Neurology

George B. Richerson, MD, PhD

Portrait

Specialty: Breathing Control Disorders
The Roy J. Carver Chair in Neuroscience
Director: Clinical Neuroscientist Training Program in Neurology
Head, Department of Neurology
Professor of Neurology
Professor of Molecular Physiology and Biophysics

Contact Information

Primary Office: 2151-A1 RCP
Iowa City, IA 52242
Primary Office Phone: 319-356-4296

Lab: 1000 ML
Iowa City, IA 52242

Email: george-richerson@uiowa.edu
Web: Richerson Laboratory

Education

BS, Aerospace Engineering, Iowa State University
MD, Medicine, University of Iowa
PhD, Molecular Physiology and Biophysics, University of Iowa

Internship, Waterbury Hospital Health Center
Residency, Neurology Chief Resident, Yale-New Haven Hospital

Licensure and Certifications

Physician's and Surgeon's License Connecticut Board of Health
Physician's and Surgeon's License Iowa Board of Medicine
Diplomate American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology

Education/Training Program Affiliations

Biosciences Graduate Program
Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Molecular and Cellular Biology
Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Neuroscience
Interdisciplinary Graduate Program in Translational Biomedicine
Medical Scientist Training Program

Research Summary

Sudden death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and infants (SIDS), GABA mechanisms in epilepsy, Non-motor symptoms of Parkinson's disease, Control of breathing, Sleep, Serotonin, Brainstem mechanisms

All Publications

Cerpa V, Aylwin M, Beltrán-Castillo S, Bravo E, Llona I, Richerson G, Eugenín J.  Prenatal-perinatal Nicotine Alters Neonatal Raphe Neurons: Meaning for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome..  American journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology.  2015 February 19. 
[PubMed]

Massey C, Iceman K, Johansen S, Wu Y, Harris M, Richerson G.  Isoflurane abolishes spontaneous firing of serotonin neurons and masks their pH/CO2 chemosensitivity..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2015 February 18. 
[PubMed]

Brust R, Corcoran A, Richerson G, Nattie E, Dymecki S.  Functional and developmental identification of a molecular subtype of brain serotonergic neuron specialized to regulate breathing dynamics..  Cell reports.  2014 December 24. 9(6):2152-65.
[PubMed]

Cerpa V, Gonzalez A, Richerson G.  Diphtheria toxin treatment of Pet-1-Cre floxed diphtheria toxin receptor mice disrupts thermoregulation without affecting respiratory chemoreception..  Neuroscience.  2014 October 24. 279:65-76.
[PubMed]

Buchanan G, Murray N, Hajek M, Richerson G.  Serotonin neurones have anti-convulsant effects and reduce seizure-induced mortality..  The Journal of physiology.  2014 October 1. 592(Pt 19):4395-410.
[PubMed]

Massey C, Sowers L, Dlouhy B, Richerson G.  Mechanisms of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: the pathway to prevention..  Nature reviews. Neurology.  2014 May 1. 10(5):271-82.
[PubMed]

Price M, Gong H, Parsons M, Kundert J, Reznikov L, Bernardinelli L, Chaloner K, Buchanan G, Wemmie J, Richerson G, Cassell M, Welsh M.  Localization and behaviors in null mice suggest that ASIC1 and ASIC2 modulate responses to aversive stimuli..  Genes, brain, and behavior.  2014 February 1. 13(2):179-94.
[PubMed]

Corcoran A, Commons K, Wu Y, Smith J, Harris M, Richerson G.  Dual effects of 5-HT(1a) receptor activation on breathing in neonatal mice..  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.  2014 January 1. 34(1):51-9.
[PubMed]

Teran F, Massey C, Richerson G.  Serotonin neurons and central respiratory chemoreception: where are we now?.  Progress in brain research.  2014 January 1. 209:207-33.
[PubMed]

Iceman K, Richerson G, Harris M.  Medullary serotonin neurons are CO2 sensitive in situ..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2013 December 1. 110(11):2536-44.
[PubMed]

Sowers L, Massey C, Gehlbach B, Granner M, Richerson G.  Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy: fatal post-ictal respiratory and arousal mechanisms..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2013 November 1. 189(2):315-23.
[PubMed]

Sowers L, Loo L, Wu Y, Campbell E, Ulrich J, Wu S, Paemka L, Wassink T, Meyer K, Bing X, El-Shanti H, Usachev Y, Ueno N, Manak J, Shepherd A, Ferguson P, Darbro B, Richerson G, Mohapatra D, Wemmie J, Bassuk A.  Disruption of the non-canonical Wnt gene PRICKLE2 leads to autism-like behaviors with evidence for hippocampal synaptic dysfunction..  Molecular psychiatry.  2013 October 1. 18(10):1077-89.
[PubMed]

Massey C, Kim G, Corcoran A, Haynes R, Paterson D, Cummings K, Dymecki S, Richerson G, Nattie E, Kinney H, Commons K.  Development of brainstem 5-HT1A receptor-binding sites in serotonin-deficient mice..  Journal of neurochemistry.  2013 September 1. 126(6):749-57.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Serotonin: The Anti-SuddenDeathAmine?.  Epilepsy currents / American Epilepsy Society.  2013 September 1. 13(5):241-4.
[PubMed]

Corcoran A, Richerson G, Harris M.  Serotonergic mechanisms are necessary for central respiratory chemoresponsiveness in situ..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2013 April 1. 186(2):214-20.
[PubMed]

Corcoran A, Richerson G, Harris M.  Serotonergic mechanisms are necessary for central respiratory chemoresponsiveness in situ..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2013 February. 
[PubMed]

Ransom C, Tao W, Wu Y, Spain W, Richerson G.  Rapid regulation of tonic GABA currents in cultured rat hippocampal neurons..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2013 February 1. 109(3):803-12.
[PubMed]

Bravata D, Concato J, Fried T, Ranjbar N, Sadarangani T, McClain V, Struve F, Zygmunt L, Knight H, Lo  A, Richerson G, Gorman M, Williams L, Brass L, Agostini J, Mohsenin V, Roux F, Yaggi H.  Continuous positive airway pressure: evaluation of a novel therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke..  Sleep.  2011 September 1. 34(9):1271-7.
[PubMed]

Ray R, Corcoran A, Brust R, Kim J, Richerson G, Nattie E, Dymecki S.  Impaired respiratory and body temperature control upon acute serotonergic neuron inhibition..  Science (New York, N.Y.).  2011 July 29. 333(6042):637-42.
[PubMed]

Hodges M, Best S, Richerson G.  Altered ventilatory and thermoregulatory control in male and female adult Pet-1 null mice..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2011 July. 177(2):133-40.
[PubMed]

Bravata D, Concato J, Ranjbar N, Sadarangani T, McClain V, Struve F, Zygmunt L, Knight H, Lo A, Richerson G, Gorman M, Williams L, Brass L, Agostino J, Mohsenin V, Roux F, Yaggi H, Richerson G.  Continuous Positive Airway Pressure: Evaluation of a novel therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke.  Sleep.  2011. 34(9):1271-1277.

Ray R, Corcoran A, Brust R, Kim J, Nattie E, Dymecki S, Richerson G.  Homeostatic imbalance upon acute in vivo serotonergic neuron inhibition.  Science.  2011. 333(6042):637-642.

Richerson G.  The role of the neurotransmitter serotonin in SUDEP.  Epilepsy Australia Ltd, Camberwell, Victoria.  2011. 

Buchanan G, Richerson G.  The serotonin axis: Shared mechanisms in seizures, depression, and SUDEP.  Epilepsia.  2011. 52:28-28.

Richerson G, Buchanan G.  The serotonin axis: Shared mechanisms in seizures, depression, and SUDEP..  Epilepsia.  2011 January. 52 Suppl 1:28-38.
[PubMed]

Richerson G, Buchanan G.  The serotonin axis: Shared mechanisms in seizures, depression, and SUDEP..  Epilepsia.  2011 January 1. 52 Suppl 1:28-38.
[PubMed]

Hodges M, Richerson G.  Medullary serotonin neurons and their roles in central respiratory chemoreception..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2010 October 31. 173(3):256-63.
[PubMed]

Buchanan G, Richerson G.  Central serotonin neurons are required for arousal to CO2..  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  2010 September 14. 107(37):16354-9.
[PubMed]

Buchanan G, Richerson G.  Central serotonin neurons are required for arousal to CO2..  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America.  2010 September. 107(37):16354-9.
[PubMed]

Bravata D, Concato J, Fried T, Ranjbar N, Sadarangani T, McClain V, Struve F, Zygmunt L, Knight H, Lo  A, Richerson G, Gorman M, Williams L, Brass L, Agostini J, Mohsenin V, Roux F, Yaggi H.  Auto-titrating continuous positive airway pressure for patients with acute transient ischemic attack: a randomized feasibility trial..  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation.  2010 July 1. 41(7):1464-70.
[PubMed]

Ransom C, Wu Y, Richerson G.  Postdepolarization potentiation of GABAA receptors: a novel mechanism regulating tonic conductance in hippocampal neurons..  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.  2010 June. 30(22):7672-84.
[PubMed]

Hodges M, Richerson G.  The role of medullary serotonin (5-HT) neurons in respiratory control: contributions to eupneic ventilation, CO2 chemoreception, and thermoregulation..  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985).  2010 May 1. 108(5):1425-32.
[PubMed]

Buchanan G, Richerson G.  Central serotonin neurons are required for arousal to CO2.  PNAS.  2010. 107(37):16354-9.

Richerson G.  Development of chemosensitivity to CO2 and O2 in mice with absence of central serotonin neurons in vivo..  2010. 36.

Richerson G.  Medullary serotonin neurons and their roles in central.  Respir Physiol Neurobiol.  2010. 173(3):256-263.

Richerson G.  Multiple mechanisms rapidly regulate tonic GABA currents in cultured rat hippocampal neurons..  Epilepsia.  2010. 

Richerson G.  Postdepolarization Potentiation of GABAA Receptors:.  J Neurosci.  2010. 30(22):7672-7684.

Richerson G.  Respiratory plasticity in sleep apnoea: Should it be harnessed or restrained?.  J Physiol.  2010. 588(1):3-4.

Richerson G.  The role of medullary serotonin (5-HT) neurons in respiratory.  J Appl Physiol.  2010. 108(5):1425-1432.

Richerson G.  Respiratory plasticity in sleep apnoea: should it be harnessed or restrained?.  The Journal of physiology.  2010 January. 588(Pt 1):4-Mar.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Respiratory plasticity in sleep apnoea: should it be harnessed or restrained?.  The Journal of physiology.  2010 January 1. 588(Pt 1):3-4.
[PubMed]

Corcoran A, Hodges M, Wu Y, Wang W, Wylie C, Deneris E, Richerson G.  Medullary serotonin neurons and central CO2 chemoreception..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2009 August 31. 168(1-2):49-58.
[PubMed]

Hodges M, Wehner M, Aungst J, Smith J, Richerson G.  Transgenic mice lacking serotonin neurons have severe apnea and high mortality during development..  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.  2009 August. 29(33):10341-9.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Acidosis inhibits a calcium-activated non-selective cation current in mature serotonergic neurons. .  The 11th Oxford Conference on Modeling and Control of Breathing, Nara, Japan..  2009 July. 

Buchanan G, Richerson G.  Role of chemoreceptors in mediating dyspnea..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2009 May 30. 167(1):9-19.
[PubMed]

Ptak K, Yamanishi T, Aungst J, Milescu L, Zhang R, Richerson G, Smith J.  Raphé neurons stimulate respiratory circuit activity by multiple mechanisms via endogenously released serotonin and substance P..  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.  2009 March 25. 29(12):3720-37.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Control of ventilation.  WB Saunders, Co, New York, NY..  2009. 

Richerson G.  Increased seizure susceptibility and post-ictal respiratory suppression in mice with genetic deletion of 5-HT neurons..  Epilepsia.  2009. 

Richerson G.  Medullary serotonin neurons and central CO2 chemoreception..  Respir Physiol Neurobiol.  2009. 168:49-58.

Richerson G.  Post-depolarization potentiation of GABAA receptors: a novel mechanism regulating tonic inhibition in hippocampal neurons..  Epilepsia.  2009. 

Richerson G.  Raphé neurons stimulate respiratory circuit activity by multiple mechanisms via endogenously released serotonin and substance P..  J Neurosci.  2009. 29(12):3720-37.

Richerson G.  Role of chemoreceptors in mediating dyspnea.  Respir Physiol Neurobiol.  2009. 167(1):9-19.

Richerson G.  The autonomic nervous system.  WB Saunders, Co, New York, NY..  2009. 

Richerson G.  The brainstem and serotonin in the sudden infant death syndrome..  Annual Rev Pathol.  2009. 4:517-550.

Richerson G.  Transgenic mice lacking.  J Neurosci.  2009. 29(33):10341-10349.

Hodges M, Richerson G.  Contributions of 5-HT neurons to respiratory control: neuromodulatory and trophic effects..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2008 December. 164(2-Jan):222-32.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Critical role of 5-HT neurons in control of breathing in neonatal mice in vivo and in vitro..  International Symposium on Respiratory Control. Saint Maximin en Provence, France..  2008 December. 

Hodges M, Richerson G.  Interaction between defects in ventilatory and thermoregulatory control in mice lacking 5-HT neurons..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2008 December. 164(3):350-7.
[PubMed]

Johnson S, Haxhiu M, Richerson G.  GFP-expressing locus ceruleus neurons from Prp57 transgenic mice exhibit CO2/H+ responses in primary cell culture..  Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985).  2008 October 1. 105(4):1301-11.
[PubMed]

Hodges M, Tattersall G, Harris M, McEvoy S, Richerson D, Deneris E, Johnson R, Chen Z, Richerson G.  Defects in breathing and thermoregulation in mice with near-complete absence of central serotonin neurons..  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.  2008 March. 28(10):2495-505.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Contribution of chemosensitive 5-HT neurons to interactions between the sleep/wake cycle and respiratory control..  Birkhauser Verlag AG, Basel, Switzerland.  2008. 

Richerson G.  Contributions of 5-HT neurons to respiratory control: Neuromodulatory and trophic effects.  Respir Physiol Neurobiol.  2008. 164:222-232.

Richerson G.  Defects in breathing and thermoregulation after genetic deletion of central serotonin neurons.  J Neurosci.  2008. 28(10):2495-2505.

Richerson G.  GFP expressing Locus Coeruleus neurons from Prp57 transgenic mice exhibit differential CO2/H+ responses in primary cell culture..  J Appl Physiol.  2008. 105(4):1301-11.

Richerson G.  Interaction between defects in ventilatory and thermoregulatory control in mice with near-complete absence of 5-HT neurons. .  Respir Physiol Neurobiol.  2008. 164:350-357.

Richerson G.  Medullary raphe nuclei and respiratory control..  Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, Germany..  2008. 

Richerson G.  The prevalence of positional sleep apnea among patients with acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attacks..  Stroke.  2008. 39(2):616.

Wu Y, Wang W, Díez-Sampedro A, Richerson G.  Nonvesicular inhibitory neurotransmission via reversal of the GABA transporter GAT-1..  Neuron.  2007 December. 56(5):851-65.
[PubMed]

Wang W, Richerson G.  Changes in glucose do not alter baseline firing rate or chemosensitivity of serotonin neurons cultured from the medullary raphé..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2007 August. 157(3-Feb):235-41.
[PubMed]

Wang W, Richerson G.  Changes in glucose do not alter baseline firing rate or chemosensitivity of serotonin neurons cultured from the medullary raphé..  Respiratory physiology & neurobiology.  2007 August 1. 157(2-3):235-41.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Changes in glucose do not alter baseline firing rate or chemosensitivity of serotonin neurons cultured from the medullary raphé..  Respir Physiol Neurobiol.  2007. 157(2-3):235-41.

Richerson G.  Nonvesicular inhibitory neurotransmission via reversal of the GABA transporter GAT-1..  Neuron.  2007. 56(5):851-65.

Wu Y, Wang W, Richerson G.  The transmembrane sodium gradient influences ambient GABA concentration by altering the equilibrium of GABA transporters..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2006 November. 96(5):2425-36.
[PubMed]

Wu Y, Wang W, Richerson G.  The transmembrane sodium gradient influences ambient GABA concentration by altering the equilibrium of GABA transporters..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2006 November 1. 96(5):2425-36.
[PubMed]

Díez-Sampedro A, Silverman W, Bautista J, Richerson G.  Mechanism of increased open probability by a mutation of the BK channel..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2006 September. 96(3):1507-16.
[PubMed]

Díez-Sampedro A, Silverman W, Bautista J, Richerson G.  Mechanism of increased open probability by a mutation of the BK channel..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2006 September 1. 96(3):1507-16.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  GAT1 is near equilibrium under normal physiological conditions and reverses easily in response to depolarization..  The GABAergic System. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, NY..  2006. 

Richerson G.  Mechanism of increased open probability by a mutation of the BK channel..  J Neurophysiol.  2006. 96:1507-1516.

Richerson G.  The transmembrane sodium gradient influences ambient GABA concentration by altering the equilibrium of GABA transporters.  J Neurophysiol.  2006. 96:2425-2436.

Du  W, Bautista J, Yang H, Diez-Sampedro A, You S, Wang L, Kotagal P, Lüders H, Shi J, Cui J, Richerson G, Wang Q.  Calcium-sensitive potassium channelopathy in human epilepsy and paroxysmal movement disorder..  Nature genetics.  2005 July 1. 37(7):733-8.
[PubMed]

Richerson G, Wang W, Hodges M, Dohle C, Diez-Sampedro A.  Homing in on the specific phenotype(s) of central respiratory chemoreceptors..  Experimental physiology.  2005 May. 90(3):259-66; discussion 266-9.
[PubMed]

Richerson G, Wang W, Hodges M, Dohle C, Diez-Sampedro A.  Homing in on the specific phenotype(s) of central respiratory chemoreceptors..  Experimental physiology.  2005 May 1. 90(3):259-66; discussion 266-9.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Calcium-sensitive potassium channelopathy in human epilepsy and paroxysmal movement disorder..  Nature Genetics.  2005. 37(7):733-738.

Richerson G.  Commentary on “Retrotrapezoid nucleus: a litmus test for the identification of central chemoreceptors.”.  Exp Physiol.  2005. 90(3):247-257.

Richerson G.  Homing in on the specific phenotype(s) of central respiratory chemoreceptors.  Exp Physiol.  2005. 90(3):259-269.

Bouyer P, Bradley S, Zhao J, Wang W, Richerson G, Boron W.  Effect of extracellular acid-base disturbances on the intracellular pH of neurones cultured from rat medullary raphe or hippocampus..  The Journal of physiology.  2004 August. 559(Pt 1):85-101.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Serotonergic neurons as carbon dioxide sensors that maintain pH homeostasis..  Nature reviews. Neuroscience.  2004 June. 5(6):449-61.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Effect of extracellular acid-base disturbances on the intracellular pH of neurons cultured from rat.  J Physiol (Lond).  2004. 559:85-101.

Richerson G.  Learning to take a deep breath – with BDNF.  Nature Medicine.  2004. 10(1):25-26.

Richerson G.  Looking for GABA in all the wrong places: The relevance of extrasynaptic GABAA receptors to epilepsy.  Epilepsy Currents.  2004. 4(6):239-242.

Richerson G.  Medullary serotonergic neurons and adjacent neurons that express neurokinin-1 receptors are both involved in chemoreception in vivo..  J Physiol (Lond).  2004. 556(1):235-253.

Richerson G.  Role of the GABA transporter in epilepsy..  Adv Exp Med Biol.  2004. 548:76-91.

Richerson G, Wu Y.  Role of the GABA transporter in epilepsy..  Advances in experimental medicine and biology.  2004. 548:76-91.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Serotonergic neurons as carbon dioxide sensors that maintain pH homeostasis..  Nature Reviews Neuroscience.  2004. 5:449-461.

Severson C, Wang W, Pieribone V, Dohle C, Richerson G.  Midbrain serotonergic neurons are central pH chemoreceptors..  Nature neuroscience.  2003 November. 6(11):1139-40.
[PubMed]

Richerson G, Wu Y.  Dynamic equilibrium of neurotransmitter transporters: not just for reuptake anymore..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2003 September. 90(3):1363-74.
[PubMed]

Wu Y, Wang W, Richerson G.  Vigabatrin induces tonic inhibition via GABA transporter reversal without increasing vesicular GABA release..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2003 April. 89(4):2021-34.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Respiratory chemoreception in mammalian respiratory networks..  International Congress of Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry. La Trobe, Australia..  2003 February. 

Richerson G.  Midbrain serotonergic neurons are central pH chemoreceptors.  Nature Neurosci.  2003. 6(11):1139-1140.

Richerson G.  The dynamic equilibrium of neurotransmitter transporters: Not just for reuptake anymore.  J Neurophysiol.  2003. 90:1363-1374.

Richerson G.  Vigabatrin induces tonic inhibition via GABA transporter reversal without increasing vesicular GABA release..  J Neurophysiol.  2003. 89(4):2021-2034.

Bradley S, Pieribone V, Wang W, Severson C, Jacobs R, Richerson G.  Chemosensitive serotonergic neurons are closely associated with large medullary arteries..  Nature neuroscience.  2002 May. 5(5):401-2.
[PubMed]

Wang W, Bradley S, Richerson G.  Quantification of the response of rat medullary raphe neurones to independent changes in pH(o) and P(CO2)..  The Journal of physiology.  2002 May. 540(Pt 3):951-70.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Chemosensitive serotonergic neurons are intimately associated with large arteries of the ventral medulla.  Nature Neurosci.  2002. 5(5):401-402.

Richerson G.  Control of ventilation.  WB Saunders, Co, New York, NY.  2002. 

Richerson G.  Quantification of the response of rat medullary raphe neurones to independent changes in pHo and PCO2..  J Physiol (Lond).  2002. 540(3):951-970.

Richerson G.  The autonomic nervous system.  WB Saunders, Co, New York, NY..  2002. 

Richerson G, Wang W, Tiwari J, Bradley S.  Chemosensitivity of serotonergic neurons in the rostral ventral medulla..  Respiration physiology.  2001 December. 129(2-Jan):175-89.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Cellular mechanisms of chemosensitivity in serotonergic raphe neurons..  Neural control of breathing. Rotorua, New Zealand..  2001 September. 

Wang W, Tiwari J, Bradley S, Zaykin R, Richerson G.  Acidosis-stimulated neurons of the medullary raphe are serotonergic..  Journal of neurophysiology.  2001 May. 85(5):2224-35.
[PubMed]

Wu Y, Wang W, Richerson G.  GABA transaminase inhibition induces spontaneous and enhances depolarization-evoked GABA efflux via reversal of the GABA transporter..  The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience.  2001 April. 21(8):2630-9.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Acidosis-stimulated neurons of the medullary raphe are serotonergic..  J Neurophysiol.  2001. 85:2224-2235.

Richerson G.  Chemosensitivity of serotonergic neurons in the rostral ventral medulla..  Respir Physiol.  2001. 129:175-189.

Richerson G.  GABA transaminase inhibition induces spontaneous and enhances depolarization-evoked GABA efflux via reversal of the GABA transporter..  J Neurosci.  2001. 21(8):2630-2639.

Richerson G.  Serotonergic neurons of the medullary raphe possess a novel pH sensitive calcium-dependent cation current..  Central Chemosensitivity 2000, Bochum, Germany..  2000 August. 

Wang W, Richerson G.  Chemosensitivity of non-respiratory rat CNS neurons in tissue culture..  Brain research.  2000 March. 860(2-Jan):119-29.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Chemosensitivity of nonrespiratory rat neurons in primary tissue culture..  Brain Research.  2000. 860:119-129.

Richerson G.  Refractory seizures in a 17-year-old: Re-evaluating therapy..  NeuroNetwork.  2000. 2(1):2-3.

Richerson G.  Vigabatrin induces an increase in GABA release due to reversal of the GABA transporter..  Epilepsia.  2000. 

Richerson G.  The medullary raphe and respiration: Such an obvious role, but what exactly is it?.  FASEB Special Topic. Washington, DC.  1999 April. 

Wang W, Richerson G.  Development of chemosensitivity of rat medullary raphe neurons..  Neuroscience.  1999 March. 90(3):1001-11.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Development of chemosensitivity of rat medullary raphe neurons..  Neurosci.  1999. 90(3):1001-1011.

Richerson G.  Vigabatrin & gabapentin enhance carrier-mediated GABA release..  Epilepsia.  1999. 

Wang W, Pizzonia J, Richerson G.  Chemosensitivity of rat medullary raphe neurones in primary tissue culture..  The Journal of physiology.  1998 September. 511 ( Pt 2):433-50.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Carrier-mediated GABA release induces GABA receptor conductances in hippocampal neurons..  J Neurophysiol.  1998. 80:270-281.

Richerson G.  Chemosensitivity of rat medullary raphe neurones in primary tissue culture..  J Physiol (Lond).  1998. 511(2):433-450.

Richerson G.  pH effects on respiratory neurons..  John Wiley & Sons, New York, NY..  1998. 

Richerson G.  Carrier-mediated GABA release: Is there a functional role?.  Neuroscientist.  1997. 3(3):151-157.

Richerson G.  Sudden Infant Death: The role of central chemosensitivity..  Neuroscientist.  1997. 3(1):309-313.

Richerson G.  Chloride: an anaplastic anion?.  Neuroreport.  1996 April. 7(5):969-70.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Chloride: An anaplastic anion?.  Neuroreport.  1996. 7:969-970.

Richerson G.  Effect of respiratory acid-base changes on intracellular pH of ventromedial medullary neurons..  pHysiology of Acid-Base Regulation: From Molecules to Humans, APS Conference, Snowmass, CO.  1996. 

Richerson G.  Properties of cultured rat ventromedial medullary neurons sensitive to acidosis..  Neural Control of Breathing: Molecular to Organismal Perspectives, APS Conference, Madison, WI.  1996. 

Richerson G.  Role of carrier-mediated GABA release in seizures. .  Epilepsia.  1996. 

Oyelese A, Eng D, Richerson G, Kocsis J.  Enhancement of GABAA receptor-mediated conductances induced by nerve injury in a subclass of sensory neurons..  Journal of neurophysiology.  1995 August. 74(2):673-83.
[PubMed]

Honmou O, Kocsis J, Richerson G.  Gabapentin potentiates the conductance increase induced by nipecotic acid in CA1 pyramidal neurons in vitro..  Epilepsy research.  1995 March. 20(3):193-202.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Response to CO2 of neurons in the rostral ventral medulla in vitro..  Journal of neurophysiology.  1995 March. 73(3):933-44.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Effect of composition of experimental solutions on neuronal survival during rat brain slicing..  Exp Neurol.  1995. 131:133-143.

Richerson G.  Electrophysiological response of CO2 sensitive cells in the ventral medulla. Central CO2 chemoreceptors: Where are they? How do they work?.  Am. J. Resp. Crit. Care Med..  1995. 151(4):D7.

Richerson G.  Gabapentin potentiates the conductance increase induced by nipecotic acid in CA1 pyramidal neurons in vitro..  Epi Res.  1995. 20:193-202.

Richerson G.  Nerve injury enhances GABAA receptor mediated conductances in a subclass of sensory neurons..  J Neurophysiol.  1995. 74(2):673-683.

Richerson G.  Response to CO2 of neurons in the rostral ventral medulla in vitro..  J Neurophysiol.  1995. 73(3):933-944.

Richerson G, Messer C.  Effect of composition of experimental solutions on neuronal survival during rat brain slicing..  Experimental neurology.  1995 January. 131(1):133-43.
[PubMed]

Richerson G, Getting P.  Medullary respiratory neurons in the guinea pig: localization and firing patterns..  Brain research.  1992 September. 591(1):79-87.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Medullary respiratory neurons in the guinea pig. Localization and firing patterns..  Brain Res;  1992. 

Richerson G.  Perfused brain preparations in neurobiology..  Winter Conf. Brain Res..  1991. 24(31).

Richerson G, Getting P.  Preservation of integrative function in a perfused guinea pig brain..  Brain research.  1990 May. 517(2-Jan):18-Jul.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  Origin of variability in quantal size in cultured hippocampal neurons and hippocampal slices..  PNAS.  1990. 87:5359-5362.

Richerson G.  Preservation of integrative function in a perfused guinea pig brain..  Brain Res.  1990. 517:7-18.

Richerson G.  Biophysical properties of bulbospinal neurons in the ventral part of the nucleus tractus solitarius in guinea pigs..  Alan R. Liss, New York, NY..  1987. 

Richerson G.  Maintenance of complex neural function during perfusion of the mammalian brain. .  Brain Res.  1987. 409:128-132.

Richerson G.  The respiratory centers of the guinea pig: In vivo and perfused brain studies..  1987. 

Richerson G.  Maintenance of complex circuit function during perfusion of the mammalian brain..  Soc. Neurosci. Abstr..  1986. 12.

Richerson G.  Viability of the respiratory system in a perfused brain: A model for studying neural function..  Clinical Research.  1986. 34(3):1005A.

Richerson G.  Characterization of NTS neurons in brain stem slices from the guinea pig.  MTP press, Lancaster, England..  1985. 

Richerson G.  Thyrotropin-releasing hormone induces rhythmic bursting in neurons of the nucleus tractus solitarius..  Science.  1985. 229:67-69.

Richerson G.  5-HT neurons and central CO2 chemoreception.  Elsevier, Amsterdam. 

Richerson G.  Auto-Titrating Continuous Positive Airway Pressure for Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke.  Stroke.  41(7):1464-1470.

Richerson G.  Brainstem modulation of brain function. 

Richerson G.  Disorders of ventilatory control in adult neurological and psychiatric disease..  American Physiological Society, Bethesda, MD.. 

Richerson G.  GABA transporters: Regulation of tonic inhibition.  Elsevier, Oxford, UK.. 

Richerson G.  GABA transporters: Target of anticonvulsants.  Elsevier, Oxford, UK.. 

Richerson G.  Looking for GABA in all the wrong places: the relevance of extrasynaptic GABA(A) receptors to epilepsy..  Epilepsy currents / American Epilepsy Society.  4(6):239-42.
[PubMed]

Richerson G.  The brainstem and cranial nerves. 

Date Last Modified: 06/07/2014 - 21:56:23