Stead Family Department of Pediatrics

  • Prevention of Illness and Injury

    Rationale

    Physicians routinely incorporate strategies for prevention of illness and injury into routine health supervision. Immunizations have resulted in a drastic reduction in the rates of certain infectious diseases and, consequently, on their attendant morbidity and mortality. Currently, injuries, rather than infections, cause the majority of deaths in childhood and adolescence. Illness and injury prevention must be a prominent and recurrent theme during health maintenance and other health care visits. Unfortunately, not all injury is unintentional. Some are self-inflicted and some intentionally caused by others. Motor vehicle accidents, homicide and suicide are the three leading causes of death for adolescents. Abuse also occurs at all ages. 

    Objectives

    • Summarize the basic types of illness and injury prevention routinely provided at different ages.
    • List the immunizations currently recommended from birth through adolescence and discuss the adverse side effects and contraindications of each.
    • Provide examples of anticipatory guidance aimed at prevention for different ages.
    • Recognize how risk of illness and injury change during growth and development. Give examples of the age- and development-related spectrum of illness and injury.
    • Recognize how the risks of injury vary at the different stages of pubertal development.
    • Outline the physician's role in the prevention of sports injuries.