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Robert and Hélène Soper Chair of Pediatric SurgerySurgeon-in-ChiefAssociate Professor of SurgeryAssociate Professor of
- Pediatric Surgery
Primary Office: 2967 JCPIowa City, IA 52242
Primary Office Phone: 319-356-1766
Biology, University of Michigan Ann ArborBS, Biology, University of California at Los AngelesMD, University of California at Los Angeles
Surgical Internship, Surgery, University of Michigan Medical CenterFellowship, NIH Staff Fellow in Surgical Oncology, Surgery Branch, National Cancer Institute NIH, Bethesda, MDResidency, General Surgery, University of Michigan Medical CenterFellowship, Pediatric Surgery, University of Toronto Hospital for Sick Children
Iowa Medical LicenseIllinois Medical LicenseCertified, Advanced Trauma Life SupportBoard Certified, Pediatric Surgery, American Board of SurgeryBoard Certified, General Surgery, American Board of Surgery
Dr. Shilyansky studies the immune response in pediatric cancer patients. Specifically the mechanism allowing cancers to avoid immune destruction are being addressed. By understanding these mechanisms vaccines that can induce anti-cancer immunity and lead to cancer regression may be developed. Dendritic cells, white blood cells that regulate the immune response, are critically important for effective anti-tumor responses. Cancer cells appear adept at inhibiting dendritic cells. Recent studies in the laboratory examined phosphatidylserine as a mechanism for inhibiting dendritic cells and for evading tumor immunity. Phosphatidylserine is a membrane phospholipid that is normally restricted to the inner surface of the cell membrane (envelope) and is exposed on the cell surface during programmed cell death (apoptosis). However, live cancer cells can express phosphatidylserine on the cell surface. Dr. Shilyansky's laboratory has demonstrated that tumor phosphatidylserine inhibits human peripheral blood derived dendritic cells. Phosphatidylserine appear to interfere with NF-kappaB and p38 MAPK activation, signaling events required for dendritic cell maturation and function. Recent work has concentrated on the in vivo mechanisms by which phosphatidylserine affects tumor immunity. Additional studies in Dr. Shilyansky's laboratory relate to cancer vaccine development and effects of ligating CD40, a critical receptor on antigen presenting cells, in tumor immunity.
Invasion in Follicular Thyroid Cancer (FTC) Cell Lines is Mediated by EphA2 and pAkt.
August. Outcome of antegrade continent enema (ACE) procedures in children and young adults.
June. Annexin V inhibits CMS5 fibrosarcoma growth by blocking phosphatidylserine.
May. Annexin-V promotes anti-tumor immunity and inhibits neuroblastoma growth in vivo.
April. Outcomes of plastic closure in gastroschisis.
The F508 mutation causes CFTR misprocessing and cystic fibrosis-like disease in pigs.
Si Transl Med .
Outcomes of plastic closure of abdominal wall defects in gastroschisis.
February. Operative Dictations in General and Vascular Surgery.
Pediatric Laparoscopic Nissen Fundoplication.Phosphatidylserine inhibits NFkB and p38 MAPK activation in human monocyte derived dendritic cells.
Plastic closure in gastroschisis.
Date Last Modified: 01/08/2013 -
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