Stead Family Department of Pediatrics

  • Nutrition

    Rationale

    Proper nutrition promotes growth and helps maintain health. A number of pediatric conditions present as aberrations of growth where nutritional assessment is central to diagnosis and treatment.

    Objectives

    • Outline the nutritional needs of infants in the first year of life (i.e. Calories, water, carbohydrate, lipids, vitamins, minerals)
    • Explain the benefits and disadvantages of
      • Breast feeding
      • Formula feeding
    • Describe the lactation process and the basic composition of human milk
    • Describe differences and similarities between human milk and commonly used cow milk-based and soy-based formulas.
    • Provide advice to parents about infant feeding:
      • Cues given by the infant to indicate hunger
      • How to determine adequacy of feeding frequency and volume
      • Breast feeding techniques
      • Volume and types of infant formula
      • Vitamin and mineral supplementation
      • Introduction of foods other than human milk or formula
      • When to introduce cow milk into the diet
    • Recognize when nutritional assessment is necessary beyond infancy, and demonstrate how to obtain a daily diet diary with the assistance of a nutritionist.