Stead Family Department of Pediatrics

  • Child Abuse (Physical and Sexual)

    Rationale

    Abuse of children and adolescents is part of the spectrum of family dysfunction and results in injury and death to millions of children each year in the United States. Abuse causes physical, sexual and/or emotional trauma or may occur in the form of neglect when caregivers fail to provide basic physical, emotional or medical needs. Medical professionals are required by law in all 50 states to identify abuse and to report it to child protective services. Students must understand the varying presentations of abuse, must recognize the physical, emotional and social factors that put a child at risk for abuse, must know when to consider abuse in the differential diagnosis and must understand their ethical and legal obligations.

    Objectives

    • List the physical and behavioral signs of physical abuse, sexual abuse and neglect:
      • Describe the specific types or patterns of injury that suggest physical abuse.
      • Summarize the physical findings expected in an infant who has been subjected to abuse by shaking.
      • Identify Failure to Thrive and discuss its relationship with neglect.
    • List the risk factors for domestic violence and child abuse.
    • List the family, social and environmental history items that are important when considering possible abuse.
    • Know the types of questions to ask in assessment of a child for non-accidental injuries and child abuse.
      • Summarize the "mandatory reporter's" ethical and legal responsibilities