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Informed use of medications and therapeutic agents is essential, especially in pediatrics. Appropriate and successful treatment requires choice of the correct medication, the appropriate dose, and both a dosage form and a dosing regimen that will maximize compliance. The pharmacokinetics (absorption, metabolism, distribution and elimination) of medications and their therapeutic and adverse effects change as the child grows and matures. Child behavior and psychomotor development influence a physician's choice of the form of medication dispensed and of the expectation for compliance.