Thomas Lawrence, MD, MPH


Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeon
Director, Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Professor of Surgery  - Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Contact Information

Primary Office: 1541 JCP
Iowa City, IA 52242
Phone: 319-356-7941



BS, Yale University
MD, University of Virginia School of Medicine
MPH, Harvard University, School of Public Health

Internship, General Surgery, North Carolina Memorial Hospital
Residency, General Surgery, Medical College of Virginia
Residency, Plastic Surgery, University of Chicago

Licensure and Certifications

Iowa Medical License
Board Certified, American Board of Plastic Surgery

All Publications

Lawrence T.  Review of Plastic Surgery.  Doody's Review Service .  2012. 

Lawrence T, Rohrich  , McGrath  , Ahmad J,  .  Assessing the Plastic Surgery Workforce: A Template for the Future of Plastic Surgery.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2010. 125:736.

Lawrence T, Fitzal  F, Schrenk  P.  Review of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery: A Guide to Clinica Practice.  2010. 

Lawrence T, Perlyn  , Marsh  .  Scars.  Quality Medical Publishing .  2010. 

Lawrence T, Rohrich R, Campbell  M, Spear  , Larson D.  AACPS White Paper on Departmental Status.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery .  2009. 124:293-397.

Lawrence T.  Discussion of ‘Simulation in Plastic Surgery Training and Education: The Path Forward’.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2009. 123:739-740.

Lawrence T, Rogers  , Gutowski K, Munoz-Del Rio A, Larson  , Edwards  M, Hansen  J, Stevenson  T, Bentz  M.  Integrated Plastic Surgery Residency Applicant Survey: Characteristics of Successful Applicants and Feedback about the Interview Process.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2009. 123:1607-1617.

Lawrence T.  Review of Operating Department Pracitce A-Z,by Tom Williams and Brian Smith.  2009. 123(2):420.

Leahy P, Shorten S, Lawrence T.  Maximizing the Aesthetic Result after Massive Weight Loss.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2008. 122:1214-1228.

Lawrence T, Rohrich R, McGrath M.  Plastic Surgeons Over 50: Practice Patterns, Satisfaction and Retirement Plans.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2008. 121:1458-1474.

Lawrence T, Lowenstein A.  Plastic Surgery.  Springer-Verlag.  2008. 

Lawrence T.  The History of the Association of Academic Chairmen in Plastic Surgery: 1985-1990.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2008. 121:311-319.

Lawrence T.  The History of the Association of Academic Chairmen in Plastic Surgery: 1990-2004.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2008. 121:320-327.

Leahy P, Lawrence T.  Biologic Enhancement of Wound Healing.  Clinics in Plastic Surgery.  2007. 34:659-671.

Monaco J, Mani M, Lawrence T.  Facial Burns: Management and Reconstruction.  Informa Healthcare.  2007. 

Hughes K, Lawrence T.  Scars and Scar Revision.  Quality Medical Publishing.  2007. 

Lawrence T.  In Pursuit of an Optimal Wound Closure Technique.  Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.  2006. 8:139-40.

Lawrence T, PSEF DATA Committee .  Nonsurgical Face Lift.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2006. 118:541-545.

Kirk S, Lawrence T.  The Management of Necrotizing Infections of the Skin and Soft Tissue.  Elsevier Mosby.  2004. 

Lawrence T.  The Normal Wound Healing Process.  W.B. Saunders.  2004. 

Monaco J, Lawrence T.  Acute Wound Healing: An Overview.  Clinics in Plastic Surgery.  2003. 30:1-12.

Lawrence T,  .  Arnica.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2003. 112:1164-1166.

Lionelli G, Lawrence T.  Wound Dressings.  Surgical Clinics of North America.  2003. 83:617-638.

Ayoub A, Lawrence T.  Post Traumatic Occlusion of the Radial and Ulnar Arteries at the Wrist (Poster).  2002 March. 

Lawrence T, Bevin A, Sheldon G.  Acute Wound Care.  WebMD, New York.  2002. 

Pickus E, Lionelli G, McKinley E, Lawrence T, Witt P.  Late Reconstruction of Zygomatic Complex Deformity with Hydroxyapatite Cement Paste.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2002. 109:1756-1758.

Lawrence T.  Wound Healing Biology and its Application to Wound Management.  Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.  2002. 

Pickus E, Lionelli G, Parmele J, Lawrence T, Korentager R.  Burns and Injuries Resulting from the Use of Gel Candles.  Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation.  2001. 22:243-245.

Krueger J, Rohrich R, Lawrence T.  Clearing the Smoke: The Scientific Rationale for Tobacco Abstention with Plastic Surgery.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2001. 108:1076-1077.

Rapley J, Lawrence T, Witt P.  Composite Grafting and Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Pediatric Nasal Tip Reconstruction after Avulsive Dog-bite Injury.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  2001. 46:434-438.

Pickus E, Lionelli G, McKinley E, Lawrence T, Witt P.  Digital Constriction Bands in Pseudoainhum: Morphologic, Radiographic and Histologic Analysis.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  2001. 47:194-198.

Lawrence T.  Discussion of "Soft Tissue Coverage".  Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia.  2001. 

Lionelli G, Pickus E, Bray J, Lawrence T, Korentager R.  Myoglobinuria and Hypocalcemia After a Superficial Hydriodic Burn.  Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation.  2001. 22:341-345.

Lawrence T, Lowenstein A.  Plastic Surgery.  Springer-Verlag, New York.  2001. 

Lawrence T,  .  Hair Removal Laser and Nonlaser Light Systems.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  2000. 105:459-461.

Lawrence T, Kashyap A.  Healing of Nerves, Blood Vessels, Muscle Tendon, Cartilage and Bone.  Mosby, St. Louis.  2000. 

Tsuzaki M, Brigman B, Yamamoto J, Lawrence T, Simmons J, Mohapatra N, Lund P, Van Wyck J, Hannafin J, Bhargava M, Banes A.  Insulin-like Growth Factor -1 Functions in Avian Flexor Tendon Cells.  Journal of Orthopaedic Research.  2000. 18:546-556.

Lowenstein A, Lawrence T.  Rotation Flap for Reconstruction of Laterla Nasal Defects.  1999 June. 

Lawrence T.  Review of Skin Resurfacing by William Coleman III, M.D. and Naomi Lawrence, M.D..  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  1999. 103:1074-1075.

Li Y, Doyle J, Roth T, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  IL-10 and GM-CSF Expression and the Presence of Antigen-Presenting Cells in Chronic Venous Ulcers.  Journals of Surgical Research.  1998. 79:128-135.

O'Sullivan K, Pap S, Megerian C, Li Y, Sheffler L, Smith T, Lawrence T.  Improved Axon Diameter and Myelin Sheath Thickness in Facial Nerve Cable Grafts Wrapped in Temperoparietal Fascial Flaps.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1998. 40:478-458.

Doyle J, Smith R, Roth T, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  Interleukin-1 Alpha and its Type I Receptor are Induced in Human Epidermal Cells in Wounding.  1998. 

Roth T, Doyle J, Smith R, Li Y, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  Interleukin-10 Inhibition of Antigen-Presenting Cell Function in Cultured Human Monocytes.  Surgical Forum.  1998. 49:614-615.

Lawrence T.  Physiology of the Acute Wound.  Clinics in Plastic Surgery.  1998. 25:321-340.

Lundberg J, Doyle J, Roth T, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  Western Blot Analysis of IL-10 in Chronic and Acute Wound Tissue.  1998. 

Doyle J, Smith R, Roth T, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  Wounding of Cultured Epidermal Cells Induces the Signaling Pathway for IL-1 but not TNF-alpha.  1998. 

O'Sullivan K, Pap S, Megerian C, Li Y, Sheffler L, Smith T, Lawrence T.  Improved Axon Diameter and Myelin Sheath Thickness in Facial Nerve Cable Grafts Wrapped in Temperoparietal Fascial Flaps.  1997 October. 

Lalikos J, Li Y, Roth T, Doyle J, Matory E, Lawrence T.  Biochemical Assessment of Cellular Damage after Adipocyte Harvest.  Journal of Surgical Research;  1997. 

Lawrence T, Diegelman R.  Cytokines and Antagonists in Wound Healing.  Landes, Georgetown.  1997. 

Doyle J, Smith R, Roth T, Lawrence T.  Glucose Inhibits Wound Contraction In Vitro.  1997. 

Lawrence T.  Reply to letter regarding "Viper Bites: Rational Management in Locales in Which Copperheads and Cottonmouths Predominate".  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1997. 38:303-304.

O'Sullivan K, Lawrence T, Megerian C.  Vascularized Temporoparietal Flap for Facial Nerve Cable Graft.  1997. 

Doyle J, Smith R, Roth T, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  Glucose Directly Inhibits the Contraction of Fibroblast Populated Collagen Lattices (Poster).  1996. 

Smith R, Doyle J, Roth T, Li Y, Dunn R, Lawrence T.  Glucose Inhibition of Microvascular Indothelial Cell Proliferation is Enhanced by Insulin (Poster).  1996. 

Calderon M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Increased Proliferation in Keloid Fibroblasts Wounded In Vitro.  Journal of Surgical Research.  1996. 61:343-347.

Lawrence T.  Keloids.  W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia.  1996. 

Lawrence T, Giannopoulos A, Hansen A.  Pitviper Bites: Rational Management in Locales in which Copperheads and Cottonmouths Predominate.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1996. 36:276-85.

Lawrence T, Banes A.  Plastic Surgery Research.  Clinics in Plastic Surgery.  1996. 23:173-182.

Lawrence T.  Treatment of Earlobe Keloids with Surgery plus Adjuvant Intralesional Verapamil and Pressure Earrings.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1996. 37:167-169.

Lawrence T.  Wound Healing Biology and its Application to Wound Management.  Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.  1996. 

Tsusaki M, Chikamatsu E, Yamamoto J, Fischer T, Lawrence T, Banes A.  A and D Cyclins Bind to Protein A and May Contain an Immunoglobulin-like Domain.  1995. 

Brothers D, Dalston R, Peterson H, Lawrence T.  Comparison of the Furlow Double-Opposing Z-Palatoplasty with the Wardill-Killner Procedure for Isolated Repairs of the Soft Palate.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  1995. 95:969-977.

Keen A, Hu P, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Mechanical Load Upregulates Connexin 43 Expression in MC3T3 Osteoblasts.  1995. 

Yoon K, Tsuzaki M, Keen A, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Mechanical Strain Stimulates Cyclin D Expression in MC 3T3 E1 Cells.  1995. 

Yoon K, Tsuzaki M, Keen A, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Mechanical Strain Stimulates Cyclin D Expression in MC3T3 Osteoblasts.  1995. 

Banes A, Tsuzaki M, Hu P, Brigman B, Brown T, Almekinders L, Lawrence T, Fischer T.  PDGF-BB IGF-I and Mechanical Load Stimulate DNA Synthesis in Avian Tendon Fibroblasts in Vitro.  Journal of Biomechanics.  1995. 28:1505-1513.

Lawrence T.  Review of Essentials of Surgical Specialties by Peter F. Lawrence, M.D..  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  1995. 95:1322-1323.

Buenaventura S, Lawrence T.  Silicone Breast Implants: How Do We Know If They Are Ruptured and What Happens If We Take Them Out.  1995. 

Lawrence T.  What's New in Plastic Surgery?.  1995. 80:60-62.

Banes A, Hu P, Tsuzaki M, Yamamoto J, Lawrence T.  Avian Tendon TSC and TIF Cells Express CXN-43 mRNA and Protein.  1994. 

Brigman B, Yin H, Tsusaki M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Fibronectin in the Tendon-Synovial Complex: Quantitation In Vivo and In Vitro by ELISA and Relative mRNA Levels by Polymerase Chain Reaction and Northern Blot.  Journal of Orthopaedic Research.  1994. 12:253-261.

Hu P, Xiao H, Brigman B, Lawrence T, Banes A.  G1 D Cyclins are Differentially Regulated in Tendon Epitenon and Internal Fibroblasts.  1994. 

Lawrence T, Diegelman R.  Growth Factors in Wound Healing.  Clinics in Dermatology.  1994. 12:157-169.

Brigman B, Shapiro I, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Mechanical Loading of Tendon Cells Increases Phospholipid Secretion In Vitro.  1994. 

Lawrence T, Brothers D, Decorato J.  Pharmacology/Therapeutics.  Mosby, St. Louis.  1994. 

Lawrence T, Potenza M.  Tissue Transfer: Fat, Dermal, Muscle, Cartilage, and Fascia Grafts.  Little, Brown and Co., Boston.  1994. 

Brothers D, Dalston R, Lawrence T.  Comparison of Furlow Palatoplasty with other Techniques of Repair for Isolated Clefts of the Soft Palate.  1993. 

Brigman B, Baird C, Hu P, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Fibronectin and TGF-ß in Flexor Tendon and Synovium.  FASEB.  1993. 

Brigman B, Hu P, Yin H, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Fibronectin mRNA Quantitation in Flexor Tendon Synovial and Internal Fibroblasts.  1993. 

Brigman B, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Mechanical Load Stimulates Protein Phosphorylation in Tendon Cells.  1993. 

Hu P, Xiao H, Brigman B, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Serum, Growth Factors and Mechanical Load Stimulate Cyclin D1 mRNA and Protein in Quiescent Tendon Cells.  1993. 

Banes A, Brigman B, Baird C, Yin H, Tsuzaki M, Almekinders L, Lawrence T.  Stimulation of DNA Synthesis in Tendon Synovial and Internal Fibroblasts Released from Quiescence by Serum, Growth Factors or Mechanical Loading.  1993. 

Tsuzaki M, Xiao H, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Stimulatory and Inhibitory Fractions from Synovial and Internal Compartments of Tendon or Conditioned Medium from Isolated Cells.  1993. 

Banes A, Baird C, Tsuzaki M, Brigman B, Lawrence T, Keagy B, Sanderson M, Boitano S.  Tendon Synovial and Internal Fibroblasts Respond Rapidly to Mechanical Load with IP and Ca Bursts Communicated to Adjacent Cells, Followed by DNA Synthesis.  1993. 

Brigman B, Fischer T, Lawrence T, Banes A.  The Effect of Mechanical Load and Growth Factors on Mitogenesis and Tyrosine Phosphorylation in Tendon Synovial Cells in Vitro.  1993. 

Peacock J, Lawrence T, Peacock, Jr. E.  Wound Healing.  Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.  1993. 

Brigman B, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Cell Cycle and Mitogen Responses of Tendon Synovial Internal Fibroblasts.  1992. 

Lawrence T.  Clinical Management of the Non-Healing Wound.  W.B. Saunders, Philadelphia.  1992. 

Banes A, Brigman B, Tsuzaki M, Almekinders L, Lawrence T.  Is Mechanical Load a Surrogate Progression Factor for Tendon Fibroblasts in vitro?.  1992. 

Calderon M, Baird C, Lawrence T, Keagy B, Banes A.  Mechanical Load and Wounding in vitro Induce-PDGF-A Chain Message in Human Endothelial Cells.  1992. 

Solomon G, DiMeo F, Lawrence T, Smith C, Banes A.  Modulation of DNA Synthesis by Nicotine, Cotinine and Cigarette Smoke Condensates in Endothelial, Bone Marrow Stem and 3T3 Target Cells.  1992. 

Lawrence T, Cohen I.  Normal and Abnormal Wound Healing.  Mosby Year Book, St. Louis.  1992. 

Calderon M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  PDGF-A Chain mRNA in Human Endothelial Cells is Induced by In Vitro Wounding and Mechanical Load.  1992. 

Calderon M, Yin H, Banes A, Lawrence T.  Response of Keloid and Normal Dermal Fibroblasts to Wounding in Vitro.  Surgical Forum.  1992. 43:685-687.

Calderon M, Yin H, Banes A, Lawrence T.  Response of Keloids and Normal Dermal Fibroblasts to Wounding in Vitro.  1992. 

Banes A, Yin H, Brigman B, Lawrence T, Tsusaki M.  Tendon Synovial Cells and Internal Fibroblasts Respond Differently to PDGF BB, IGF-1 and Mechanical Load in Vitro.  1992. 

Calderon M, Yin H, Banes A, Lawrence T.  The Effect of Mechanical Strain on Normal Human Fibroblasts.  1992. 

Lawrence T.  The Nasolabial Rhomboid Flap.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1992. 29:269-273.

Robson M, Phillips L, Lawrence T, Bishop J, Youngerman J, Hayward P, Broemeling L, Heggers J.  The Safety and Effect of Topically Applied Recombinant Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor on the Healing of Chronic Pressure Sores.  Annals of Surgery.  1992. 216:401-408.

Lawrence T.  Tissue Oxygenation and Wound Healing.  Current Surgery.  1992. 49:201-207.

Gartman J, Melin T, Lawrence T, Powers S.  Deformity Correction and Long Term Survival in an Infant with Iniencephaly. Case report..  Journal of Neurosurgery.  1991. 75:126-130.

Brigman B, Yin H, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T, Banes A.  Elevated Fibronectin Levels in Synovium Compared with Internal Compartments of Tendon and Sheath.  FASEB C-232.  1991. 

Banes A, Brigman B, Link G, Yin H, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T.  Fibronectin is Prefererntially Secreted by Tendon Synovial Cells but Not Internal Fibroblasts.  1991. 

Brigman B, Banes A, Yin H, Link G, Tsuzaki M, Lawrence T.  Fibronectin is Secreted by Tendon and Sheath Synovial Cells and Not Internal Fibroblasts.  1991. 

Lawrence T.  In Search of the Optimal Treatment of Keloids: Report of a Series and a Review of the Literature.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1991. 27:164-178.

Lawrence T.  Review of Microsurgery: Transplantation-Replantation by Harry J. Buncke, M.D..  Journal of Vascular Surgery.  1991. 14:247.

Lawrence T, Yin H, Banes A.  The Response of Dermal Fibroblasts to Tissue Expansion-Like Stain.  Surgical Forum.  1991. 42:625-627.

Lawrence T.  Wound Healing in the Cancer Patient: Effects of the Disease and Its Treatment.  Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore.  1991. 

Lawrence T, Azizkhan R.  Congenital Muscular Torticollis: A Spectrum of Pathology.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1989. 23:523-530.

Lawrence T.  Isolated Necrosis of Deep Tissue as a Complication of Tissue Expansion.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  1989. 84:172.

Lawrence T, Solomon G, Link G, Banes A.  The Evaluation of PDGF-Supplemented Dressings.  Surgical Forum.  1989. 40:621-623.

Moore M, Lawrence T, Ptak J, Trier W.  Complications of Primary Palatoplasty: A Twenty-One Year Review.  Cleft Palate Journal.  1988. 25:156-162.

Nava V, Lawrence T.  Liposuction on a Lymphedematous Arm.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1988. 21:366-368.

Lawrence T, Solomon G, Link G, Banes A.  Mitogenic Activity in Excisional Wounds in Rats and its Stimulation by PDGF.  Surgical Forum.  1988. 39:637-639.

Lawrence T, Bevin A, Sheldon G.  Acute Wound Care.  1987. 

Lawrence T, Norton J, Harvey A, Gorschboth C, Talbot T, Grotendorst G.  Wound Healing in Sarcoma-Bearing Rats: Tumor Effects on Cutaneous and Deep Wounds.  Journal of Surgical Oncology.  1987. 35:7-12.

Lawrence T, Grotendorst G, Harvey A, Gorschboth C, Talbot T, Norton J.  Adriamycin Induced Impairment of Healing.  Journal of the National Cancer Institute.  1986. 76:119-126.

Banes A, Compton D, Bornhoeft J, Hicks H, Link G, Bevin A, Lawrence T, Peterson H.  Biologic, Biosynthetic, and Synthetic Dressings as Temporary Wound Covers: A Biochemical Comparison.  Journal of Burn Care.  1986. 7:96-104.

Lawrence T.  Huber Needles for Tissues Expander Inflation.  Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery.  1986. 78:541-542.

Lawrence T, McDonald H.  Pregnancy after Breast Reconstruction with a Transverse Rectus Abdominis Myocutaneous Flap.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1986. 16:354-355.

Lawrence T, Talbot T, Norton J.  Preopeartive or Postoperative Adriamycin: Which is Better for Wound Healing?.  Surgery.  1986. 100:9-13.

Lawrence T, Norton J, Sporn M, Gorschboth C, Grotendorst G.  The Reversal of an Adriamycin Induced Healing Impairment with Chemo-attractants and Growth Factors.  Annals of Surgery.  1986. 203:142-147.

Lawrence T, Zabell A, McDonald H.  The Tolerance of Post-Op Radiation Therapy in Soft Tissue Sarcoma Patients.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1986. 16:204-210.

Lawrence T, Grotendorst G, Norton J.  Reversal of an Adriamycin Induced Healing Impairment with Growth Factors.  Surgical Forum.  1985. 36:575-577.

Murphy R, Lawrence T, Robson M, Heggers J.  Surgical Delay and Arachadonic Acid Metabolites: Evidence of an Inflammatory Mechanism: An Experimental Study in Rats.  British Journal of Plastic Surgery.  1985. 38:272-277.

Lawrence T, Hagstrom W, Parsons R.  Ectropion and Epiphora in McArdle's Syndrome.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1984. 12:284-286.

Lawrence T, Murphy R, Robson M, Heggers J.  Prostanoid Derivatives in Experimental Flap Delay with Formic Acid.  British Journal of Plastic Surgery.  1984. 37(602-606).

Lawrence T, Murphy R, Robson M, Heggers J.  The Detrimental Effect of Cigarette Smoking on Flap Survival: An Experimental Study in the Rat.  British Journal of Plastic Surgery.  1984. 37:216-219.

Lawrence T, Robson M.  The Treatment of Ulcers in Patients with Mycosis Fungoides with Split Thickness Skin Grafts.  Annals of Plastic Surgery.  1984. 13:20-23.

Lawrence T, Lawrence, Jr. W.  Gastric Cancer: The Surgeon's View-point.  Seminars in Oncology.  1981. 7:400-417.

Lawrence T, Lawrence, Jr. W.  Malignant Neoplasms of the Major Salivary Glands.  Journal of Surgical Oncology.  1981. 17:113-127.

Lawrence T, Thomas C.  Variation on the Precolostomy.  Surgery, Gynecology and Obstetrics.  1980. 150:737-738.

Date Last Modified: 06/06/2016 - 13:17:48