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Choroidal schwannoma in a 6-month-old girl.
J AAPOS. 2014 Apr;18(2):197-9
Authors: Chen JJ, Kamberos NL, O'Dorisio MS, Syed NA, Boldt C
Choroidal schwannomas are exceedingly rare in children, with only 6 cases reported in children younger than 18 years of age and none in those younger than 9 years. We report a 6-month-old infant presenting with a large noncalcified amelanotic mass with secondary glaucoma that mimicked an atypical retinoblastoma, leading to emergent enucleation for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes. Pathology revealed a total retinal detachment, glaucomatous damage, and a large mass arising from the peripapillary posterior choroid with areas of Antoni A pattern and S-100 staining consistent with the diagnosis of an intraocular schwannoma. This is the first intraocular schwannoma described in an infant.
PMID: 24698624 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Retinal hemorrhages in intubated pediatric intensive care patients.
J AAPOS. 2014 Apr;18(2):129-33
Authors: Longmuir SQ, McConnell L, Oral R, Dumitrescu A, Kamath S, Erkonen G
PURPOSE: To define the diagnoses associated with the presence of retinal hemorrhages, to clarify the association between retinal hemorrhages, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), and coagulopathy, and to describe the type of retinal hemorrhages found in intubated critically ill patients <4 years of age.
METHODS: This was a prospective observational study of intubated patients <4 years of age admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit of a tertiary care center from March 2010 to May 2012. The presence and description of retinal hemorrhages was recorded along with diagnoses, international normalized ratio (INR), CPR (in minutes), and mortality.
RESULTS: A total of 85 intubated, critically ill patients (37 females) were included; average patient age was 8.2 months (range, 0.1-46.8 months). Of the 85 patients, 6 (7%) had retinal hemorrhages (95% CI, 0.029-0.153). Of the 6 patients with RH, abusive head trauma (AHT) was diagnosed in 4 patients, 1 patient had direct head trauma, and 1 had CPR. There were 8 patients with CPR out of the 85. AHT was highly associated with severe multilayered retinal hemorrhages (P = 0.0001) but coagulopathy (P = 0.2671) and CPR (P = 0.5342) were not.
CONCLUSIONS: Severe multilayered retinal hemorrhages were associated with AHT in this cohort of patients. Without a history of trauma, retinal hemorrhages occurred in only 1 of 85 patients; in this case the hemorrhages were mild, confined to the posterior pole, and found only in the retinal layer.
PMID: 24698608 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]