine Prostate Cancer Cells: Decrease of NF-kappaB and AP-1 Binding Activities and Induction of Apoptosis. Antisense Nucleic Acid Drug Dev. 2002;12(3):155-164.
    45. Smith EM, Levy BT, Ritchie JM, Jia J, Wang D, Haugen TH, Turek LP. Is use of Hormone Replacement Therapy Associated with Increased Detection of Human Papillomavirus and Potential Risk of HPV-Related Genital Cancers? Eur J Cancer Prev. 2002;11(3):295-305.
    46. Sturpe DA, Weissman AM. Clinical Inquiries. what are Effective Treatments for Panic Disorder? J Fam Pract. 2002;51(9):743.
    47. Vogelgesang SA, Karplus TM, Kreiter CD. An Instructional Program to Facilitate Teaching joint/soft-Tissue Injection and Aspiration. J Gen Intern Med. 2002;17(6):441-445.
    48. Weissman AM. Clinical Inquiries: What are the Effective Treatments Available for Panic Disorder? (in Press). J.Fam.Pract. 2002.
    49. Weissman AM, Dawson JD, Rijhsinghani A, Honkamp NJ. Non-Evidence-Based use of Rho(D) Immune Globulin for Threatened Abortion by Family Practice and Obstetric Faculty Physicians. J Reprod Med. 2002;47(11):909-912.
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    1. Bergus GR. Perceptions of Immunization Sources by Individuals Presenting to Traditional Or Nontraditional Immunization Settings. J Am Pharm Assoc. (Wash). 2001;41:53-9.
    2. Bergus GR, Ernst ME, Sorofman BA. Physician Perceptions about Administration of Immunizations Outside of Physician Offices. Prev Med. 2001;32(3):255-261.
    3. Bergus GR, Levy SM, Kirchner HL, Warren JJ, Levy BT. A Prospective Study of Antibiotic use and Associated Infections in Young Children. Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology. 2001;15(1):61-7.
    4. Bergus GR, Randall CS, Winniford MD, Mueller CW, Johnson SR. Job Satisfaction and Workplace Characteristics of Primary and Specialty Care Physicians at a Bimodal Medical School. Acad Med. 2001;76(11):1148-1152.
    5. Carter BL. The Legacy of Iowa Pharmacy. Journal of the Iowa Pharmacy Association. 2001;Jul/Aug:10-11, 23-28.
    6. Carter BL, Billups SJ, Malone DC, Valuck RJ, Barnette DJ, Sintek CD. Recommended Guidelines for Pharmacists Who Provide Care for Patients in the IMPROVE Study. Federal Practitioner. 2001;18:38-46.
    7. Carter BL, Malone DC, Billups SJ, Valuck RJ, Barnette DJ, Sintek CD, Ellis SL, Covey D, Mason B, Jue S, Carmichael J, Guthrie K, Dombrowski RC, Geraets DR, Amato M, Impact of Managed Pharmaceutical care on resource utilization and Outcomes in Veterans affairs medical centers. Interpreting the Findings of the IMPROVE Study. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2001;58(14):1330-1337.
    8. Clark MK, Sowers MR, Levy BT, Tenhundfeld P. Magnitude and Variability of Sequential Estradiol and Progesterone Concentrations in Women using Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate for Contraception. Fertil Steril. 2001;75(5):871-877.
    9. Daly JM, Jogerst GJ, Zimmerman B. Minimum Data Set and Care Plan Utilization by Physicians. J Am Med Dir Assoc. 2001;2:4-9.
    10. De Sloover Koch Y, Ernst ME. Use of Metformin in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Ann Pharmacother. 2001;35(12):1644-1647.
    11. Ely JW. Why can't we Answer our Questions? J Fam Pract. 2001;50:974-975.
    12. Ernst ME. Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists in the Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis. Ann.Pharmacother. 2001;35:1274-7.
    13. Ernst ME. Newer Dopamine Agonists in the Treatment of Restless Legs Syndrome. Ann.Pharmacother. 2001;35:627-30.
    14. Ernst ME. Use of Metformin in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome. Ann.Pharmacother. 2001;35:1644-7.
    15. Ernst ME. Regular Or "Super-Aspirins"? A Review of Thienopyridines Or Aspirin to Prevent Stroke. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001;49(4):487-489.
    16. Ernst ME, Bergus GR, Sorofman BA. Patients' Acceptance of Traditional and Nontraditional Immunization Providers. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2001;41(1):53-59.
    17. Ernst ME, Brown GL, Klepser TB, Kelly MW. Medication Discrepancies in an Outpatient Electronic Medical Record. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2001;58(21):2072-2075.
    18. Ernst ME, Doucette WR, Dedhiya SD, Osterhaus MC, Kumbera PA, Osterhaus JT, Townsend RJ. Use of Point-of-Service Health Status Assessments by Community Pharmacists to Identify and Resolve Drug-Related Problems in Patients with Musculoskeletal Disorders. Pharmacotherapy. 2001;21(8):988-997.
    19. Ernst ME, Hartz AJ. Phenylpropanolamine and Hemorrhagic Stroke. N Engl J Med. 2001;344(14):1094; author reply 1095.
    20. Garrett RE. CME Management of the Adult Patient with Unstable Asthma. A Case Study for the AAFP. 2001.
    21. Garrett RE. History of Family Medicine (Istorya Semeinoi Meditsini). Lechashchii Vrach. 2001;1:46-51.
    22. Garrett RE. Why Philosophy Matters. Fam.Med. 2001;4(4):247-9.
    23. Graber MA. Is it Ethical to Lie to Secure Hospital Admission? Yes: Lying is Sometimes in the Patient's Best Interests. West J Med. 2001;175(4):220.
    24. Graber MA. Minor Head Trauma in Children and Athletes. Emerg.Med. 2001;10:14.
    25. Graber MA, Scheckel SJ. Chest Pain: An Evidence Based Approach. Emerg.Med. 2001;4:28.
    26. Harris T, Leaven TC, Heidger PM,Jr, Kreiter CD, Duncan J, Dick F. Comparison of a Virtual Microscope Laboratory to a Regular Microscope Laboratory for Teaching Histology. Anat Rec. 2001;265(1):10-14.
    27. Hartz AJ. Quality of a Family Medicine Preceptorship is significantly Associated with Matching into Family Medicine. Fam.Med. 2001;33:683-690.
    28. Hockberger RS, Binder LS, Graber MA, Hoffman GL, Perina DG, Schneider SM, Sklar DP, Strauss RW, Viravec DR, Koenig WJ, Augustine JJ, Burdick WP, Henderson WV, Lawrence LL, Levy DB, McCall J, Parnell MA, Shoji KT, American College of Emergency Physicians Core Content Task Force II. The Model of the Clinical Practice of Emergency Medicine. Ann Emerg Med. 2001;37(6):745-770.
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    1. Ammache Z, Graber MA, Davis P. Idiopathic Stabbing Headache Associated with Monocular Visual Loss. Arch Neurol. 2000;57(5):745-746.
    2. Barnette JJ, Kreiter CD, Schuldt SS. Student Attitudes Toward Same-Gender Versus Mixed-Gender Partnering in Practicing Physical Examination Skills. Eval Health Prof. 2000;23(3):361-371.
    3. Benson K, Hartz AJ. A Comparison of Observational Studies and Randomized, Controlled Trials. Am J Opthalmol. 2000;130(5):688.
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    5. Bergus GR, Randall CS, Sinift SD, Rosenthal DM. Does the Structure of Clinical Questions Affect the Outcome of Curbside Consultations with Specialty Colleagues? Arch Fam Med. 2000;9(6):541-547.
    6. Billups SJ, Malone DC, Carter BL. The Relationship between Drug Therapy Noncompliance and Patient Characteristics, Health-Related Quality of Life, and Health Care Costs. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(8):941-949.
    7. Billups SJ, Okano G, Malone DC, Carter BL, Valuck RJ, Barnette DJ, Sintek CD. Assessing the Structure and Process for Providing Pharmaceutical Care in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2000;57(1):29-39.
    8. Carter BL. Clinical Pharmacy in Disease-Specific Clinics. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(10 Pt 2):273S-277S.
    9. Carter BL, ASHP Commission of Therapeutics. ASHP Therapeutic Position Statement on Optimizing Treatment of Hypertension. Am.J.Health.Syst.Pharm. 2000;57:162-173.
    10. Carter BL, Brunson BJ, Hatfield CL, Valuck RJ. Description of an Introductory Course Designed to Socialize Pharmacy Students. Am.J.Pharm.Ed. 2000;64:166-173.
    11. Carter BL, Cutler JA, Pahor M, Weart CW. Aggressive Treatment of Hypertension. Patient Care. 2000;Aug 30:14-48.
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    13. Carter BL, Helling DK. Ambulatory Care Pharmacy Services: Has the Agenda Changed? Ann Pharmacother. 2000;34(6):772-787.
    14. Carter BL, Malone DC, Ellis SL, Dombrowski RC. Antihypertensive Drug Utilization in Hypertensive Veterans with Complex Medication Profiles. J Clin Hypertens. 2000;2(3):172-180.
    15. Daly JM, Buckwalter KC, Morris W. Use of Multidimensional Assessment to Provide Testimony on Behalf of Residents in a Life-Care Home. J Gerontol Nurs. 2000;26(12):8-15.
    16. Daly JM, Maas M. Research Review Boards in Long-Term Care Settings. Geriatric Nursing. 2000;21(1):77-80.
    17. Dobyns RC. New Prescriptions for Russia: Experts Share Knowledge. International Accents. 2000;Fall/Winter.
    18. Dobyns RC. Beating Swords into Plowshares the Family Medicine Way. Iowa Family Physician. 2000;Fall.
    19. Eitel DR, Yankowitz J, Ely JW. Videotaping Obstetric Procedures: Assessment of Obstetricians and Family Physicians. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9:89-91.
    20. Ellis SL, Billups SJ, Malone DC, Carter BL, Covey D, Mason B, Jue S, Carmichael J, Guthrie K, Sintek CD, Dombrowski RC, Geraets DR, Amato M. Types of Interventions made by Clinical Pharmacists in the IMPROVE Study. Impact of Managed Pharmaceutical Care on Resource Utilization and Outcomes in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(4):429-435.
    21. Ellis SL, Carter BL, Malone DC, Billups SJ, Okano GJ, Valuck RJ, Barnette DJ, Sintek CD, Covey D, Mason B, Jue S, Carmichael J, Guthrie K, Dombrowski RC, Geraets DR, Amato M. Clinical and Economic Impact of Ambulatory Care Clinical Pharmacists in Management of Dyslipidemia in Older Adults: The IMPROVE Study. Impact of Managed Pharmaceutical Care on Resource Utilization and Outcomes in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(12):1508-1516.
    22. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ebell MH, Bergus GR, Levy BT, Chambliss ML, Evans ER. Analysis of Questions Asked by Family Physicians regarding Patient Care. West J Med. 2000;172(5):315-319.
    23. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Gorman PN, Ebell MH, Chambliss ML, Pifer EA, Stavri PZ. A Taxonomy of Generic Clinical Questions: Classification Study. Br Med J. 2000;321(7258):429-432.
    24. Ely JW, Yankowitz J, Bowdler NC. Evaluation of Pregnant Women Exposed to Respiratory Viruses. Am Fam Phys. 2000;61(10):3065-3074.
    25. Erkonen WE, Vydareny KH, Sandra A, Ferguson KA, Kreiter CD. Interinstitutional Study to Compare the Effectiveness of a Radiology-Anatomy Module of Instruction. Acad Radiol. 2000;7(9):700-704.
    26. Ernst EJ, Klepser ME, Klepser TB, Nightingale CH, Hunsicker LG. Comparison of the Serum and Intracellular Pharmacokinetics of Azithromycin in Healthy and Diabetic Volunteers. Pharmacotherapy. 2000;20(6 I):657-661.
    27. Ernst ME, Kelly MW, Hoehns JD, Swegle JM, Buys LM, Logemann CD, Ford JK, Kautzman HA, Sorofman BA, Pretorius RW. Prescription Medication Costs: A Study of Physician Familiarity. Arch Fam Med. 2000;9(10):1002-1007.
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    29. Graber MA, Bergus GR, Dawson JD, Wood GB, Levy BT, Levin I. Effect of a Patient's Psychiatric History on Physicians' Estimation of Probability of Disease. J Gen Intern Med. 2000;15(3):204-206.
    30. Harper DM, Mayeaux EJ,Jr, Daaleman TP, Johnson CA. Healing Experiences After Cervical Cryosurgery. J Fam Pract. 2000;49(8):701-706.
    31. Harper DM, Mayeaux EJ,Jr, Daaleman TP, Woodward LD, Ferris DG, Johnson CA. The Natural History of Cervical Cryosurgical Healing. the Minimal Effect of Debridement of the Cervical Eschar [See Comment. J Fam Pract. 2000;49(8):694-700.
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    34. James PA, Tumiel L. Congestive Heart Failure Clinical Outcomes Study in a Private Community Medical Group. J Am Board Fam Pract. 2000;13(3):226-227.
    35. Jogerst GJ, Daly JM, Hartz AJ, Damiano PC, Watanabe-Galloway S, Willard JC, Momany ET, Buckwalter KC, Thieman A, Lempers J. An Evaluation of Seniors in the Iowa Medicaid Home and Community Based Services Elderly Program. Iowa City, IA: Public Policy Center. 2000(A Final Report to: The Iowa Department of Human Services):1-39.
    36. Jogerst GJ, Dawson JD, Hartz AJ, Ely JW, Schweitzer LA. Community Characteristics Associated with Elder Abuse. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000;48(5):513-518.
    37. Kelly MW, Swegle JM, Clarke C, Ernst ME. Appropriateness of Medication use in Iowa Medicaid Recipients Residing in Long-Term Care Facilities and Receiving 15 Or More Medications. Consult.Pharmacist. 2000;15(12):1184-1191.
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    43. Olsen AL, Kreiter CD. Surgical Anatomy for Gynecology Residents: Revisiting the Gross Anatomy Lab. Journal of Pelvic Surgery. 2000;6(4):214-217.
    44. Robson KJ, Cunningham NM, Kruzan KL, Patel DS, Kreiter CD, O'Donnell MJ, Arpey CJ. Pulsed-Dye Laser Versus Conventional Therapy in the Treatment of Warts: A Prospective Randomized Trial. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2000;43(2 Pt 1):275-280.
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    1. Bellaver C, Daly JM, Buckwalter KC. Information Resources and Knowledge Needs of Rural Nurses regarding Alzheimer's Disease. J Contin Educ Nurs. 1999;30(3):114-119.
    2. Bergus GR, Mold JW, Barton ED, Randall CS. The Lack of Association between Hypertension and Hypothyroidism in a Primary Care Setting. J Hum Hypertens. 1999;13(4):231-235.
    3. Carter BL, Helling DK, Anderson J, Raebel M. Description of a Formal Affiliation between a School of Pharmacy and a Managed Care Organization. Journal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP. 1999;5:433-438.
    4. D'Alessandro DM, Kreiter CD. Improving Usage of Pediatric Information on the Internet: The Virtual Children's Hospital. Pediatrics. 1999;104(5):e55.
    5. Ellis SL, Carter BL, Leehey MA, Conry CM. Bell's Palsy in an Older Patient with Uncontrolled Hypertension due to Medication Nonadherence. Ann Pharmacother. 1999;33(12):1269-1273.
    6. Ely JW, Dawson JD, Young PR, Doebbeling BN, Goerdt CJ, Elder NC, Olick RS. Malpractice Claims Against Family Physicians are the Best Doctors Sued More? J Fam Pract. 1999;48(1):23-30.
    7. Ely JW, Levy BT, Hartz AJ. What Clinical Information Resources are Available in Family Physicians' Offices? J Fam Pract. 1999;48(2):135-139.
    8. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ebell MH, Bergus GR, Levy BT, Chambliss ML, Evans ER. Analysis of Questions Asked by Family Doctors regarding Patient Care. Br Med J. 1999;319(7206):358-361.
    9. Ernst EJ, Klepser ME, Ernst ME, Messer SA, Pfaller MA. In Vitro Pharmacodynamic Properties of MK-0991 Determined by Time-Kill Methods. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1999;33(2):75-80.
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    11. Ernst ME, Graber MA. Methylxanthine use in Anaphylaxis: What does the Evidence Tell Us? Ann Pharmacother. 1999;33(9):1001-1004.
    12. Fieg EL, Graber MA. Clinical Criteria as a Preliminary Screen for Cervical Spine Injury [1] (Multiple Letters). Am Fam Phys. 1999;60(5):1318-1322.
    13. Fieselmann JF, Bock MJ, Hendryx MS, Wakefield DS, Helms CM, Bentler SE. Mechanical Ventilation in Rural ICUs. Crit Care. 1999;3(1):23-31.
    14. Graber MA. Rejoice and Help Patients Get the Best from the World Wide Web. West J Med. 1999;171(5-6):305-306.
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    16. Graber MA, Ely JW, Clarke S, Kurtz S, Weir RF. Informed Consent and General Surgeons' Attitudes Toward the use of Pain Medication in the Acute Abdomen. Am J Emerg Med. 1999;17(2):113-116.
    17. Graber MA, Kathol M. Cervical Spine Radiographs in the Trauma Patient. Am Fam Phys. 1999;59(2):331-342.
    18. Graber MA, Nugent A. Ulcer Disease in the Emergency Department. Emerg.Med. 1999;11:66.
    19. Graber MA, Roller CM, Kaeble B. Readability Levels of Patient Education Material on the World Wide Web. J Fam Pract. 1999;48(1):58-61.
    20. Hartz AJ, Graber MA, Doebbeling BN, Lane WL, Otten J, Hollander RM, Chen J, Krumholz HM, Radford MJ, Kassirer JP. Comparing Hospitals [7]. New Engl J Med. 1999;340(25):2006-2007.
    21. Hartz AJ, Kuhn EM, Bentler SE, Levine PH, London R. Prognostic Factors for Persons with Idiopathic Chronic Fatigue. Arch Fam Med. 1999;8(6):495-501.
    22. Hartz AJ, Kuhn EM, Pulido JS. Prestige of Training Programs and Experience of Bypass Surgeons as Factors in Adjusted Patient Mortality Rates. Med Care. 1999;37(1):93-103.
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    24. Jepson TL, Ernst ME, Kelly MW. Current Perspectives on the Management of Seasonal Affective Disorder. J Am Pharm Assoc. 1999;39(6):822-829; quiz 880-882.
    25. Jogerst GJ. Elder Mistreatment. Precis: Primary and Preventive Care. 1999:34-36.
    26. Jogerst GJ, Hartz AJ. Assessment of Geriatric Training by Medical Students. Gerontol.Geriat.Educ. 1999;19(4):19-34.
    27. Johnson CP, Kuhn EM, Hariharan S, Hartz AJ, Roza AM, Adams MB. Pre-Transplant Identification of Risk Factors that Adversely Affect Length of Stay and Charges for Renal Transplantation. Clin Transplant. 1999;13(2):168-175.
    28. Klepser TB, Klepser ME. Unsafe and Potentially Safe Herbal Therapies. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1999;56(2):125-138.
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    31. Kreiter CD, Gordon JA, Elliott ST, Ferguson KJ. A Prelude to Modeling the Expert: A Generalizability Study of Expert Ratings of Performance on Computerized Clinical Simulations. Adv Health Sci Educ Theory Pract. 1999;4(3):261-270.
    32. Lawry GV,2nd, Schuldt SS, Kreiter CD, Densen P, Albanese MA. Teaching a Screening Musculoskeletal Examination: A Randomized, Controlled Trial of Different Instructional Methods. Acad Med. 1999;74(2):199-201.
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    34. Levy BT, Bergus GR, Hartz AJ, Lofgren MA, Goldsborough K. Is Paracervical Block Safe and Effective? A Prospective Study of its Association with Neonatal Umbilical Artery pH Values. J.Fam.Pract. 1999;48(10):778-784.
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    1. Alsuwaidan S, Malone DC, Billups SJ, Carter BL. Characteristics of Ambulatory Care Clinics and Pharmacists in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. IMPROVE Investigators. Impact of Managed Pharmaceutical Care on Resource Utilization and Outcomes in Veterans Affairs Medical Centers. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1998;55(1):68-72.
    2. Amsterdam EA, Ely JW, Goldberg RJ, Segreti J, Wheeland RG. Commonly Overlooked Diagnosis - and how Not to Miss them. Patient Care. 1998;22(5):122-139.
    3. Bergus GR, Chapman GB, Levy BT, Ely JW, Oppliger RA. Clinical Diagnosis and the Order of Information. Med.Decis.Making. 1998;18(4):412-7.
    4. Bergus GR, Lofgren MM. Tubes, Antibiotic Prophylaxis, Or Watchful Waiting: A Decision Analysis for Managing Recurrent Acute Otitis Media. J Fam Pract. 1998;46(4):304-310.
    5. Bergus GR, Sinift SD. Curbside Consultation in the Computer Age. Physicians and Computers. 1998;16:10-17.
    6. Bergus GR, Sinift SD, Randall CS, Rosenthal DM. Use of an E-Mail Curbside Consultation Service by Family Physicians. J Fam Pract. 1998;47(5):357-360.
    7. Billups SJ, Carter BL. Mibefradil Withdrawn from the Market. Ann Pharmacother. 1998;32(7-8):841.
    8. Billups SJ, Carter BL. Mibefradil: A New Class of Calcium-Channel Antagonists. Ann Pharmacother. 1998;32(6):659-671.
    9. Carter BL. Optimizing Delivery Systems to Tailor Pharmacotherapy to Cardiovascular Circadian Events. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1998;55 Suppl 3:S17-23.
    10. Carter BL. Highlights of the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1998;55(4):382-388.
    11. Carter BL. ISH in the Elderly: Is there a Point Beyond which Pressure Reduction is Dangerous? Medicographia. 1998;32:659-671.
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    13. Eitel DR, Yankowitz J, Ely JW. Use of Internet Technology by Obstetricians and Family Physicians. JAMA. 1998;280(15):1306-1307.
    14. Eitel DR, Yankowitz J, Ely JW. Legal Implications of Birth Videos. J Fam Pract. 1998;46(3):251-256.
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    16. Ernst ME, Franey RJ. Acyclovir- and Ganciclovir-Induced Neurotoxicity. Ann Pharmacother. 1998;32(1):111-113.
    17. Ernst ME, Kelly MW. Mibefradil, a Pharmacologically Distinct Calcium Antagonist. Pharmacotherapy. 1998;18(3):463-485.
    18. Ernst ME, Santee JA, Klepser TB. Oral Corticosteroids for Pain Associated with Herpes Zoster. Ann Pharmacother. 1998;32(10):1099-1103.
    19. Gjerde CL, Levy BT, Xakellis GC,Jr. Unique Learning Contributions of a Family Medicine Preceptorship. Fam Med. 1998;30(6):410-416.
    20. Graber MA. Noninvasive Testing for Coronary Artery Disease: Which is Best? J Fam Pract. 1998;47(6):414-415.
    21. Graber MA. Appropriate Follow-Up of Patients with Colon Cancer. J Fam Pract. 1998;46(5):353-354.
    22. Graber MA. Cromolyn use in Children with Asthma. J Fam Pract. 1998;46(2):113-114.
    23. Graber MA. Dealing with Acute Abdominal Pain: Part 1: Clues to the Diagnosis. Emerg.Med. 1998;2:74.
    24. Graber MA. Acute Abdominal Pain: Part 2: When an Operation is Necessary. Emerg.Med. 1998;3:12.
    25. Graber MA, D'Alessandro DM, D'Alessandro MP, Bergus GR, Levy BT, Ostrem SF. Usage Analysis of a Primary Care Medical Resource on the Internet. Comput Biol Med. 1998;28(5):581-588.
    26. Grier D, Carter BL, Malone DC, Badger B. The University of Colorado School of Pharmacy and the University of Colorado Health Plan Forge a PBM Partnership. J Managed Care Pharmacy. 1998;4:478-480.
    27. Hartz AJ, Kuhn EM, Levine PH. Characteristics of Fatigued Persons Associated with Features of Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. J Chronic Fatigue Syndr. 1998;4(3):71-97.
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    29. Hendryx MS, Fieselmann JF, Bock MJ, Wakefield DS, Helms CM, Bentler SE. Outreach Education to Improve Quality of Rural ICU Care. Results of a Randomized Trial. Am J Resp Crit Care Med. 1998;158(2):418-423.
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    31. Klepser ME, Ernst EJ, Ernst ME, Messer SA, Pfaller MA. Evaluation of Endpoints for Antifungal Susceptibility Determinations with LY303366. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998;42(6):1387-1391.
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    34. Lanska DJ, Hartz AJ. Measurement of Quality in Health Care. Neurology. 1998;50(3):584-587.
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    36. Levy BT, Dawson JD, Toth PP, Bowdler NC. Predictors of Neonatal Resuscitation, Low Apgar Scores, and Umbilical Artery pH among Growth-Restricted Neonates. Obstet Gynecol. 1998;91(6):909-916.
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    38. Odden T, Fick DS. Exercise-Induced Amenorrhea: Diagnosis and Management. Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants. 1998;11(3):59-80.
    39. Pulido JS, Mieler WF, Walton D, Kuhn EM, Postel E, Hartz AJ, Jampol LM, Weinberg DV, Logani S, Gardner TW, Knox D, Kreiger A, Jabs D, Tornambe P, Gutman F, Welch RB, Green WR. Results of Peripheral Laser Photocoagulation in Pars Planitis. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1998;96:127-141.
    40. Rummelt V, Mehaffey MG, Campbell RJ, Pe'er J, Bentler SE, Woolson RF, Naumann GO, Folberg R. Microcirculation Architecture of Metastases from Primary Ciliary Body and Choroidal Melanomas. Am J Opthalmol. 1998;126(2):303-305.
    41. Salit SA, Kuhn EM, Hartz AJ, Vu JM, Mosso AL. Hospitalization Costs Associated with Homelessness in New York City. N Engl J Med. 1998;338(24):1734-1740.
    42. Smith M, Buckwalter KC, Lenoch S, Kreiter CD. From the Rural Midwest to the Rural Southeast: Evaluation of the Generalizability of a Successful Geriatric Mental Health Training Program. Journal of Mental Health and Aging. 1998;4(1):125-138.
    43. Thompson BH, Berbaum KS, George MJ, Ely JW. Identifying Left Lower Lobe Pneumonia at Chest Radiography: Performance of Family Practice Residents before and After a Didactic Session. Acad Radiol. 1998;5(5):324-328.


    1. Barloon TJ, Bergus GR, Seabold JE. Diagnostic Imaging of Lower Limb Deep Venous Thrombosis. Am Fam Phys. 1997;56(3):791-801.
    2. Bergus GR. Serious Bacterial Infection in Children. J Fam Pract. 1997;44(6):531-532.
    3. Bergus GR. Evaluation for Cancer in Patients with Symptomatic DVT. J Fam Pract. 1997;44(2):127-128.
    4. Bergus GR, Levy BT, Randall CS, Dawson JD, Jogerst GJ. Skills that Iowa Family Physicians Desire in a New Physician Partner. Fam Med. 1997;29(9):618-624.
    5. Bergus GR, Randall CS, Van Peursem R. Lack of Association between Hypertension and Hypothyroidism in Postmenopausal Women seen in a Primary Care Setting. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1997;10(3):185-191.
    6. Carter BL. Doses of Cardiovascular Medication in Elderly Patients with Renal Impairment. Coron Artery Dis. 1997;8(8-9):495-498.
    7. Carter BL, Barnette DJ, Chrischilles EA, Mazzotti GJ, Asali ZJ. Evaluation of Hypertensive Patients After Care Provided by Community Pharmacists in a Rural Setting. Pharmacotherapy. 1997;17(6):1274-1285.
    8. D'Alessandro DM, Kreiter CD, Erkonen WE, Winter RJ, Knapp HR. Longitudinal Follow-Up Comparison of Educational Interventions: Multimedia Textbook, Traditional Lecture, and Printed Textbook. Acad Radiol. 1997;4(11):719-723.
    9. Daly JM, Mass M, Buckwalter KC. What Interventions do Nurses use in Long-Term Care? Director. 1997;5(3):108-111.
    10. Damiano PC, Momany ET, Willard JC, Jogerst GJ. Factors Affecting Primary Care Physician Participation in Medicare. Med Care. 1997;35(10):1008-1019.
    11. Ely JW, Dawson JD, Lemke JH, Rosenberg J. An Introduction to Time-Trend Analysis. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 1997;18(4):267-274.
    12. Ely JW, Osheroff JA, Ferguson KJ, Chambliss ML, Vinson DC, Moore JL. Lifelong Self-Directed Learning using a Computer Database of Clinical Questions. J Fam Pract. 1997;45(5):382-388.
    13. Ephgrave KS, Ferguson KJ, Kreiter CD, Goodwin B. Team-Based Versus Preceptor-Based Assignment of Junior Surgery Students. Am J Surg. 1997;173(4):333-337.
    14. Ernst ME, Buys LM. Reevaluating the Safety of Concurrent Warfarin and Ibuprofen Therapy: A Case Report. J Pharm Technol. 1997;13:244-247.
    15. Ernst ME, Chalstrom CV, Currie JD, Sorofman BA. Implementation of a Community Pharmacy-Based Influenza Vaccination Program. J Am Pharm Assoc. 1997;NS37(5):570-580.
    16. Ernst ME, Ernst EJ, Klepser ME. Levofloxacin and Trovafloxacin: The Next Generation of Fluoroquinolones? Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1997;54(22):2569-2584.
    17. Ernst ME, Klepser ME, Fouts M, Marangos MN. Tetanus: Pathophysiology and Management. Ann Pharmacother. 1997;31(12):1507-1513.
    18. Fick DS, Goff SJ, Oppliger RA. Running and its Effect on Family Life: A Follow-Up of Spouses' Perceptions. Arch Fam Med. 1997;6(1):18.
    19. Fick DS, Lyons TA. Interpreting Elbow Radiographs in Children. Am Fam Phys. 1997;55(4):1278-1282.
    20. Gandhi AJ, Murphy CM, Zervopoulos PC, Evans RE, Carter BL, Bauman JL. Evaluation of Two Forms of Sustained Release Nifedipine using 24 h Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring. Am J Hypertens. 1997;10(9 Pt 1):992-996.
    21. Gjerde CL, Xakellis GC,Jr, Levy BT. Skills Actively Performed during a Family Medicine Community-Based Preceptorship. Fam Med. 1997;29(1):21-26.
    22. Goff SJ, Fick DS. Training Levels and Perceived Benefits of Running among Runners Committed to both Running and Family Versus Runners Committed Exclusively to Running. Journal of Sport Behavior. 1997;20(4):387-397.
    23. Goff SJ, Fick DS. The Moderating Effect of Spouse Support on the Relation between Serious Leisure and Spouses' Perceived Leisure-Family Conflict. Journal of Leisure Research. 1997;29(1):47-61.
    24. Graber MA. Treating Shoulder Pain: A Randomized Trial. J Fam Pract. 1997;45(2):103-104.
    25. Graber MA. Cardiac Troponin I Levels in Unstable Angina and Non-Q Wave AMI. J Fam Pract. 1997;44(2):135-136.
    26. Hartz AJ, Guse C, Kajdacsy-Balla A. Identification of Heavy Drinkers using a Combination of Laboratory Tests. J Clin Epidemiol. 1997;50(12):1357-1368.
    27. Hartz AJ, Pulido JS, Kuhn EM. Are the Best Coronary Artery Bypass Surgeons Identified by Physician Surveys? Am J Pub Health. 1997;87(10):1645-1648.
    28. Jogerst GJ. Nursing Home Care in the United States; History, Regulation and Medical Care. The 2nd Symposium on Welfare for Elderly (Korea University Medical Center/Medical Science Research Institute). 1997;35(10):1008-1019.
    29. Jogerst GJ. Falls in the Elderly. Russian Family Doctor (St. Petersburg: Medical Academy of Postgraduate Studies Press). 1997;1:26-29.
    30. Jogerst GJ. Practice Commentary (on Influenza Vaccine). Arch.Fam.Med. 1997;6:163.
    31. Jogerst GJ, Ely JW. Home Visit Program for Teaching Elder Abuse Evaluations. Fam Med. 1997;29(9):634-639.
    32. Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation,and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, Carter BL. The Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Arch.Int.Med. 1997;157:2413-2446.
    33. Klepser ME, Ernst EJ, Ernst ME, Pfaller MA. Growth Medium Effect on the Antifungal Activity of LY 303366. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1997;29(4):227-231.
    34. Klepser TB, Jogerst GJ. Ticlopidine-Induced Elevated Liver Enzymes. Pharmacotherapy. 1997;17(4):819-821.
    35. Levy BT, Gjerde CL, Albrecht LA. The Effects of Precepting on and the Support Desired by Community-Based Preceptors in Iowa. Acad Med. 1997;72(5):382-384.
    36. Levy BT, Graber MA. Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Infants and Young Children. J Fam Pract. 1997;45(6):473-481.
    37. Mehaffey MG, Folberg R, Meyer M, Bentler SE, Hwang T, Woolson RF, Moore KC. Relative Importance of Quantifying Area and Vascular Patterns in Uveal Melanomas. Am J Opthalmol. 1997;123(6):798-809.
    38. Randall CS, Bergus GR, Schlechte JA, McGuinness G, Mueller CW. Factors Associated with Primary Care Residents' Satisfaction with their Training. Fam Med. 1997;29(10):730-735.
    39. Salluzzo RF, Bartfield JM, Freed HA, Graber MA, Peters T. Attitude of Emergency Department Patients Toward HIV-Infected Health Care Workers. Am J Emerg Med. 1997;15(2):141-144.
    40. Saseen JJ, Porter JA, Barnette DJ, Bauman JL, Zajac EJ,Jr, Carter BL. Postabsorption Concentration Peaks with Brand-Name and Generic Verapamil: A Double-Blind, Crossover Study in Elderly Hypertensive Patients. J Clin Pharmacol. 1997;37(6):526-534.
    41. Van Winkle NW, Rosenbaum ME, Cardador MT. Introducing Students to Issues of Socioeconomic Status and Community Services. Acad Med. 1997;72(5):437-438.


    1. Barloon TJ, Bergus GR, Weissman AM. Diagnostic Imaging to Identify the Cause of Jaundice. Am Fam Phys. 1996;54(2):556-562.
    2. Barloon TJ, Young DC, Bergus GR. The Role of Diagnostic Imaging in Women with Breast Implants. Am Fam Phys. 1996;54(6):2029-2036.
    3. Barnette DJ, Murphy CM, Carter BL. Clinical Skill Development for Community Pharmacists. J Am Pharm Assoc. 1996;NS36(9):573-580.
    4. Bergus GR, Barloon TS, Kahn D. An Approach to Diagnostic Imaging of Suspected Pulmonary Embolism. Am Fam Phys. 1996;53(4):1259-1266.
    5. Bergus GR, Levy BT, Levy SM, Slager SL, Kiritsy MC. Antibiotic use during the First 200 Days of Life. Arch.Fam.Med. 1996;5(9):523-6.
    6. Caplan RM, Kreiter CD, Albanese M. Preclinical Science Course "Preludes" Taken by Premedical Students: Do they Provide a Competitive Advantage? Acad Med. 1996;71(8):920-922.
    7. Carter BL, Barnette DJ. How Many of Us Provide Pharmaceutical Care? Pharmacotherapy. 1996;16(5):965-967.
    8. Carter BL, Noyes MA, Demmler RW, Barnette DJ, Pieper J. Pharmacokinetics of Verapamil and its Metabolites in Elderly and Young Volunteers. J.Appl.Ther. 1996;1:85-91.
    9. Carter BL, Roccella EJ. Preventing CHF is Goal of National High Blood Pressure Education Program Call to Action. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1996;53(12):1381, 1384.
    10. Chapman GB, Bergus GR, Elstein AS. Order of Information Affects Clinical Reasoning. J.Behav.Decis.Making. 1996;9:201-211.
    11. Ebell MH, Bergus GR, Warbasse L, Bloomer R. The Inability of Physicians to Predict the Outcome of in-Hospital Resuscitation. J Gen Intern Med. 1996;11(1):16-22.
    12. Elam CL, Rosenbaum ME, Johnson MM. Geographic Origin and its Impact on Practice Location in Kentucky. J Ky Med Assoc. 1996;94(10):446-450.
    13. Ely JW. Physicians' Mistakes: Will Your Colleagues Offer Support? Arch Fam Med. 1996;5(2):76-77.
    14. Ely JW, Berbaum KS, Bergus GR, Thompson BH, Levy BT, Graber MA, Evans ER, Bedell DA, Fick DS. Diagnosing Left Lower Lobe Pneumonia: Usefulness of the 'Spine Sign' on Lateral Chest Radiographs. J Fam Pract. 1996;43(3):242-248.
    15. Ely JW, Dawson JD, Mehr DR, Burns TL. Understanding Logistic Regression Analysis through Example. Fam Med. 1996;28(2):134-40; discussion 141-3.
    16. Ely JW, Dawson JD, Townsend AS, Rijhsinghani A, Bowdler NC. Benign Fever Following Vaginal Delivery. J Fam Pract. 1996;43(2):146-151.
    17. Ely JW, Howser DM, Dawson JD, Bowdler NC, Rijhsinghani A. Practice Patterns during the Third Stage of Labor: The Effect of Physician Age and Specialty. J Fam Pract. 1996;43(6):545-549.
    18. Ernst ME, Klepser ME, Wolfe EJ, Pfaller MA. Antifungal Dynamics of LY 303366, an Investigational Echinocandin B Analog, Against Candida Ssp. Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis. 1996;26(3-4):125-131.
    19. Fick DS. The "Sports Physical" Preparticipation Physicial Examinations. CARE for KIDS Early & Periodic Screening, Diagnosis & Treatment. 1996;3(4):1-4.
    20. Fick DS, Goff SJ, Oppliger RA. Running and its Effect on Family Life. Arch Fam Med. 1996;5(7):385-8; discussion 389.
    21. Fick DS, Kelly MW. Use of Injectible Corticosteroids for Chronic Musculoskeletal Inflammation. Fam.Pract.Recert. 1996;18(10):37-55.
    22. Folberg R, Fleck M, Mehaffey MG, Meyer M, Bentler SE, Woolson RF, Pe'er J. Mapping the Location of Prognostically Significant Microcirculatory Patterns in Ciliary Body and Choroidal Melanomas. Pathol Oncol Res. 1996;2(4):229-236.
    23. Graber MA, Levy BT, Weir RF, Oppliger RA. Patients' Views about Physician Participation in Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia. J Gen Intern Med. 1996;11(2):71-76.
    24. Jannsen RK, Murphy CM, Kendzierski DL, Brown DH, Carter BL, Furmaga EM, Schoen MD, Woker DR. Ambulatory Care Certificate Program for Pharmacists. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1996;53(9):1018-1023.
    25. Jogerst GJ. Diagnosing and Managing Elder Abuse. Iowa Med. 1996;86(1):29-31.
    26. Jogerst GJ, Kligman EW. What Influences Physician Practice Behavior? an Interview Study. Arch.Fam.Med. 1996;5(8):455-456.
    27. Kelly MW, Fick DS. Safe use of Pharmacologic Measures in the Treatment of Aging Athletes. Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review. 1996;4:288-297.
    28. Levy BT, Bergus GR, Levy SM, Slager SL, Kiritsy MC. Longitudinal Feeding Patterns of Infants. Amb.Child Health. 1996;2:25-34.
    29. Park JJ, Kelly PA, Carter BL, Burgess PP. Comprehensive Pharmaceutical Care in the Chain Setting. J Am Pharm Assoc. 1996;NS36(7):443-451.
    30. Porter JE, Brown TER, Carter BL, Noyes MA, Demmler RW. Age and Gender-Related Differences in Oral Verapamil Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. J.Appl.Ther. 1996;1:27-37.
    31. Rosenbaum ME, Wilson JF, Sloan DA. Clinical Instruction for Delivering Bad News. Acad Med. 1996;71(5):529.
    32. Saseen JJ, Carter BL. Dual Calcium-Channel Blocker Therapy in the Treatment of Hypertension. Ann Pharmacother. 1996;30(7-8):802-810.
    33. Saseen JJ, Carter BL, Brown TER, Elliott WJ, Black HR. Comparison of Nifedipine Alone and with Diltiazem Or Verapamil in Hypertension. Hypertension. 1996;28(1):109-114.
    34. Toth PP, Jogerst GJ. Identification of Turner's Syndrome in an Elderly Woman. Case Report and Review. Arch Fam Med. 1996;5(1):48-51.
    35. Veronezi-Gurwell A, Wittchow RJ, Bottles K, Cohen MB. Cytologic Features of Villous Adenoma of the Ampullary Region. Diagn Cytopathol. 1996;14(2):145-149.
    36. Yankowitz J, Howser DM, Ely JW. Differences in Practice Patterns between Obstetricians and Family Physicians: Use of Serum Screening. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1996;174(4):1361-1365.


    1. Bergus GR. Clinical Assessment of Deep-Vein Thrombosis. J Fam Pract. 1995;41(5):502-503.
    2. Bergus GR. Urinalysis to Diagnose UTI. J Fam Pract. 1995;40(6):601-602.
    3. Bergus GR, Cantor SB, Ebell MH, Ganiats TG, Glasziou PP, Hagen MD, Hamm RM, Lawler FH, Murray JF. A Glossary of Medical Decision-Making Terms. Prim Care. 1995;22(2):385-393.
    4. Bergus GR, Franken EA,Jr, Koch TJ, Smith WL, Evans ER, Berbaum KS. Radiologic Interpretation by Family Physicians in an Office Practice Setting. J Fam Pract. 1995;41(4):352-356.
    5. Bergus GR, Hamm RM. Clinical Practice. how Physicians make Medical Decisions and Why Medical Decision Making can Help. Prim Care. 1995;22(2):167-180.
    6. Bergus GR, Meis S. Hepatitis B Vaccination: A Cost Analysis. Iowa Med. 1995;85(5):209-211.
    7. Brown TER, Carter BL, Butler CD. Use of a Decision Analysis Model to Assist with Therapeutic Decisions made by Pharmacists and Pharacy Students. Journal of Pharmaceutical Education. 1995;59:14-20.
    8. Carter BL. Dosing of Antihypertensive Medications in Patients with Renal Insufficiency. J Clin Pharmacol. 1995;35(1):81-86.
    9. Daly JM, Maas M, Buckwalter KC. What Nursing Diagnoses do Nurses use in Long Term Care? Director. 1995;3(3):115, 118-20, 123.
    10. Daly JM, Maas M, Buckwalter KC. Use of Standardized Nursing Diagnoses and Interventions in Long-Term Care. J Gerontol Nurs. 1995;21(8):29-36.
    11. Ely JW, Levinson W, Elder NC, Mainous AG,3rd, Vinson DC. Perceived Causes of Family Physicians' Errors. J Fam Pract. 1995;40(4):337-344.
    12. Ely JW, Rijhsinghani A, Bowdler NC, Dawson JD. The Association between Manual Removal of the Placenta and Postpartum Endometritis Following Vaginal Delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 1995;86(6):1002-1006.
    13. Fick D, Tearse DS. Sports Medicine Education in the U.S. Iowa Med. 1995;85(4):171-172.
    14. Fick DS. Management of Concussion in Collision Sports. Guidelines for the Sidelines. Postgrad Med. 1995;97(2):53-6, 59-60.
    15. Fick DS. Medical Supervision of Iowa High School Athletics. Journal of Iowa Medical Society. 1995;85(9):362.
    16. Franken EA,Jr, Berbaum KS, Smith WL, Chang PJ, Owen DA, Bergus GR. Teleradiology for Rural Hospitals: Analysis of a Field Study. J Telemed Telecare. 1995;1(4):202-208.
    17. Franken EA,Jr, Bergus GR, Koch TJ, Berbaum KS, Smith WL. Added Value of Radiologist Consultation to Family Practitioners in the Outpatient Setting. Radiology. 1995;197(3):759-762.
    18. Goguen LA, April MM, Karmody CS, Carter BL. Self-Induced Pneumoparotitis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 1995;121(12):1426-1429.
    19. Graber MA, Gjerde CL, Bergus GR, Ely JW. The use of Unofficial "Problem Patient" Files and Interinstitutional Information Transfer in Emergency Medicine in Iowa. Am J Emerg Med. 1995;13(5):509-511.
    20. Jogerst GJ. Alzheimer's Disease: The Role of Tacrine Therapy. Iowa Med. 1995;85(10):409-411.
    21. Lewis RK, Carter BL, Glover DG, Hutchinson RA. Comprehensive Services in an Ambulatory Care Pharmacy. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 1995;52(16):1793-1797.
    22. Murray JF, Bergus GR. Using Data from Epidemiologic Studies to Revise Probabilities. Prim Care. 1995;22(2):247-259.
    23. Porter JA, Carter BL, Johnson TP, Palmer WK. Effects of Pravastatin on Plasma Lipid Concentrations in Poloxamer 407-Induced Hyperlipidemic Rats. Pharmacotherapy. 1995;15(1):92-98.
    24. Raab S, Veronezi-Gurwell A. Thyroid-Nodules in the Elderly - Clinical Management and Incidence of Malignancy as Determined by Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy. Oncol Rep. 1995;2(6):1151-1155.


    1. Benda JA, Veronezi-Gurwell A, Wilcox M, Buller R. An Unusual Extrauterine Variant of Adenosarcoma with Multiple Recurrences Over 16 Years. Gynecol Oncol. 1994;53(1):131-137.
    2. Brown TER, Carter BL. Hypertension and Endstage Renal Disease. Ann Pharmacother. 1994;28(3):359-366.
    3. Carter BL. Pharmaceutical Care for Hypertensive Patients. Am Pharm. 1994;NS34(1):54-61; quiz 61-3.
    4. Carter BL, Frohlich ED, Elliott WJ, Moore MA, Mann RJ, Roberts RW. Selected Factors that Influence Responses to Antihypertensives. Choosing Therapy for the Uncomplicated Patient. Arch Fam Med. 1994;3(6):528-536.
    5. Eselin JA, Carter BL. Hypertension and Left Ventricular Hypertrophy: Is Drug Therapy Beneficial? Pharmacotherapy. 1994;14(1):60-88.
    6. Fick DS. An Epidemic of Inactivity. The Iowa Family Physician. 1994;Spring:5-19.
    7. Fick DS. Exercise and Activity Guidelines. The Female Patient. 1994;19(9):11-16.
    8. Fick DS, Tearse DS. Undergraduate Sports Medicine Education. Acad Med. 1994;69(11):901.
    9. Garvey MJ, Noyes R,Jr, Woodman CL, Cook BL. The Reliability of Urinary 5-HIAA Levels. Neuropsychobiology. 1994;29(4):185-188.
    10. Graber MA, Hoehns TB, Perry PJ. Sertraline-Phenelzine Drug Interaction: A Serotonin Syndrome Reaction. Ann Pharmacother. 1994;28(6):732-735.
    11. Marcussen BL, Goodlett CR, Mahoney JC, West JR. Developing Rat Purkinje Cells are More Vulnerable to Alcohol-Induced Depletion during Differentiation than during Neurogenesis. Alcohol. 1994;11(2):147-156.
    12. Smith M, Buckwalter KC, Garand L, Mitchell S, Albanese M, Kreiter CD. Evaluation of a Geriatric Mental Health Training Program for Nursing Personnel in Rural Long-Term Care Facilities. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 1994;15(2):149-168.
    13. Steinauer J, Abreu A, Kunins H, Cada S, Steinberg O, De Pineres T. Time to Stand Up for Abortion Providers. JAMA. 1994;272(17):1378.


    1. Bergus GR. Using Prediction Models to Reveal what we Need to Know. Arch Fam Med. 1993;2(8):817-819.
    2. Bergus GR. When is a Test Positive? the use of Decision Analysis to Optimize Test Interpretation. Fam Med. 1993;25(10):656-660.
    3. Bergus GR, Johnson JS. Superficial Tinea Infections. Am Fam Phys. 1993;48(2):259-268.
    4. Carter BL. Current Recommendations of the Joint National High Blood Pressure Committee. Clin Pharm. 1993;12(1):53-57.
    5. Carter BL. Collaboration between Family Physicians and Clinical Pharmacists. Medifam (Spain). 1993;3(2):59-61.
    6. Carter BL. New Goals Set for Fight Against Hypertension: Latest Consensus Report from the Join National Committee Outlines New Strategies Designed to Improve Drug Therapy of High Blood Pressure. U.S. Pharmacist. 1993;March:6-18.
    7. Carter BL, Butler CD, Rogers JC, Holloway RL. Evaluation of Physician Decision Making with the use of Prior Probabilities and a Decision-Analysis Model. Arch Fam Med. 1993;2(5):529-534.
    8. Carter BL, Noyes MA, Demmler RW. Differences in Serum Concentrations of and Responses to Generic Verapamil in the Elderly. Pharmacotherapy. 1993;13(4):359-368.
    9. Fick DS, Johnson JS. Treating Inflammation in Athletes. The Physician and sportsmedicine. 1993;21(12):55-63.
    10. Furmaga EM, Murphy CM, Carter BL. Isolated Systolic Hypertension in Older Patients. Clin Pharm. 1993;12(5):347-358.
    11. Garvey MJ, Noyes R,Jr, Woodman CL, Laukes C. A Biological Difference between Panic Disorder and Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Biol Psychiatry. 1993;34(8):572-575.
    12. Hartz AJ, Deber R, Bartholomew M, Midtling J. Physician Characteristics Affecting Referral Decisions Following an Exercise Tolerance Test. Arch Fam Med. 1993;2(5):513-519.
    13. Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation,and Treatment of High Blood Pressure, Carter BL. The Fifth Report of the Joint National Committee on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-V). Arch.Int.Med. 1993;153:154-183.
    14. Noyes R,Jr, Clancy J, Woodman CL, Holt CS, Suelzer M, Christiansen J, Anderson DJ. Environmental Factors Related to the Outcome of Panic Disorder. A Seven-Year Follow-Up Study. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1993;181(9):529-538.
    15. Tortorice KL, Carter BL. Stroke Prophylaxis: Hypertension Management and Antithrombotic Therapy. Ann Pharmacother. 1993;27(4):471-479.


    1. Bergus GR. If they Come, Will they Learn? Medicine Decision Making. 1992;12:341.
    2. Bergus GR, Murphy NJ. Screening for Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Comparison of a Glucose Polymer and a Glucose Monomer Test Beverage. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1992;5(3):241-247.
    3. Carter BL, Butler CD, Bakht F, Miller JW. Decision Analysis as a Quality-Assurance Screening Tool. Fam Med. 1992;24(5):362-367.
    4. Carter BL, Helling DK. Ambulatory Care Pharmacy Services: The Incomplete Agenda. Ann Pharmacother. 1992;26(5):701-708.
    5. Elder NC, Schneider FD, Zweig SC, Peters PG,Jr, Ely JW. Community Attitudes and Knowledge about Advance Care Directives. J Am Board Fam Pract. 1992;5(6):565-572.
    6. Ely JW. Confounding Bias and Effect Modification in Epidemiologic Research. Fam Med. 1992;24(3):222-225.
    7. Ely JW, Burch RJ, Vinson DC. The Information Needs of Family Physicians: Case-Specific Clinical Questions. J Fam Pract. 1992;35(3):265-269.
    8. Ely JW, Peters PG,Jr, Zweig SC, Elder NC, Schneider FD. The Physician's Decision to use Tube Feedings: The Role of the Family, the Living Will, and the Cruzan Decision. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1992;40(5):471-475.
    9. Fick DS, Albright JP, Murray BP. Relieving Painful "Shin Splints". The Physician and Sportsmedicine. 1992;20(12):105-113.
    10. Fick DS, Xakellis GC,Jr, Gjerde CL. Expectations and Satisfaction of Runners with Injury Treatments. Fam Pract Res J. 1992;12(2):141-146.
    11. Franken EA,Jr, Berbaum KS, Smith WL, Chang PJ, Driscoll CE, Bergus GR. Teleradiology for Consultation between Practitioners and Radiologists. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1992;670:277-280.
    12. Graber MA, Freed HA. Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome: A Cause of Multiple and Sequential Endocrine Emergencies. Am J Emerg Med. 1992;10(2):130-132.
    13. Noyes MA, Carter BL, Helling DK, McCormick WC, Ramirez R. Evaluation of Glipizide and Glyburide in a Health Maintenance Organization. Ann Pharmacother. 1992;26(10):1215-1220.
    14. Noyes R,Jr, Woodman CL, Garvey MJ, Cook BL, Suelzer M, Clancy J, Anderson DJ. Generalized Anxiety Disorder Vs. Panic Disorder. Distinguishing Characteristics and Patterns of Comorbidity. J Nerv Ment Dis. 1992;180(6):369-379.
    15. Peters PG,Jr, Ely JW, Zweig SC, Elder NC, Schneider FD. Physician Willingness to Withhold Tube Feeding After Cruzan: An Empirical Study. Miss Law Rev. 1992;57:831-848.


    1. Bergus GR. Staving Off Acute Otitis Media. when is Prophylaxis with Antibiotics Desirable? Postgrad Med. 1991;90(3):99-106.
    2. Bergus GR. Procedures for Your Practice: Testicular Detorsion. Patient Care. 1991;25:938-942.
    3. Bergus GR. Procedures for Your Practice: Repair of the Obstetric Vaginal Episiotomy. Patient Care. 1991;25:938-942.
    4. Carter BL. Therapy of Acute Thromboembolism with Heparin and Warfarin. Clin Pharm. 1991;10(7):503-518.
    5. Carter BL. Antihypertensive Efficacy of Beta Blockers in the Elderly. Issues in Pharmacology. 1991;Jan.
    6. Ely JW. Taking Care of Kathy. Postgrad Med. 1991;89(3):21-22.

    1990 and before

    1. Carter BL. A Structure for Pharmacy Specialization. DICP. 1990;24(11):1113-1114.
    2. Carter BL. Pharmacotherapy and the Primary Care Physician. Prim Care. 1990;17(3):469-477.
    3. Carter BL, Bakht FR. Therapy for Hypercholesterolemia. Prim Care. 1990;17(3):479-497.
    4. Ely JW. Amniotomy and Duration of Labor. J Fam Pract. 1990;31(3):237.
    5. Ely JW, Iler L. Postpartum Pneumoperitoneum. Iowa Med. 1990;80(7):352-353.
    6. Goodlett CR, Marcussen BL, West JR. A Single Day of Alcohol Exposure during the Brain Growth Spurt Induces Brain Weight Restriction and Cerebellar Purkinje Cell Loss. Alcohol. 1990;7(2):107-114.
    7. Marcussen BL, Kawai M. Role of MgATP and Inorganic Phosphate Ions in Cross-Bridge Kinetics in Insect (Lethocerus Colossicus) Flight Muscle. Prog Clin Biol Res. 1990;327:805-813.
    8. West JR, Goodlett CR, Bonthius DJ, Hamre KM, Marcussen BL. Cell Population Depletion Associated with Fetal Alcohol Brain Damage: Mechanisms of BAC-Dependent Cell Loss. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. 1990;14(6):813-818.
    9. Zenon GJ,3rd, Abobo CV, Carter BL, Ball DW. Potential use of Aldose Reductase Inhibitors to Prevent Diabetic Complications. Clin Pharm. 1990;9(6):446-457.
    10. Boyle DA, Ludden TM, Carter BL, Becker AJ, Taylor JW. Evaluation of a Bayesian Regression Program for Predicting Warfarin Response. Ther Drug Monit. 1989;11(3):276-284.
    11. Carter BL. Are You an Academician? DICP. 1989;23(11):920-921.
    12. Carter BL, Gersema LM, Williams GO, Schabold K. Once-Daily Propranolol for Hypertension: A Comparison of Regular-Release, Long-Acting, and Generic Formulations. Pharmacotherapy. 1989;9(1):17-22.
    13. Carter BL, Kriesel HT, Steinkraus L, Knudson R. Antihypertensive Drug-Prescribing Patterns of Internists and Family Physicians. J Fam Pract. 1989;29(3):257-261.
    14. Dobyns RC. Exercise Treadmill Testing. Patient Care. 1989;Nov 15:119-126.
    15. Graber MA, Schimelman M. Of Seat Belts and Sternal Fractures. Ann Emerg Med. 1989;18(4):427.
    16. Kannel WB, Carter BL. Initial Drug Therapy for Hypertensive Patients with Hyperlipidemia. Am Heart J. 1989;118(5 Pt 1):1012-1021.
    17. Kreiter CD, Frisbie D. An Analysis of MTF Question Format in Social Psychology. Appl.Meas.Educ. 1989;2(3).
    18. McMahon FG, Reder RF, The Verapamil-SR Study Group, Carter BL. The Relationship of Dose to the Antihypertensive Response of Verapamil-Sustained Release in Patients with Mild to Moderate Essential Hypertension. J Clin Pharmacol. 1989;29(11):1003-1007.
    19. Carter BL, Barr W, Rock W, Taylor JW. Warfarin Dosage Predictions Assisted by the Analog Computer. Ther Drug Monit. 1988;10(1):69-73.
    20. Levy BT, Williamson PS. Patient Perceptions and Weight Loss of Obese Adults. J Fam Pract. 1988;27(3):285-290.
    21. Rippon JW, Larson RA, Rosenthal DM, Clayman J. Disseminated Cutaneous and Peritoneal Hyalohyphomycosis Caused by Fusarium Species: Three Cases and Review of the Literature. Mycopathologia. 1988;101(2):105-111.
    22. Williamson PS, Levy BT. Long-Term Body Weight Fluctuation in an Overweight Population. Int J Obes. 1988;12(6):579-583.
    23. Carter BL. Anticoagulant Therapy when Pregnancy is Complicated by Osteoporosis. Clin Pharm. 1987;6(4):262, 270.
    24. Carter BL. Commonly used Chemotherapeutic Agents. Prim Care. 1987;14(2):293-315.
    25. Carter BL, Taylor JW, Becker AJ. Evaluation of Three Dosage-Prediction Methods for Initial in-Hospital Stabilization of Warfarin Therapy. Clin Pharm. 1987;6(1):37-45.
    26. Carter BL, Woodhead JC, Cole KJ, Milavetz G. Gastrointestinal Side Effects with Erythromycin Preparations. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1987;21(9):734-738.
    27. Eimer M, Carter BL. Elevated Serum Carbamazepine Concentrations Following Diltiazem Initiation. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1987;21(4):340-342.
    28. Carter BL, Driscoll CE, Smith GD. Theophylline Clearance during Pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol. 1986;68(4):555-559.
    29. Kriesel HT, Rosenthal DM. The Family Therapist and the Family Physician: A Cooperative Model. Fam Med. 1986;18(4):197-200.
    30. True BL, Alexander B, Carter BL. Comment: Switching MAO Inhibitors. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1986;20(5):384-385.
    31. True BL, Carter BL, Driscoll CE, House JD. Effect of a Rapid Diagnostic Method on Prescribing Patterns and Ordering of Throat Cultures for Streptococcal Pharyngitis. J Fam Pract. 1986;23(3):215-219.
    32. Carter BL, Jones ME, Waickman LA. Pathophysiology and Treatment of Deep-Vein Thrombosis and Pulmonary Embolism. Clin Pharm. 1985;4(3):279-296.
    33. True BL, Alexander B, Carter BL. Switching Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1985;19(11):825-827.
    34. Carter BL, Helling DK, Jones ME, Friedman RL, Ellsworth A. Multicenter Study of Family Physician Prescribing. J Fam Pract. 1984;19(4):497-501.
    35. Carter BL, Helling DK, Jones ME, Moessner H, Waterbury CA,Jr. Evaluation of Family Physician Prescribing: Influence of the Clinical Pharmacist. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1984;18(10):817-821.
    36. True BL, Carter BL. Update on Acyclovir: Oral Therapy for Herpesvirus Infections. Clin Pharm. 1984;3(6):607-613.
    37. Williamson PS, Dobyns RC. Procedures for Your Practice: Starting an IV Line in a Newborn Infant. Patient Care. 1984;Nov 15:173-177.
    38. Carter BL. Labetalol. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1983;17(10):704-712.
    39. Carter BL, Helling DK, Burns EA, Johnson RE, Danielson SL. Association between Appropriateness of Prescribing and Prescription Documentation. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1983;40(9):1513-1515.
    40. Carter BL, Reinders TP, Hamilton RA. Prediction of Maintenance Warfarin Dosage from Initial Patient Response. Drug Intell Clin Pharm. 1983;17(1):23-26.
    41. Carter BL, Garnett WR, Pellock JM, Stratton MA, Howell JR. Effect of Antacids on Phenytoin Bioavailability. Ther Drug Monit. 1981;3(4):333-340.
    42. Carter BL, Small RE, Garnett WR. Monitoring Digoxin Therapy in Two Long-Term Facilities. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1981;29(6):263-268.
    43. Carter BL, Small RE, Mandel MD, Starkman MT. Phenytoin-Induced Hyperglycemia. Am J Hosp Pharm. 1981;38(10):1508-1512.
    44. Carter BL, Salter FJ. Review of Nalbuphine HCl. Hospital Formulary. 1980;15:849-856.
    45. Garnett WR, Carter BL, Pellock JM. Effect of Calcium and Antacids on Phenytoin Bioavailability. Arch Neurol. 1980;37(7):467.
    46. Ely JW, Ueland K, Gordon MJ. An Audit of Obstetric Care in a University Family Medicine Department and an Obstetrics-Gynecology Department. J Fam Pract. 1976;3(4):397-401.
    47. Ely JW. Letter: Treatment of Asymptomatic Cholelithiasis. J Fam Pract. 1975;2(6):406.
    48. Ely JW. Magic Wand for Aortic Insufficiency? Ann Int Med. 1972;77(2):328-329.
    49. Ely JW, Hall RC, Tepperman J. Mucus Production in Gallstone Formation--Autoradiographs using Tritiated Galactose. Surg Forum. 1971;22:383-384.
    50. Rosenbaum ME, Levin IP. Impression Formation as a Function of Source Credibility and the Polarity of Information. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1969;12(1):34-37.
    51. Rosenbaum ME, Levin IP. Impression Formation as a Function of Source Credibility and Order of Presentation of Contradictory Information. J Pers Soc Psychol. 1968;10(2):167-174.
    52. Rosenbaum ME. The Effect of Verbalization of Correct Responses by Performers and Observers on Retention. Child Dev. 1967;38(3):615-622.
    53. Rosenbaum ME, Arenson SJ. Einstellung by Observation. Psychol Rep. 1967;21(2):345-352.
    54. Carter BL, Kugel RB. State University of Iowa College of Medicine. Clinical Pathological Conference. J Iowa Med Soc. 1965;55:22-30.
    55. Carter BL, Kugel RB. Lack of Immunization among Elementary School Children. a Study Conducted in Iowa City. J Iowa Med Soc. 1965;55:1-4.
    56. Chalmers DK, Horne WC, Rosenbaum ME. Social Agreement and the Learning of Matching Behavior. J Abnorm Soc Psychol. 1963;66:556-561.
    57. ROSENBAUM ME. Effect of Direct and Vicarious Verbalization on Retention. Child Dev. 1962;33:103-110.
    58. Rosenbaum ME, Horne WC, Chalmers DK. Level of Self-Esteem and the Learning of Imitation and Nonimitation. J Pers. 1962;30:147-156.
    59. Rosenbaum ME, Tucker IF. The Competence of the Model and the Learning of Imitation and Nonimitation. J Exp Psychol. 1962;63:183-190.
    60. Rosenbaum ME, Stanners RF. Self-Esteem, Manifest Hostility, and Expression of Hostility. J Abnorm Soc Psychol. 1961;63:646-649.
    61. ROSENBAUM ME, DECHARMS R. Direct and Vicarious Reduction of Hostility. J Abnorm Soc Psychol. 1960;60:105-111.
    62. Rosenbaum ME, Franc DE. Opinion Change as a Function of External Commitment and Amount of Discrepancy from the Opinion of another. J Abnorm Soc Psychol. 1960;61:15-20.
    63. ROSENBAUM ME. Social Perception and the Motivational Structure of Interpersonal Relations. J Abnorm Psychol. 1959;59(1):130-133.
    64. ROSENBAUM ME. The Effect of Stimulus and Background Factors on the Volunteering Response. J Abnorm Psychol. 1956;53(1):118-121.
    65. ERNST ME. President's Address. American Association of Orthodontists. Am J Orthod. 1950;36(11):803-812.
    66. Kreiter CD, Bergus GR. A study of two clinical performance scores: Assessing the psychometric characteristics of a combined score derived from clinical evaluation forms and OSCEs
      . Accessed Mar 06, 2012.
    67. Carter BL, Malone DC, Billups SJ, Valuck RJ. Interpreting the Findings of the IMPROVE Study. Am J Health-Syst Pharm. :1337.
    68. 1950;36(11):803-812.