Iowa Institute of Human Genetics

  • View Glossary Terms

  • K

    Karyotype:

    The chromosomes which makeup an individual. This term is also used for the photograph of chromosomes of an individual which are arranged in a standard format by size. The photograph can be used to determine alterations in number, size and shape of each chromosome for the diagnosis of specific diseases.

    Kb:

    See kilobase

    Kilobase (kb):

    A unit of measure of DNA or RNA sequence 1000 nucleotides in length.

    Kindred:

    An entire family (extended).